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研究生:鄭卜銘
研究生(外文):PO-MING CHENG
論文名稱:大白鼠上頸神經節之連結
論文名稱(外文):Connections of the Rat Superior Cervical Ganglion
指導教授:王豐彬
指導教授(外文):Feng-Bin Wang
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中正大學
系所名稱:心理學研究所
學門:社會及行為科學學門
學類:心理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2003
畢業學年度:92
語文別:英文
論文頁數:39
中文關鍵詞:上頸神經節中頸前神經節
外文關鍵詞:superior cervical ganglionpre-middle cervical ganglion
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上頸神經節(superior cervical ganglion)是連結頭頸部區域的一個交感神經節後神經轉接站。過去每當我們注射神經追蹤劑(WGA-HRP)進入上頸神經節後,總是會標記到位於腦幹與頸部交感神經幹(cervical sympathetic trunk)的運動神經元。為了探索並獲得這些神經元聯結的分佈細節與型式,我們注射WGA-HRP到上頸神經節,並且製備包含上、中、下頸神經節與頸部交感神經幹等完整的周邊神經組織。在雙側頸部交感神經幹中,神經元沿著整條神經幹分佈,並有一群神經元在右側中頸神經節與左側下頸神經節前方,聚集形成類似神經節的膨脹物。此外,這類似神經節的膨大物有左右不對稱的側化現象,左側明顯比右側大。我們將這兩個新發現的神經元聚集命名為「中頸前神經節」(pre-middle cervical ganglion),在檢視交感神經幹中神經纖維的生理作用或影響時,它們的存在應該受到重視。在中樞神經系統部份,上頸部神經節的節前神經元的分布,是以系統性的方式,從腦幹到脊髓的切片來檢查。結果顯示,所標記到的神經元是位於從第一頸椎到第四頸椎、從第一胸椎到第四胸椎、以及橋腦裡的中間網狀神經核(intermediate reticular nuclei)和前顏面神經區(P7)。橋腦裡的分怖位在前囪 -10.0 mm到-11.0 mm的區間,而非-15.0 mm的位置;在脊髓的分怖資料則與文獻所述一致。

Superior cervical ganglion (SCG) is a sympathetic postganglionic station that projects to the head and neck areas. Our injection of neural tracer, wheat germ agglutinin-horseradish peroxidase (WGA-HRP), into the SCG had been labeled the motor neurons in the brainstem and the cervical sympathetic trunk (CST). To get the distribution details and pattern of these neurons, we injected WGA-HRP to the SCG and prepared peripherally the whole mount of the SCG, CST, medial cervical ganglion, and inferior cervical ganglion. On both sides, neurons are distributed alongside the CST and group together as one single ganglion-like cluster near the rostral medial cervical ganglion of the right side and the rostral inferior cervical ganglion of the left side. Moreover, this cluster has the pattern of asymmetrical lateralization with larger size on the left side. We termed these newly identified neuronal clusters as “pre-middle cervical ganglia”, which should not be excluded in any physiological examination to the fibers in the sympathetic trunk. Centrally, the distribution of the preganglionic neurons of the SCG was examined by systematical sections of the brainstem and spinal cord. Neurons were labeled in the cervical spinal cord ranging from C1 to C4 and from T1 to T4, and in the intermediate reticular nuclei and perifacial zone of the pons. In the pons, it was located from Bregma -10.0 mm to -11.0 mm rather than -15.0 mm. The spinal distribution was consistent with the description in the literature.

TABLE OF CONTENTS
TABLE OF CONTENTS..................................iv
ABSTRACT...........................................vi
INTRODUCTION........................................1
MATERIALS AND METHODS...............................9
RESULT.............................................13
DISCUSSION.........................................21
REFERENCE..........................................26
APPENDIX...........................................36

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