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研究生:謝沛諭
研究生(外文):Peggy Pei-Yu Hsieh
論文名稱:台灣話聲調的變化
論文名稱(外文):Variation in Taiwanese Tones
指導教授:蔡素娟蔡素娟引用關係
指導教授(外文):Jane Tsay
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中正大學
系所名稱:語言學研究所
學門:人文學門
學類:語言學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2004
畢業學年度:92
語文別:英文
論文頁數:71
中文關鍵詞:韻律作用語尾下降聲調作用
外文關鍵詞:prosodic effectsfinal lowering effectstonal effectstonal coarticulation
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In laboratory research on tonal coarticulation in Taiwanese, one study (Lin, 1988)) reported a perseveratory effect but no anticipatory effect, while another two (Peng, 1993, 1997) found a significant anticipatory effect. Peng (1993, 1997) also found tonal variation due to prosodic positions. Unlike these previous laboratory studies, this study investigates tonal coarticulation and prosodic effects in Taiwanese tones using natural conversations from the Taiwanese Spoken Corpus (Tsay and Myers, 2004), of which fifty-six minutes of recorded conversations were analyzed.
Regarding tonal coarticulation, consistent with Lin (1988), the results showed that the perseveratory effect was found in three target tones: high tone, mid tone and low tone. The effect is assimilatory in nature. A tone with high F0 raises the following tone and a tone with lower F0 lowers the following tone. The F0 range of the target tone is affected by different preceding tone. The tonal slopes of the target tone are distinct when preceded by different tones. On the other hand, the anticipatory effect was only found in mid tone. Similar to the perseveratory effect, the anticipatory effect is also assimilatory. When the following tone is with higher F0, the target tone becomes higher; when the following tone is with lower F0, the target tone becomes lower. The F0 height and slope of the target tone is also affected by the following tone. Therefore, in the case of mid tone, the tonal coarticulation is bidirectional and symmetrical.
As for prosodic effects, the results confirmed Peng (1993, 1997), showing that F0 is the lowest in utterance-final position, while in other phrase-final position it is slightly lower than in non-phrase-final position.
This study thus demonstrates the results obtained in the laboratory do indeed carry over into actual conversation.
Chapter 1 Introduction……………………………………………………………………………..1
1.1 Variation in Taiwanese tones………………………………………………………...…….1
1.2 Tonal effects……………………………………………………………………………….2
1.2.1 Perseveratory effect…………………………………………………………………2
1.2.2 Anticipatory effect…………………………………………………………………..4
1.2.3 Symmetrical and bidirectional effect………………………………………………..6
1.3 Prosodic effects………………………………………………………………………..…..6
1.4 Goals of this study………………………………………………………………………...8
Chapter 2 Methodology…………………………………………………………………………..10
2.1 Introduction………………………………………………………………………………10
2.2 Background……………………………………………………………………………...10
2.1.1 Taiwanese tone inventory…………………………………………………………..11
2.1.2 Taiwanese tone sandhi……………………………………………………………..12
2.1.3 Tone group…………………………………………………………………………14
2.3 Tonal effects……………………………………………………………………………...17
2.4 Prosodic effects………………………………………………………………….………19
2.5 Data ……..………………………………………………………………………………21
2.5.1 Source of data……………………………………………………………………...21
2.5.2 Preparation for acoustic measurements…………………………………..………..22
2.5.2.1 Data-input
2.5.2.2 Tone group segmentation
2.5.2.3 F0 measurement
2.5.2.4 Data points
2.6 Acoustic measurements……………………………………………………………...….26
Chapter 3 Tonal effects………….………………………………………………………………..27
3.1 Introduction……….……………………………………………………………………...27
3.2 Perseveratory effect……………………………………………………………………...28
3.2.1 Results…………………………………………………………………………...28
3.2.2 Summary..…………………………………………….…………………………33
3.3 Anticipatory effect………………………………………………………………………34
3.3.1 Results…………………………………………………………………………...34
3.3.2 Summary…………………………………………………………………………39
3.4 Discussion………………………………………………………………….…..………...39
Chapter 4 Prosodic effects……………..………………………………………………………..43
4.1 Introduction……………………………………………………………………………43
4.2 Phrase-final and non-phrase-final position……………………………………………43
4.2.1 Results……………………………………………………………………………44
4.2.2 Summary…………………………………………………………………………49
4.3 Utterance-final and non-utterance-final position……………………………………...50
4.3.1 Results……………………………………………………………………………50
4.3.2 Summary…………………………………………………………………………56
4.4 Discussion……………………………………………………………………………..56
Chapter 5 General discussion and conclusion………………………………………………….60
5.1 Summary………………………………………………………………………………60
5.2 General discussion…………………………………………………………………….62
5.3 Conclusion and future research……………………………………………………….64
Reference………………………………………………………………………………………....65
Appendix………………………………………………………………………………………….69
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中文書目
董忠司. 2001. 台灣閩南語辭典. 五南圖書出版公司.
陳修. 1998. 台灣話大辭典. 遠流出版公司.
李榮. 1998. 廈門方言辭典. 江蘇教育出版社.
楊秀芬. 1998. 閩南語詞彙. 教育部國語推行委員會.
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