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研究生:陳智明
論文名稱:不同的游泳訓練方式對於大學游泳選手身體葡萄糖吸收能力之影響
論文名稱(外文):Effects of different swimming trainings on gluose uptake in college athletes
指導教授:郭家驊郭家驊引用關係周建智周建智引用關係周適偉周適偉引用關係
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:臺北巿立體育學院
系所名稱:運動科學研究所
學門:民生學門
學類:運動科技學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2003
畢業學年度:91
語文別:中文
論文頁數:52
中文關鍵詞:葡萄糖吸收能力游泳訓練重量訓練
相關次數:
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  • 下載下載:160
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本研究的目的在於探討不同的游泳訓練方式對於大學游泳選手身體葡萄糖吸收能力的影響。受試者在單次游泳訓練及重量訓練結束後一小時、一個月的游泳訓練及游泳附加重量訓練結束後24小時以及比賽後分別進行口服葡萄糖耐受度測驗。研究結果顯示一個月的游泳訓練對於身體葡萄糖吸收能力可產生顯著的改善效果,但是一個月的游泳附加重量訓練卻未有明顯的影響。單次重量訓練對於身體葡萄糖吸收能力所產生的立即效應,比更加具有影響,但其持續效應並不超過24小時。其中值得我們注意的是游泳附加重量訓練後血液中CK濃度比訓練前增加高達15倍之多,此結果說明游泳附加重量訓練可能導致肌纖維的損傷。另外,比賽後OGTT測驗之30和50分鐘的血糖值與BMI 均達顯著相關。結論:本研究發現運動訓練的型態對於改善身體葡萄糖吸收能力可視為重要的決定因素之一,而且身體葡萄糖吸收能力也與體重具有關連。
關鍵詞:葡萄糖吸收能力, 游泳訓練, 重量訓練
Previous study suggests that improvement in muscle glucose uptake is associated with exercise intensity or the number of muscle fiber recruitment during training. The current study investigated effect of swimming training and swimming plus resistance training on glycemic control in college athletes. The training and effect on glucose tolerance was evaluated 24HR after the last exercise bout of the one-month training. Although both training did not alter the fasting glucose level, both training regimens significantly lowered the blood glucose concentration under oral glucose challenge condition. Swimming training alone exhibited a better effect on improving glucose tolerance than swimming plus resistance training. Acute swimming plus resistance training dramatically elevated the blood creatine kinase level by 15-fold. This result implicates that the training regimen led to damage on exercised muscles On the other hand, we also found a significant correlation between their BMI and blood glucose level at 50 min of OGTT. In conclusion, type of exercise training appears to be an important determinant on the effect of glycemic control improvements. The whole bogy glucose uptake is also associated with the degree of overweight in these young subjects.
Key words:glycemic control, swimming, resistance training
中文摘要……………………………………………………………Ι
英文摘要……………………………………………………………II
第一章、 緒論………………………………………………………1
第一節、 問題背景………………………………………………1
第二節、 研究目的………………………………………………2
第二章、 相關文獻探討……………………………………………3
第一節、 運動可提昇身體的胰島素敏感度與葡萄糖耐受度…4
第二節、運動訓練對於胰島素敏感度與肌肉葡萄糖吸收能力
的效應…………………………………………………6
第三章、 研究方法…………………………………………………15
第一節、 研究對象………………………………………………15
第二節、 實驗步驟………………………………………………15
第三節、 統計方法………………………………………………19
第四章、 結果與討論………………………………………………20
第五章、 結論與建議………………………………………………32
參考文獻……………………………………………………………33
附錄
附錄一、人體試驗同意書…………………………………………45
附錄二、受試者自願參與同意書…………………………………48
附錄三、重量訓練實施內容………………………………………49
附錄四、游泳訓練基本資料一……………………………………51
附錄五、游泳訓練基本資料二……………………………………52
附錄六、重量訓練附加游泳訓練基本資料………………………53
圖目錄
圖一、第一階段重量訓練附加游泳訓練之甘特圖…………………17
圖二、第二階段早上游1000m附下午游泳訓練之甘特圖………18
圖三、受試者從事單次及一個月的游泳訓練後身體葡萄糖吸收能力之比較……………………………………………………………22
圖四、受試者從事單次重量訓練及一個月的游泳附加重量訓練後身體葡萄糖吸收能力之比較………………………………………23
圖五、受試者從事單次的游泳訓練及重量訓練後身體葡萄糖吸收能力之比較…………………………………………………………24
圖六、受試者從事一個月的游泳訓練及游泳附加重量訓練後口服葡萄糖耐受性之比較………………………………………………25
圖七、BMI與比賽後OGTT 30分鐘的葡萄糖濃度之迴歸線性圖…26
圖八、BMI與比賽後OGTT 50分鐘的葡萄糖濃度之迴歸線性圖…26
圖九、受試者從事單次重量訓練前與後血液中肌酸肌酶濃度之比較
…………………………………………………………………28
表目錄
表一、受試者基本資料………………………………………………20
表二、受試者單次及一個月游泳訓不同時段之葡萄糖濃度………22
表三、受試者單次重量訓練及一個月的游泳附加重量訓練不同時段之葡萄糖濃度……………………………………………………23
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