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研究生:蔡昇奮
研究生(外文):Sheng Fen Tsai
論文名稱:N-2-(vinylbenzylamino)-ethyl-3-aminopropyltrimethoxysilane水解配方最適條件研究
論文名稱(外文):The study of Hydrolysis Optimal condition of N-2-(vinylbenzylamino)-ethyl-3-aminopropyltrimethoxysilane
指導教授:蔣見超
指導教授(外文):Raymond Chien Chao Tsiang
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中正大學
系所名稱:化學工程研究所
學門:工程學門
學類:化學工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2004
畢業學年度:92
語文別:中文
論文頁數:80
中文關鍵詞:矽烷偶合劑玻璃纖維布水解
外文關鍵詞:Silane coupling agentglass clothhydrolysis
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搭載於電腦及各種機器的印刷電路板,是以單面或是雙面銅箔積層板製作而成,這些銅箔積層板的種類有以紙基材含浸酚醛樹脂的紙酚醛樹脂基板,或玻璃纖維布含浸環氧樹脂、聚酯樹脂的硬質樹脂基板。
玻纖環氧樹脂基板所使用的玻璃纖維布,是以玻纖絲成束後,以平織法織成玻璃纖維布,再以矽烷偶合劑作表面處理。其主要目的是提升玻璃纖維布與環氧樹脂界面的接著強度。
矽烷偶合劑含浸處理於玻璃纖維布表面除可增強與樹脂的界面接著外,亦可提升環氧樹脂對玻纖之潤濕性,使樹脂易於滲入紗束內部,提升積層板耐熱性、降低吸水率、改善尺寸安定性及維持玻璃纖維電氣特性。
矽烷偶合劑欲塗佈於玻璃纖維表面時,需先將烷氧基水解成氫氧基後,方能與玻纖表面之氫氧基形成共價鍵結。Dr. Peter Jenkner等人以1H-NMR及29Si-NMR對矽烷偶合劑水解機構有深入探討。影響矽烷偶合劑水解反應之因素有:溫度、PH值、酸種類、有無攪拌、矽烷偶合劑濃度、矽烷偶合劑種類、偶合時間等。
本篇研究,乃以美國道康寧公司之N-2-(vinylbenzylamino)-ethyl-3-aminopropyltrimethoxysilane(Z-6032),採用田口實驗計劃法,設定四因素三水準,並以核磁共振光譜(29Si-NMR-Spectroscopic)分析為量測特性,偵測Z-6032預水解後D-structure及T-structure之相對含量,藉由各因素及水準的變化,找出預水解液組成中D-structures相對含量最大之最適條件。並將所得預水解液經二次水解後塗佈於玻璃纖維上,經與環氧樹脂微滴結合後,再以微滴拉出試驗法驗證鍵結強度差異。

The printed circuit board equipped in computers and various type of mechanism is made from single-face or double-face copper clad laminate, which includes the following types: (1) phenolic copper clad laminate made from paper substrate/ phenolic resin; (2) hard copper clad laminate made from glass cloth impregnated with epoxy resin and polyester resin.
The glass cloth, which is used in the glass fiber epoxy copper clad laminate, adopts plain weave after being bound into glass yarn, and then use silane coupling agent to conduct surface treatment. The main purpose is to increase adhesion of glass cloth and epoxy interface.
The surface of glass cloth impregnated with silane coupling agent will increase not only the interface adhesion with resin, but also the permeability of epoxy resin into glass yarn. In addition, it will increase laminate heat resistance, reduce moisture absorption rate, improve dimensional stability and stabilize the electronic characteristic of glass fiber.
It is necessary to hydrolyze alkoxy groups into hydroxide groups before the silane coupling agent is coated on the surface of glass cloth. Then the hydroxide groups will form covalent bonds with the surface’s hydroxide groups. The hydrolysis reaction of silane coupling agent is influenced by the following factors: PH value, acid type, grade of stirring, concentration of silane coupling agent, type of silane coupling agent, aging time and etc.
The hydrolysis of Dow Corning’s N-2-(vinylbenzylamino)- ethyl-3-aminopropyltrimethoxysilane(Z-6032) was studied using The Taguchi Method by setting up four factors and three levels. Nucleus magnetism resonance spectroscopic analysis (29Si-NMR-Spectroscopic analysis) was used to measure the relative quantity of D-structure and T-structure in first hydrolysis of Z-6032. After changing various factors and levels, the optimum conditions for the maximum relative quantity of D-structures in the first hydrolysis was figured out. The second hydrolysis solution was then coated on the glass fiber, and the micro-bond pulling out test was conducted to verify the change in bond strength due to the combination with epoxy resin micro drops.

目錄……………………………………………………………………Ⅰ
中文摘要………………………………………………………………Ⅳ
英文摘要………………………………………………………………Ⅴ
圖目錄…………………………………………………………………Ⅶ
表目錄…………………………………………………………………Ⅹ
誌謝………………………………………………………………………ⅩI
第一章 緒論
1. 1 簡介………………………………………………………… 1
1. 2 玻纖布製程………………………………………………… 3
1.2.1 原料………………………………………………… 3
1.2.2 製程………………………………………………… 3
1.2.3 常用玻纖布規格介紹……………………………… 5
1.2.4 玻纖布之特殊要求………………………………… 5
1.3 矽烷偶合劑在其它工業上的應用………………………… 7
1.3.1 玻璃纖維處理用途………………………………… 7
1.3.2 金屬表面用途……………………………………… 8
1.3.3 無機粉體處理用途………………………………… 9
1.3.4 塑膠添加用途……………………………………… 9
1.4 文獻回顧……………………………………………………11
1.4.1 Silane的化學結構…………………………………11
1.4.2 Silane對表面應用之型式………………………..11
1.4.3 Silane水溶液之溶解度及安定性………………..13
1.4.4 影響矽烷偶合劑水解反應機構的因素……………16
1.5 研究目的與動機……………………………………………23
1.6 實驗架構與研究綱要………………………………………24
第二章 理論介紹
2.1 Silane分子的合成反應………………………………………25
2.2 Silane水解程序………………………………………………26
2.3 Silane與無機物介面之化學作用……………………………27
2.4 Silane與Epoxy resin之化學作用……………………………29
2.5 田口實驗計劃法…………………………………………………30
第三章 實驗與儀器分析
3.1 實驗材料………………………………………………………38
3.2 儀器設備………………………………………………………39
3.3 Silane預水解液配製………………………………………40
3.4 處理液配製……………………………………………………43
3.5 玻璃纖維樹脂微滴製作………………………………………46
3.6 微滴脫鍵強度測試……………………………………………47
3.7 玻纖布面矽烷偶合劑物理吸附量比較………………………49
第四章 結果與討論
4.1 Silane預水解液田口實驗分析………………………………..50
4.1.1 望大特性分析D-structures相對含量最大之最適條件50
4.1.2 望大特性分析T-structures相對含量最大之最適條件57
4.2 Silane處理液田口實驗分析……………………………………62
4.2.1 樹脂聚合條件設定………………………………………62
4.2.2 微滴脫鍵強度測試………………………………………65
4.2.3 處理液田口實驗結果……………………………………68
4.3 玻纖布面矽烷偶合劑物理吸附量比較…………………………72
第五章 結論………………………………………………………………75
參考文獻……………………………………………………………………78

參考文獻
1. E. P. Plueddemann, Silane Coupling Agents, Plenum Press, New York, 2nd edition, 1991
2. K. L. Mittal, Silanes and Other Coupling Agents, PP.91-104, The Netherlands, 1992
3. K. L. Mittal, Silanes and Other Coupling Agents, PP.105-116, The Netherlands, 1992
4. K. L. Mittal, Silanes and Other Coupling Agents, PP.119-141, The Netherlands, 1992
5. K. L. Mittal, Silanes and Other Coupling Agents, PP.143-157, The Netherlands, 1992
6. K. L. Mittal, Silanes and Other Coupling Agents, PP.159-179, The Netherlands, 1992
7. K. L. Mittal, Silanes and Other Coupling Agents, PP.181-198, The Netherlands, 1992
8. K. L. Mittal, Silanes and Other Coupling Agents, PP.229-240, The Netherlands, 1992
9. M. Brand, A. Frings, P. Jenkner, R. Lehners, H. J. Metternich, J. Monkeiwicz, J. Schram, NMR-Spectroscopic Investigations on the Hydrolysis of Functional Trialkoxysilanes, Zeitung fur Nattrforschung 54b, 155-164, 1999
10. F. Beari, M. Brand, P. Jendner, R. Lehnert, H. J. Metternich, J. Monkiewicz, H. W. Siesler, Organofunctional Alkoxysilanes in Dilute Aqueous Solution: New Accounts on the Dynamic Structural Mutability, 1999
11. A. K. Rastogi, J. P. Rynd, W. N. Stassen, Investigations of Glass Fiber Surface Chemistry, section 6-B, 1976
12. H. Ishida, J. L. Koenig, A Fourier-Transform Infrared Spectroscopic Study of the Hydrolytic Stability of Silane Coupling Agents on E-Glass Fibers, Polymer physics Edition, Vol. 18, 1931-1943, 1980
13. K. P. Hoh, H. Ishida, J. L. Koenig, Spectroscopic Studies of the Gradient in the Silane Coupling Agent/Matrix Interface in Fiberglass-Reinforced Epoxy, Polymer Composites, Vol. 9, NO. 2, 1988
14. C. H. Chiang, H. Ishida, J. L. Koenig, The Structure of γ-Aminopropyltriethoxysilane on Glass Surfaces, Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, Vol. 74, No. 2, 1980
15. N. Nishiyama, R. Shick, H. Ishida, Adsorption Behavior of a Silane Coupling Agent on Colloidal Silica Studied by Gel Permeation Chromatography, Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, Vol. 143, No. 1, 1991
16. H. Ishida, J. L. Koenig, Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopic Study of the Structure of Silane Coupling Agent on E-Glass Fiber, Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, Vol. 64, No. 3, 1978
17. H. Ishida, J. L. Koenig, Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopic Study of the Silane Coupling Agent/Porous Silica Interface, Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, Vol. 64, No. 3, 1978
18. E. P. Plueddemann, Aqueous Solutions of Organoalkoxysilanes, Section 19-A, 1969
19. 陳銳, 令狐弘仁, 複合材料所用之矽烷偶合劑, 電路板資訊第二十八期, 67-74
20. 白蓉生, 電路板製程細說, 電路板資訊第五十二期, 97-106
21. 趙坤城, 矽烷偶合劑的開發, 高分子工業, 69-73
22. 徐明琦, 矽烷系偶合劑原理與應用,高分子工業, 50-54
23. 電子材料產品簡介, 南亞塑膠工業股份有限公司總經理室, 89年
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25.蘇朝墩, 品質工程, 中華民國品質學會, 91年

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