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研究生:殷振邦
研究生(外文):YIN CHENG PANG
論文名稱:無乳化劑合成功能性高分子及其應用研究
指導教授:張德全
指導教授(外文):Te-Chuan Chang
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國防大學中正理工學院
系所名稱:應用化學研究所
學門:工程學門
學類:化學工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2004
畢業學年度:92
語文別:中文
論文頁數:80
中文關鍵詞:共聚物螯合
外文關鍵詞:copolymerchelating monomerplasma
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以Glycidyl methacrylate (GMA)分別與Iminodiacetic acid (IDA)、 Diethanolamine (DEA)、Tris(hydroxylmethyl) aminomethane (Tris) 合成出具有螯合官能基的單體,簡稱GMA-IDA、GMA-DEA及GMA-Tris,再將此單體和Methylmeth acrylate (MMA)以Potassium persulfate (KPS)為起始劑,進行無乳化劑乳化聚合,所得之產物簡稱PMGI、PMGD及PMGT共聚物。並吸附金屬離子和硼酸。不同的單體含量、不同的MMA鏈段及結構,對共聚物材料動力學與熱安定性的影響,已藉由紅外線光譜儀(Infrared;IR)、13C核磁共振光譜儀(Nuclear magnetic resonance spectro-scopy)、以及熱微差掃描卡計(Differential scanning calorimetry;DSC)與熱重損失分析儀(Thermogravimetric analysis;TGA) 作深入探討;並由自旋-晶格鬆弛時間(TH1),探討共聚物的局部運動性。PMGI共聚物的TH1ρ值隨MMA的增加而減少;當銅離子加入共聚物PMGI當中,MMA鏈段的TH1ρ 值有增加的趨勢。DEA鏈段部分的熱氧化裂解活化能其趨勢為Ag(I)-PMGD65 > Ni(II)-PMGD65 > PMGD65 > Cr(III)-PMGD65 > Cu(II)-PMGD65,反之,主鏈段的熱氧化裂解活化能有增加的趨勢。吸附硼後的PMGD共聚物熱安定性較好。而PMGT共聚物的(TH1ρ)值也比吸附硼後的共聚物要來的小。另外經由抑菌實驗結果發現,銅、銀離子的抑菌效果最好。硼離子在抑菌方面的效果比金屬離子差。
GMA-IDA were synthesized chelating monomer GMA-IDA、GMA-DEA、and GMA-Tris with IDA、DEA、Tris ,respectively. PMGI PMGT PMGI were obtained from chelating monomer and MMA with the initiator (KPS). By emulsifier—free emulsion polymerization, then adsorbed metal ion and boric acid. The effects of the monomer content, different structures of MMA segments, and interfaces on the dynamics and thermal stability of the copolymer were study by IR、13C NMR、DSC、TGA. The dynamic on local mobility of the copolymers were investigated by spin-lattice relaxation time (TH1ρ) in rotating frame. TH1ρ of the IDA segments in complex (TH1ρ~6.04ms) was reduced as compared with copolymer (TH1ρ~7.49ms) while that of the MMA segments in complexes was increased. Apparent activation energy Ea of the DEA segments decreased in the order of Ag(I)-PMGD65 (52.6 kJ/mol) > Ni(II)-PMGD65 (36.4 kJ/mol) > PMGD65 (28.1 kJ/mol) > Cr(III)-PMGD65 (24.9 kJ/mol) > Cu(II)-PMGD65 (20.9 kJ/mol), whereas, the Ea of the main chains increased. After adsorbed boric acid the thermal stability of PMGT were higher then before. Ag(I)-PMGD65、Cu(II)-PMGD65 have very severe biological activity. Metal ion complex, moreover, have better antibiotic capacity compare with copolymer adsorb boron.
目 錄
誌 謝………………………………………………………………………………...ii
摘 要..........................................................................................................................iii
ABSTRACT.................................................................................................................iv
目 錄…..…………………………………………………………………………….v
表目錄………………………………………………………………………………viii
圖目錄………………………………………………………………………………..ix
1. 緒 論 …………………………………………………………………………...1
1.1 前言 1
1.2 研究目的…………………………………………………....………………2
1.3 研究方法與原理…………………………………………….……………...4
1.3.1 結構鑑定分析…………………………………………….……...….4
1.3.2 13C與1H交叉極化動力學分析……………….…………………….4
1.3.3 1H自旋-晶格鬆弛時間分析…………..…………………..………....6
1.3.4 共聚物熱裂解動力學分析 ….….………..……………….…...…...7
1.3.5 抗菌性和滅菌原理…....……………………...….. .……….…...…..8
2. 實 驗…………………………………………………………..………………...10
2.1 實驗藥品………………………………………………………….……….11
2.2 實驗儀器……………………………………………………….………….12
2.3 共聚物的合成…………………………………………………….……….13
2.3.1 PMGI共聚物的合成……….….………………………….………..13
2.3.2 PMGD共聚物的合成……………...……………………….………15
2.3.3 PMGT共聚物的合成…………….……………………….………..17
2.4 鑑定分析…………………………….…………………………....……….19
2.5 抗菌性測試….………………….………………………………....………20
3. 結果與討論………………………………………………………………..…….21
3.1 PMGI共聚物性質討論……………………………………………..……...21
3.1.1材料特性分析……………………………………………….…..….21
3.1.2鏈的移動性質討論 ….……..…..………………………….…..…..24
3.1.3熱安定性分析 ………………….…………….…………….…..….28
3.2 PMGD共聚物性質討論…………………………………………….…..…32
3.2.1 材料特性分析………………………………………………...….…32
3.2.2 鏈的移動性質討論……………………………………….…..…....34
3.2.3 熱安定性分析……………………………………………………...38
3.2.4 抗菌性測試………………………………………………..….…...43
3.3 PMGT共聚物性質討論…………………………………………..……....48
3.3.1 材料特性分析……………………………….…………..………...48
3.3.2 鏈的移動性質討論…………..……...………………….…..……..51
3.3.3 熱安定性分析.…………………………………………………….55
3.3.4 抗菌性測試…………………………….…….….………...……… 62
4. 未來展望…………….…………………………………………………...………65
5. 結論………………………………………………………………………………68
5.1 PMGI共聚物部分…………………………………………..…….……...…68
5.2 PMGD共聚物部分…………………………………………….…….……..68
5.3 PMGT共聚物部分………………………………….…………...………….69
參 考 文 獻…………………………………………….………………………70
論 文 發 表…………………………………………………………………….79
自 傳…………………………………………………………………………..…...80
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