跳到主要內容

臺灣博碩士論文加值系統

(44.201.97.0) 您好!臺灣時間:2024/04/17 22:27
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果 :::

詳目顯示

: 
twitterline
研究生:陳建宏
論文名稱:台灣東部地震定位與大地應力場
指導教授:陳朝輝陳朝輝引用關係
指導教授(外文):Chau-Huei Chen
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中正大學
系所名稱:應用地球物理研究所
學門:自然科學學門
學類:地球科學學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2004
畢業學年度:92
語文別:中文
論文頁數:63
中文關鍵詞:台灣東部地震重新定位大地應力
外文關鍵詞:East Taiwanearthquake relocationStress
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:2
  • 點閱點閱:357
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:48
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:2
本研究利用中央氣象局即時觀測網(CWBSN)所收錄到自1991年1月至2003年6月之台灣東部的地震資料。將研究範圍區分為15個區域,反演各區大地應力分佈狀態與地震重新定位。為了在大範圍下處理目標區內數目眾多的地震,並得到高解析度的地震位置,本研究利用雙差分地震定位法,將地震重新定位。結合應力反演所得到的最大、最小主應力參數與最適斷層面解並地震重新定位之結果,探討東部複雜地體構造與板塊運動機制。
研究結果顯示台灣東部大地應力狀態仍是以西北-東南(NW-SE)向為主,反映出菲律賓海板塊向西北隱沒入歐亞大陸板塊之擠壓方向。台灣東北部淺層主要受到沖繩海槽(Okinawa trough)擴張作用所影響,深層則是反應板塊碰撞隱沒的作用;花蓮附近應力狀態複雜,研究結果仍難以明瞭此區構造形貌。中央山脈地質區內呈現多處正斷層形式機制,且最小主應力軸(S3)位態一致,顯示此區受一尚未明瞭之構造所主導。花東縱谷斷層區呈現高角度的逆衝斷層形式與集中的地震分佈,縱谷帶東側研究區之最適斷層面顯示左移斜逆斷層型式,與板塊滑動方向有關,但重新定位之結果並無一明顯之碰撞界面。東南外海之研究區內定位後之地震位在海底火山脊的構造延伸線上,仍舊顯示出板塊間的相對運動。
目 錄
目錄 ……………………………………………… 壹
圖目 ……………………………………………… 貳
表目 ……………………………………………… 肆
第一章 緒 論
1.1 研究動機 ……………………………………… 1
1.2 資料來源 ……………………………………… 1
1.3 文獻探討 ……………………………………… 2
1.3.1地質概況 ………………………………....…… 2
1.3.2地震定位 ……………………………………… 3
1.3.3大地應力 ……………………………………… 4
第二章 研究原理與方法
2.1 地震重新定位 ………………………………… 11
2.2 大地應力計算 ………………………………… 14
第三章 資料處理與分析
3.1 資料來源與研究區域劃分 …………………… 16
3.2 參數的選擇 ………………………………..… 16
3.2.1大地應力參數 ………………………….…… 16
3.2.2地震重新定位參數 …………………….…… 17
第四章 結果與討論
4.1 各研究區域結果討論 ………………………… 27
第五章 結論 ……………………….…….… 57
參考文獻 ……………………………………….....… 59
Aki, K. and Richards, P., 1980. Quantitative Seismology: Theory and Methods, volume1.W. H. Freeman and Co.

Alice, S., Ales, S., Vaclav, H., and Jiri, V., 2000. How the state of stress varies in the Wadati-Benioff zone: indications from focal mechanisms in the Wadati-Benioff zone beneath Sumatra and Java, Geophysics Journal Internation, VOL.143, 909-930

Andrew, J.M., 1984. Determination Of Stress From Slip Data: Faults And Folds ,Journal Of Geophysical Research, VOL.89, NO.B13, 11517-11526

Angelier, J., 1984. Techtonic Analysis Of Fault Slip Data Sets Journal Of Geophysical Research, VOL.89, NO.B7, 5835-5848

Angelier, J., Kao, H. 1999. Inversion of focal mechanisms of relocated earthquakes and regional seismotectonic fields in and around Taiwan, extended abstract, 4th France—Taiwan Symposium, Montpellier, pp. 203—206.

Angelier, J., Bergerat, F., Chu, H.T., and Lee, T.Q., 1990. Tectonic analysis and the evolution of a curved collision belt: the Hsuehshan range, northern Taiwan. Tectonophysics, 183,77-96

Angelier, J., Barrier, E., and Chu, H.T., 1986. Plate collision and paleostress trajectories in a fold-thrust belt : the foothills of Taiwan. Tectonophysics, 125, 161-178

Armijo, R., Carey, E., And Cisternas, A., 1982. The Inverse Problem In Microtectonics And The Separation Of Tectonic Phases , Tectonophysics, 82, 145-160

Barrier, E., and Angelier, J., 1986. Active collision in eastern Taiwan: the coastal range. Tectonophysics, VOL.125, 39-72

Douglas, A. (1967) Joint epicenter determination. Nature, 215, 47-48

Barrier, E, Angelier, J. Active collision in eastern Taiwan: The Coastal Range, Tectonophysics, Volume 125, Issues 1-3, 1 May 1986, Pages 39-72

Efron B, Tibshirani R. 1986. Bootstrap methods for standard errors, confidence intervals and other measures of statistical accuracy. Statistical Science 1, 1: 54-77.

Frohlich, C. (1979) An efficient method for joint hypocenter determination for largegroups of earthquakes. Comput. Geosci. , 5,387-389.


Gephart, J.W., and Forsyth, D.W., 1984. An improved method for determining the regional stress tensor using earthquake focal mechanism data: Application to the San Fernando earthquake sequence, Journal Of Geophysical Research, VOL.89, 9305-9320

Geiger, L. (1910). Herdbestimmung bei Erdbeben aus den Ankunftszeiten. Nachrichten von der Kniglichen Gesellschaft der Wissenschaften zu Gttingen, Mathematisch-Physikalische Klasse, 331-349.

Hori, T., and Kaneda, Y., 2001. A simple explanation for occurrence of the 1911 Morgan Hill earthquake in the stress shadow of the 1906 San Francisco earthquake, Journal Of Geophysical Research,Vol.28, No.11, 2261-2264

Horiuchi, S., Russo, G., and Hasegawa, A., 1995. Discrimination of fault planes from auxiliary planes based on simultaneous determinaton of stress tensor and a large number of fault plane solutions, Journal Of Geophysical Research, VOL.100, 8327-8338

John, W.G., 1990. FMSI: A Fortran Program For Inverting Fault / Slickenside And Earthquake Focal Mechanism Data To Obtain The Regional Stress Tensor, Computers & Geosciences Vol.16, No.7, 953-989

John, W.G., And Donald, W.F., 1984. An Improved Method for Determining the Regional Stress Tensor Using Earthquake Focal Mechanism Data: Application to the San Fernando Earthquake Sequence, Journal Of Geophysical Research, VOL.89, NO.B11, 9305-9320

Kao, H. ,Jian, P.-R., 2001. Seismogenic patterns in the Taiwan region: insights from source parameter inversion of BATS data. Tectonophsics, 333, pp. 179-198

Kao, H., Shen, S.J. and Ma, K.-F., 1998. Transition from oblique subduction to collision: Earthquakes in the southernmost Ryukyu arc—Taiwan region. J. Geophys. Res. 103, pp. 7211—7229.

Kao, H., Jian, P.-R., Ma, K.-F., Huang, B.-S. and Liu, C.-S., 1998. Moment-tensor inversion for offshore earthquakes east of Taiwan and their implications to regional collision. Geophys. Res. Lett. 25, pp. 3619—3622.

Lee. Y.H, and Yang, C.N., 1994, Structural evolation in the Tayulin area of the Central Range: Bulletin of the Central Geological Survey, no. 9, p. 77-106

Lin, C.H., Yeh, Y.H., Yen, H.Y., Chen, K.C., Huang, B.S., Roecker, S.W., and Chiu, J.M., 1998, Three- dimensional elastic wave structure of the Hualien region of Taiwan: Evidence of active crustal exhumation:Tectonics, v. 17, p. 89-103

Lin, C.H., Yeh, Y.H. and Tsai, Y.B., 1985. Determination of regional principal stress directions on Taiwan from fault plane solution. Bull. Inst. Earth Sci., Academia Sinica, 5,67-82

Michael, A. J., Determination of stress from slip data: Faults and folds, J. Geophys. Res., 89,11,517-11,526, 1984.

Michael, A.J., 1987a. Use of focal mechanisms to determine stress: A control study. Journal Of Geophysical Research, VOL.92, 357-368

Michael, A.J., 1987b. Stress rotation during the Coalinga aftershock sequence. Journal Of Geophysical Research, VOL.92, 7963-7980

Okada, Y., 1992. Internal deformation due to shear and tensile faults in a half-space. Bulletion of Seismological Society of America, 82, 1018-1040

Oppenheimer, D.H., Reasenberg, P.A., and Simpson, R.W., 1988. Fault plane solutions for the 1984 Morgan Hill, California, earthquake sequence: Evidence for the state of stress on the Calaveras fault. Journal Of Geophysical Research, VOL.93, 9007-9026

Robinson, R. and McGinty, P., 1999. The enigma of the Arthur’s Pass , New Zealand , earthquake, 2: The Aftershock distribution and its relation to the regioanl and induced stress fields. Journal Of Geophysical Research, VOL.105, NO.B7, 16139-16150

Suppe, J., Hu, C.T., and Chen, Y.J., 1985. Present-day stress directions in western Taiwan inferred from borehole elongation. Petroleum Geology of Taiwan, 21,1-12

Waldhauser, F., hypoDD: A program to compute double-difference hypocenter locations, USGS Open-File Report, 01-113, 2001.

Wang, W. H. 2000. Static Stress Transfer and Aftershock Triggering by the 1999 Chi-Chi Earthquake in Taiwan, TAO, Vol.11, No.3, 631-642

Wang W.-H. W.-J. Hong, 2001, Synorogenic extension, Taiwan: implications of physical and numerical modeling, Geol. Soc. Am. Special Paper

Wu, F.T., Hetland, E., 1999. Focal mechanisms of earthquakes offshore of eastern Taiwan and intraplate deformation, abstract, 4th France—Taiwan Symposium, Montpellier, pp. 207.

Yamada, T., Ando, M., and Katao, H., 2001. Rapid changes of the aftershock P axes 3 year after the 1995 Hyogo-ken Nanbu (Kobe) earthquake, Geophysical research Letters, Vol.28, NO.1, 37-40

Yeh, Y. H., Barrier, E., Lin, C. H. and Angelier, J., 1991. stress tensor analysis in the Taiwan area from focal mechanisms of earthquakes. Tectonophysiscs, 200, 267-280

Yu, S.B. and Lee, C., 1985. Gwodetic measurment of hoizontal crustal deformation in eastern Taiwan. Tectonophysics, 125: 73-85

Yin. Z.-M., 1996. An improved method for the determination of the tectonic stress field from focal mechanism data, Geophys.J.Int. 125,841-849

李鍚堤,1985. 大地應力分析與弧陸碰撞對於台灣北部古應力場變遷之影響。
國立台灣大學地質研究所博士論文。

袁怡之,1992. 利用地震資料探討臺灣中部地區之大地應力,國立中正大學地震研究所碩士論文。

何春蓀,1992。台灣地體構造的演變-台灣地體構造圖說明書,經濟部中央地質調查所出版。

盧坤材,1994. 利用地震震波走時與重力資料反演台灣地區三維速度構造,國立中正大學地震研究所碩士論文。

林淑娟,1994. 台灣東部海域的地形與反射震測特徵及其在大地構造意義,國立台灣海洋大學研究所碩士論文。

沈聖書,1995. 由波形逆推地震震源機制解探討台灣東北外海隱沒與碰撞構造之特性,國立中央大學地球物理研究所碩士論文。

鄭世楠,1995. 臺灣及其鄰近地區大地應力分佈的研究,國立中央大學地球物理研究所博士論文。

陶彩霞,1999. 花東谷豐濱段之發震構造辨識及分布特性,國立台灣大學海洋研究所碩士論文,97頁

詹忠翰,2001. 利用雙差分地震定位演算法重新定位過去十年台灣中、大型地震之餘震,國立中央大學地球物理研究所碩士論文。

梁星強,2002. 台灣造山運動過程中的北部崩陷和火山活動,國立台灣海洋大學應用地球物理研究所碩士論文。
QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top
無相關期刊