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研究生:高墀烙
研究生(外文):Kao, Tsu-Lo
論文名稱:離心性運動對於棒球選手身體葡萄糖吸收能力之影響
論文名稱(外文):Effect of short term of eccentric exercise on glucose tolerance in high school baseball players
指導教授:郭家驊郭家驊引用關係周適偉周適偉引用關係柯天路柯天路引用關係
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:臺北巿立體育學院
系所名稱:運動科學研究所
學門:民生學門
學類:運動科技學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2003
畢業學年度:91
語文別:中文
論文頁數:31
中文關鍵詞:抗胰島素現象肌酸激酶重量訓練下坡跑
外文關鍵詞:insulin resistancecreatine kinasestrength trainingdown-hill running
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已知從事離心性運動對肌肉造成的損傷遠超過其他種類的肌肉活動。此外,離心性運動會導致人體產生抗胰島素現象,減少大白鼠肌肉的肝醣合成速率與GLUT4的數量。葡萄糖耐受度(GT)與抗胰島素現象成正相關,葡萄糖耐受度因胰島素敏感度下降而受損。經葡萄糖耐受度試驗(OGTT)可以得知身體吸收與清除葡萄糖的能力。此研究的目的為探討高中棒球選手於短期離心性運動與平時訓練其肌肉損傷程度與GT之間的關係。受試者從事三天的離心性運動包括蹲舉30磅與一百公尺下坡跑,離心性運動前、後各測一次OGTT,經三天後測空腹時血清的肌酸激酶(CK)。測OGTT與CK,。由結果得知,年輕的棒球選手(N=21,16±0.11歲)從事三天的離心性運動後的肌酸激酶明顯高於平時訓練時,離心性運動後造成肌肉的損傷程度明顯高於平時訓練時(p<0.05)。由OGTT的結果發現,短期離心性運動後的第30、50、80分鐘的平均血糖明顯高於平時訓練的平均血糖,故短期離心性運動的GT明顯比平時訓練較差(p<0.05)。本研究的結論為年輕的運動員從事短期離心性運動會使肌纖維的損傷程度更嚴重,短期的離心性運動會降低葡萄糖耐受度。因此,離心性運動可能為抗胰島素現象的危險因子之一。
Eccentric exercise causes muscle damage and decreased muscle glycogen and glucose transporter isoform (GLUT-4) protein content in rats. Meanwhile unaccustomed eccentric exercise (EC) decreases whole-body insulin action in humans. Glucose tolerance (GT) is highly associated with insulin sensitivity. Impaired GT is caused by detrimental insulin sensitivity. Oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) represents the levels of disposal blood glucose in individual. The purpose of the study was. to compare the effect of short term of EC and regular baseball training (T) on the level of muscle damage and GT. After 10 days off regular training, 21 subjects(16±0.11 years) performed 3 days of EC which included 30-pound crouch and 100-meter down-hill running. Resting 3 days, subjects continued 17-day RBT. Serum creatine kinase (CK) , the index of muscle damage, peaked high in 48-hour after exercise. Abdominal CK and OGTT were held at pre-EC, post-EC and post-RBT. Our data show that CK of post-EC was significantly higher than CK of post-T(p<0.05). The level of muscle damage is obviously more serious in the situation of post-EC than that of post-T. The results of OGTT show the average blood glucose in the 30th ,50th and 80th of post-EC are significantly higher than those of post-T(p<0.05). Comparing to GT of post-T, GT significantly decreased after short term of EC. We conclude that young baseball athletes performed short term of EC impair the level of muscle damage rather than T does. The impaired damage resembles in GT followed EC. EC might be one of risk factors caused insulin resistance phenomenon.
目 錄
第壹章 緒論
第一節 問題背景…………………………………………………………1
第二節 研究目的…………………………………………………………2
第三節 研究限制…………………………………………………………3
第四節 名詞解釋…………………………………………………………3
第貳章 文獻探討
第一節 醣類能源對運動競技的重要性…………………………………5
第二節 身體活動與抗胰島素現象………………………………………6
第三節 運動在第二類型糖尿病之預防效果……………………………7
第四節 骨骼肌型態對葡萄糖耐受度之影響……………………………8
第五節 運動型態之特殊性對葡萄糖耐受度之影響……………………9
第參章 研究方法與實驗步驟
第一節 受試對象…………………………………………………………11
第二節 實驗步驟…………………………………………………………11
第三節 統計方法…………………………………………………………13
第肆章 結果
第一節 身體組成…………………………………………………………14
第二節 高中棒球選手於短期離性運動與平時訓練其肌酸激酶的 差異………………………………………………………………17
第三節 高中棒球選手於短期離性運動與平時訓練其身體吸收葡萄糖的能力差異…………………………………………………………20
第四節 BMI與平時訓練,離心性運動後,進行OGTT50分鐘時間點的平均血糖濃度之相關…………………………………………………23
第伍章 討論
第一節 肌酸激酶的數值反應訓練的程度 ………………………………26
第二節 短期離心性運動對於葡萄糖耐受度的重要影響 ………………26
第陸章 結論………………………………………………………………… 28 參考文獻……………………………………………………………………… 29
附錄
附錄一 人體試驗同意書……………………………………………………32
附錄二 受試者自願參與同意書……………………………………………33
圖表目錄
表一、21位高中棒球選手的身體組成之各項數值…………………………16
圖一、離心運動後、平時訓練兩者分別與離心運動前的平均肌酸激酶濃度比較……………………………………………………………………………18
表二、離心運動前、離心運動後與平時訓練的平均肌酸激酶濃度………19
圖二、受試者從事離心運動前與離心運動後的平均血糖濃度的比較………………………………………………………………………………21
表三、離心運動前、離心運動後與平時訓練的OGTT於各時間點的平均血糖濃度……………………………………………………………………………24
圖四、BMI與離心運動後OGTT第50分鐘的平均血糖濃度之迴歸線性圖………………………………………………………………………………25
圖五、BMI與平時訓練OGTT第50分鐘的平均血糖濃度之回歸線性圖… 28
張偉胤(2000)碩士論文:舉重選手之訓練對其體組成、細胞損傷及體內抗氧化狀態之影響。
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