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研究生:周苡均
研究生(外文):Yi-Chun Chou
論文名稱:聚甲基丙烯酸甲酯/碳酸化合物複合材料之研製暨性質研究
論文名稱(外文):Manufacturing and Properties of Poly(Methyl Methacrylate)/Carbonate Compound Composites
指導教授:林清彬林清彬引用關係
指導教授(外文):Chin-Bin Lin
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:淡江大學
系所名稱:機械與機電工程學系
學門:工程學門
學類:機械工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2003
畢業學年度:91
語文別:中文
論文頁數:83
中文關鍵詞:高分子基複合材料聚甲基丙烯酸甲酯氯化鐵氯化鈣潛溶劑紅移藍移
外文關鍵詞:Polymer Matrix CompositePMMAferric chloride hexahydratecalcium chloride dehydratecosolventred shiftblue shift
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本研究係以含有飽和氯化鈣/甲醇及氯化鐵/甲醇潛溶劑之PMMA試片為長晶基材,通入飽和碳酸氨形成碳酸鈣及碳酸鐵結晶,製成高分子基複合材料,本文將分PMMA於潛溶劑中的質傳行為、質傳試片的長晶與結晶試片的性質分析三部分做探討。實驗結果顯示PMMA於氯化鈣/甲醇及氯化鐵/甲醇潛溶劑之質傳過程為吸熱反應,兩種鹽類對Case I擴散之擴散係數、Case II擴散之擴散速率、Case I擴散活化能及Case II擴散活化能有不同影響。質傳後長晶試片中,碳酸鈣結晶分佈在溶漲區,試片中央無結晶;碳酸鐵結晶形成在邊緣兩側,其結晶成長並互相連接在一起,產生帶狀的結晶區。對可見光及紫外光穿透光譜分析,氯化鈣/甲醇潛溶劑飽和質傳及長晶試片,其吸收帶與截止波長有向短波長移動(藍移)之現象;氯化鐵/甲醇潛溶劑飽和質傳及長晶試片,其穿透率會下降且吸收帶與截止波長有向長波長移動(紅移)之現象。而紅外光光譜分析,氯化鈣/甲醇潛溶劑飽和質傳及長晶試片無明顯改變;氯化鐵/甲醇潛溶劑飽和質傳及長晶試片,當質傳溫度及濃度較高時,在1405.06 cm-1、3053.78 cm-1及3144.58 cm-1會產生新的吸收峰。另外,氯化鐵/甲醇潛溶劑系統長晶試片,隨質傳溫度及質傳濃度的增加,試片之玻璃轉換溫度有上升的趨勢。

This research was proposed to study on the crystallization substrates which have been mass transport of methanol mixed with ferric chloride hexahydrate (FeCl3‧6H2O) or calcium chloride dehydrate (CaCl2‧2H2O) in poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) and react with ammonium carbonate to produce iron carbonate and calcium carbonate crystallization. This research will be divided into three portions to study on the mass transport of cosolvent in poly(methyl methacrylate)、the crystallization condition of the substrates vs. the properties of the crystallization specimen. The experimental results indicate that the mass transport of this two cosolvent in poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) is an endothermic process. The two saline have different influence on the diffusion coefficient for CaseⅠ, the diffusion velocity for CaseⅡ, the activation energy of diffusion coefficient in CaseⅠtransport and the activation energy of diffusion velocity for CaseⅡ. The transmittance of the specimen with calcium carbonate crystallization varies with the UV and visible wavelength shows that the absorption zone and cut-off wavelength has blue shift, but as for the specimen with iron carbonate crystallization it has red shift. The FTIR spectrum of the specimen with calcium carbonate crystallization didn’t have obvious change, but the FTIR spectrum of the specimen with iron carbonate crystallization shows the new absorption peak at 1405.06cm-1、3053.78 cm-1 and 3144.58 cm-1. In addition, the glass transition temperature (Tg) of the specimen with iron carbonate crystallization will rise as the increase of mass transport temperature and concentration.

中文摘要 ..............Ⅰ
英文摘要 ..............Ⅱ
總目錄 ..............Ⅳ
圖目錄 ..............Ⅶ
表目錄 ..............XI
符號說明 ..............XII
壹、導論 ................................................1
1-1 前言 ................................................1
1-2 文獻回顧 .............................................2
1-2.1 高分子中溶劑的質傳行為 .............................2
1-2.1.1 質傳之分類 .......................................3
1-2.1.2 影響質傳之因素 ...................................4
1-2.1.3 質傳中溶漲界面之移動 .............................5
1-2.2 結晶概論............................................6
1-2.3 微溶物系結晶 .......................................7
1-2.3.1 成核與成長 ........................................7
1-2.3.2 一次核發生 ........................................7
1-2.3.3 二次核發生 ........................................8
1-2.3.4 異質成核 ........................................9
1-2.4 成長機構 ........................................9
1-2.5 成長動力學 ........................................11
1-2.6 光學性質 ........................................12
1-2.6.1 光之吸收 ........................................12
1-2.6.2 光之散射 ........................................13
1-3 研究範疇 ........................................15
貳、實驗設計 ........................................19
2-1 實驗設備與材料 ........................................19
2-1.1 實驗藥品 ........................................19
2-1.2 實驗設備 ........................................19
2-2 質傳實驗 ........................................20
2-2.1 試片製備 ........................................20
2-2.2溶劑準備 ........................................20
2-2.3 質傳 ........................................20
2-3 試片劈裂面之製造及觀察 ...............................21
2-4 結晶實驗 ........................................21
2-5 X-光繞射分析(XRD) ....................................21
2-6光譜測試 ........................................22
2-7 FTIR測試 ........................................22
2-8 DSC測試 ........................................22
參、結果與討論 ........................................23
3-1 質傳行為 ........................................23
3-1.1 PMMA在氯化鈣/甲醇潛溶劑中的質傳行為 ................23
3-1.2 PMMA在氯化鐵/甲醇潛溶劑中的質傳行為 ................25
3-2 結晶 .................................................27
3-2.1 氯化鈣/甲醇潛溶劑系統 ...............................27
3-2.2 氯化鐵/甲醇潛溶劑系統 ...............................28
3-3 光譜分析...............................................29
3-3.1 可見光及紫外光光譜分析...............................29
3-3.2 紅外光光譜分析 ...............................30
3-4 玻璃轉換溫度之變化 ...............................32
肆、結論 .................................................78
伍、參考文獻 .............................................80

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