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研究生:賴炤銘
研究生(外文):Chao- Ming Lai
論文名稱:奈米材料的製備、結構與性能的探討
論文名稱(外文):Nanomaterials─Fabrication,Structure and Special Effects
指導教授:李錫隆李錫隆引用關係
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中正大學
系所名稱:化學研究所
學門:自然科學學門
學類:化學學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2004
畢業學年度:92
語文別:中文
論文頁數:138
中文關鍵詞:小尺寸效應表面效應量子尺寸效應巨觀量子穿隧效應
外文關鍵詞:small scale effectsurface effectquantum scale effectmacroscopic quantum tunneling effect
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奈米材料具有尺寸極小的優點,由於其結構的特殊性,使奈米材料可表現出表面效應,小尺寸效應,量子尺寸效應和巨觀量子穿隧效應等特殊效應,使奈米材料的性質不同於一般材料的物理與化學性質,使奈米材料出現許多不同於傳統材料的獨特性能,其電,磁,熱,光等性能得到進一步優化,在本論文中將以已經發展出來的奈米材料的物理與化學性質加以回顧性的描述,並回顧性地探討奈米材料的性能,由於奈米材料具有尺寸極小的優點及不同於一般材料的物理與化學性質,所以當奈米材料正式被生產與應用時,對高科技產業界,甚至對於每個人的生活都會產生極大的衝擊,各種奈米複合材料會被運用於各式原料上,產生顆粒更小、張力更大、韌性更強的奈米材料,進而應用至各式各樣的產品,來提振21世紀的世界經濟,所以奈米材料將在未來新材料上充當重要角色。而現有的用品也均將因奈米材料的應用而產生無與倫比的改進,豐富人類的生活,至於環境的污染及能源的消耗,更可因之減少。
With very small scales and special structures, nanometer materials bring about many special effects -- surface effect, small scale effect, quantum scale effect, and macroscopic quantum tunneling effect. Chemical and physical properties of nanometer materials, totally different from traditional materials, are extraordinary and unique. For example -- electric, magnetic, thermal, and optical properties of nanometer materials are better than those of traditional materials. Nanometer materials must play the most important role on the development of new materials.
This thesis mainly reviews the chemical and physical properties of nanometer materials which have been developed. When nanometer materials formally generated and applied, they must have great influence on high-tech industry, and everybody’s life. Nowadays products will be improved by the application of nanometer materials. Circumstance pollutions and energy assumption will be reduced. People’s life is getting richer and richer.
目 錄
第一章 緒論 1
第一節 研究動機 1
第二節 奈米材料的發展歷史 13
第三節 論文方法與論文架構 23
第二章 奈米材料的基本結構單元與製備方法 25
第一節 奈米材料的結構單元 25
2.1.1 原子團簇(atom cluster) 26
2.1.2 奈米顆粒(nano particle) 28
2.1.3 人造原子(artificial atom) 29
2.1.4 量子井,量子線,量子繩 32
2.1.5 奈米碳管(carbon nanotube) 35
2.1.6 奈米薄膜與奈米塗層 36
第二節 奈米材料的製備方法 38
2.2.1 奈米粒子的化學合成理論與技術 39
2.2.2 奈米材料蒸鍍技術 43
2.2.3 製備奈米粒子的物理方法 45
2.2.4 奈米絲,奈米線,奈米棒的生成技術 47
第三章 奈米材料的微觀結構與特殊性能 51
第一節 奈米材料的微觀結構 51
3.1.1 晶界結構 51
3.1.2 晶粒結構 52
3.1.3 結構穩定性 53
3.1.4 奈米固體材料的界面結構模型 55
第二節 奈米材料的特殊性能 59
3.2.1 表面效應 63
3.2.2 小尺寸效應 64
3.2.3 量子尺寸效應與巨觀量子穿隧效應 73
第四章 奈米材料的應用及其前景 79
第一節 奈米材料在高科技中的地位 79
第二節 陶瓷方面的應用 84
第三節 磁性材料 86
4.3.1 磁性材料 86
4.3.2 新型的磁性液體和磁記錄材料 87
第四節 在化工方面的應用 94
第五節 光學應用 96
第六節 在醫學方面的應用 100
第七節 其它方面的應用 102
第五章 台灣目前在奈米材料方面的發展 107
第一節 學術界發展奈米科技的現狀 109
第二節 工業界發展奈米科技的現狀 115
第六章 結論與未來研究方向 122
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