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研究生:許孟哲
研究生(外文):M. - C. Hsu
論文名稱:風能發電系統動態分析
論文名稱(外文):Dynamic Behavior of Wind Turbine Power Generation Systems
指導教授:陳盟仁陳盟仁引用關係
指導教授(外文):Meng-jen Che
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立高雄應用科技大學
系所名稱:電機工程系碩士班
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2004
畢業學年度:92
語文別:中文
論文頁數:76
中文關鍵詞:風能發電系統動態分析
外文關鍵詞:Dynamic Behavior of Wind Turbine Power Generation Systems
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本論文主要在探討風能發電系統在正常及系統故障情形下的動態特性。論文中所選定的研究對象為一個由四台定速、可變旋角的風能發電機及其他組件如變壓器、功因補償電容器等所組成的實際系統。研究範圍除了風能發電系統組件的數學模型推導外,也包含了相對應的PSB模組開發及應用。此外,為了動態特性分析的需要,還特別開發了風力及風力機的模組,並且與內建的模組結合為一完整的系統。再者,為了讓研究與實際更接近,特別模擬了多種運轉模式下的特性,包括單機正常及故障運轉、多機正常及故障運轉、以及考慮群聚效應的多機多風速正常及故障運轉。研究結果顯示,在這些運轉模式下,系統都是可以穩定的,系統的動態特性與理論分析和實際應用的情形一致。值得一提的是,此研究最大的價值是做為發電系統規劃的重要依據。
This thesis presents the dynamic behavior of the wind turbine power generation system operating under normal and abnormal conditions. The studied system primarily consisted of four fixed-speed, active pitch-controlled wind turbines and other electrical components. Developed using Power System Blockset in Simulink environment, the mathematical models for system components, including wind model, machine model, electromechanical model, three-phase power transformers model and capacitor bank model, were employed to cater for the dynamic behavior of the system. Various system operation conditions were simulated, and the results showed that the system operated satisfactorily under those conditions. The dynamic study at preliminary planning stage is essential for a wind turbine power generation system prior to construction
中文摘要 …………………………………………………………………………. i
英文摘要 ……….………………………………………………………………… ii
誌謝 …………………………………………………………………………. iii
目錄 …………………………………………………………………………. iv
表目錄 …………………………………………………………………………. vi
圖目錄 …………………………………………………………………………. vii
符號說明 …………………………………………………………………………. ix
一、 緒論......................................................................................................... 1
1.1 研究背景及動機..................................................................................... 1
1.2 文獻回顧................................................................................................. 3
1.3 論文架構................................................................................................. 4
二、 風能發電現況…………………………………………………………. 5
2.1 歐美現況………………………………………………………………. 6
2.2 亞洲現況………………………………………………………………. 7
2.2 國內現況………………………………………………………………. 7
2.3.1 七美先導型風能發電計畫…………………………………. 7
2.3.2 澎湖本島風力發電示範計畫………………………………. 8
2.3.3 麥寮風力發電示範系統……………………………………. 8
2.3.4 春風風力發電示範系統……………………………………. 9
三、 風能發電系統…………………………………………………………. 10
3.1 風力機…………………………………………………………………. 10
3.1.1 風力機結構…………………………………………………. 10
3.1.2 風力機原理…………………………………………………. 12
3.1.3 風力機尾流效應……………………………………………. 15
3.2 三相感應發電機………………………………………………………. 18
3.3 三相變壓器……………………………………………………………. 21
3.4 功因補償電容…………………………………………………………. 23
3.5 傳動系統………………………………………………………………. 23
四、 Power System Blockset模組開發與應用……………………………. 26
4.1 Power System Blockset模擬軟體…………………………….. 26
4.2 風力模組………………………………………………………………. 29
4.3 風力機功率特性模組…………………………………………………. 30
4.4 三相感應發電機模組…………………………………………………. 32
4.5 功因補償電容器模組…………………………………………………. 33
4.6 三相變壓器模組………………………………………………………. 34
4.7 傳動系統模組…………………………………………………………. 36
五、 風能發電系統動態模擬………………………………………………. 37
5.1 模擬案例………………………………………………………………. 37
5.2 系統正常運轉模擬……………………………………………………. 42
5.2.1 單機正常運轉………………………………………………. 42
5.2.2 多機正常運轉………………………………………………. 48
5.2.3 多機多風速正常運轉………………………………………. 54
5.3 系統故障模擬…………………………………………………………. 57
5.3.1 單機故障模擬………………………………………………. 57
5.3.2 多機故障模擬………………………………………………. 62
5.3.3 多機多風速故障模擬………………………………………. 67
六、 結論與未來研究方向…………………………………………………. 70
6.1 結論……………………………………………………………………. 70
6.2 未來研究方向…………………………………………………………. 71
參考文獻 ………………………………………………………………………..... 72
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