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研究生:傅以蒨
研究生(外文):Fu I-Chien
論文名稱:法國與歐洲共同移民政策
論文名稱(外文):France and European Immigration Policy
指導教授:姜家雄姜家雄引用關係
指導教授(外文):Alex Chiang
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立政治大學
系所名稱:外交研究所
學門:社會及行為科學學門
學類:國際事務學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2003
畢業學年度:92
語文別:中文
論文頁數:118
中文關鍵詞:移民法國歐盟歐洲共同移民政策家庭團聚移民
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法國與歐洲共同移民政策的規範目的相似,但是內容不同。其相同點在於法國與歐盟對於歐盟內部移民或會員國國民皆是採取包容的政策型態,而對於歐盟外來者或第三國人民則以排斥政策及限制條件對待。不過探究兩者的移民規範細節後卻能發現尚存許多相異之處,因此即使法國在歐盟整合移民政策的過程中係為主要的協調國之一,法國的移民政策仍不必然引導著歐洲共同移民的方針,且為歐洲共同移民政策模仿的範本。再者由於歐盟移民政策的整合過程並非是一國促成,法國必須與其他會員國協商及尊重歐盟超國家機構的決定。在多層次移民治理的模式下,國家不是唯一的決策行為者,超國家機構與非政府組織亦將納入考量。因而法國可能對歐洲移民政策持續具有影響力,但是仍須與其他行為者協調,無法單獨主導政策發展。



第一章 緒論 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------1
第一節 研究動機與研究目的 ---------------------------------------------------------1
第二節 文獻探討 ------------------------------------------------------------------------4
第三節 研究範圍與研究限制 --------------------------------------------------------10
第四節 研究方法與論文架構 --------------------------------------------------------12
第二章 歐盟與移民政策整合 --------------------------------------------------------14
第一節 移民政策整合之類型 --------------------------------------------------------14
第二節 歐盟移民規範之法律基礎 --------------------------------------------------22
第三節 歐盟移民規範之合作型式 --------------------------------------------------27
第四節 邁向歐洲共同移民政策 -----------------------------------------------------41
第三章 法國移民問題與政策 --------------------------------------------------------47
第一節 法國面臨之移民問題 --------------------------------------------------------48
第二節 法國移民政策之轉變 --------------------------------------------------------54
第三節 移民政策發展之障礙 --------------------------------------------------------67
第四章 法國與歐盟之家庭團聚移民規範 -----------------------------------------74
第一節 法國家庭團聚移民規範 -----------------------------------------------------75
第二節 歐盟家庭團聚移民規範 -----------------------------------------------------82
第三節 法國家庭團聚法則與歐盟家庭團聚指令之比較 -----------------------88
第五章 結論 -----------------------------------------------------------------------------97
第一節 研究發現 -----------------------------------------------------------------------97
第二節 後續研究建議 ----------------------------------------------------------------102
附錄一 法國移民相關政策大事紀 -------------------------------------------------105
附錄二 歐盟移民機制大事紀 -------------------------------------------------------108
附錄三 法國與歐盟移民政策發展對照表 ----------------------------------------111
參考文獻 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------112



一、 中文部分
專書
史塔克(Peter Stalker)。《國際遷徙與移民:解讀「離國出走」》 The No-nonsense Guide to International Migration,蔡繼光譯。台北:書林,民國91年。
博碩士論文
陸慧玲。〈「包容」與「排斥」? 英、德移民政策之研究〉。國立政治大學外交研究所,碩士論文,民國87年。
期刊論文
盧倩儀。(區域整合中之修約理論與阿姆斯特丹條約-移民相關規定之個案研究),《美歐季刊》,第14卷第2期。民國89年,頁171-204。
二、 外文部分
專書
Ardittis, Solon, ed. The Politics of East-West Migration. London: Macmillan, 1994.
Bauböck, Rainer. “Changing the Boundaries of Citizenship. The Inclusion of Immigrants in Democratic Polities.” In From Aliens to Citizens: Redefining the Status of Immigrants in Europe, ed. Rainer Bauböck, 199-232. Hants, England: Ashgate, 1994.
Betz, Hans-George. Radical Right-Wing Populism in Western Europe. London: Macmillan, 1994.
Brochmann, Grete, and Tomas Hammar, eds. Mechanisms of Immigration Control: A Comparative Analysis of European Regulation Policies. Oxford: Berg, 1999.
Castles, Stephen, and Mark J. Miller. The Age of Migration: International Population Movements in the Modern World, 2d ed. London: Macmillan, 1998.
Coleman, David A. “Europe under Migration Pressure: Some Facts on Immigration.” In Immigration into Western Societies: Problems and Policies, ed. Emek M. Uçarer and Donald J. Puchala, 121-146. London: Pinter, 1997.
Collinson, Sarah. Europe and International Migration. London: Pinter, 1993.
Cornelius, Wayne A., Philip L. Martin, and James F. Hollifield, eds. Controlling Immigration: A Global Perspective. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1994.
Fassmann, Heinz, and Rainer Münz. “Patterns and Trends of International Migration in Western Europe.” In European Migration in the Late Twentieth Century: Historical Patterns, Actual Trends, and Social Implications, ed. Heinz Fassmann and Münz Rainer, 3-33. Hants, England: Edward Elgar, 1994.
Favell, Adrian. Philosophies of Integration: Immigration and the Idea of Citizenship in France and Britain. London: Macmillan, 1998.
Feldblum, Miriam. Reconstructing Citizenship: The Politics of Nationality Reform and Immigration in Contemporary France. Albany: State University of New York Press, 1999.
Fetzer, Joël S. Public Attitudes toward Immigration in the United States, France, and Germany. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2000.
Freeman, Gary. Immigrant Labor and Racial Conflict in Industrial Societies: The French and British Experience 1945-1975. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1979.
Geddes, Andrew. Immigration and European Integration: Toward Fortress Europe? Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2000.
Geddes, Andrew. “The Development of EU Immigration Policy: Supranationalisation and the Politics of Belonging.” In The Politics of Belonging: Migrants and Minorities in Contemporary Europe, ed. Andrew Geddes and Adrian Favell, 176-189. Hant, England: Ashgate, 1999.
Guyomarch, Alain, Howard Machin and Ella Ritchie. France in the European Union. London: MacMillan, 1998.
Hansen, Randall. Citizenship and Immigration in Post-War Britain: The Institutional Origins of a Multicultural Nation. New York: Oxford University Press, 2000.
Hansen, Randall, and Patrick Weil. “Introduction: Citizenship, Immigration and Nationality: Toward a Convergence in Europe?” In Toward a European Nationality: Citizenship, Immigration and Nationality Law in the EU, ed. Randall Hansen and Patrick Weil, 1-23. New York: Palgrave, 2001.
Hargreaves, Alec G. Immigration, ‘Race’ and Ethnicity in Contemporary France. New York: Routledge, 1995.
Hollifield, James F. Immigrants, Markets, and States: The Political Economy of Postwar Europe. Cambridge, MA.: Harvard University Press, 1992.
Joppke, Christian. Immigration and the Nation-State: The United States, Germany, and Great Britain, New York: Oxford University Press, 1999.
Joppke, Christian, and Steven Lukes, eds. Multicultural Questions. New York: Oxford University Press, 1999.
Kohler-Koch, Beate. “The Evolution and Transformation of European Gorvernance.” In The Transformation of Governance in the European Union, ed. Beate Kohler-Koch and Rainer Eising, 14-35. London: Routldege, 1999.
Katoryano, Riva. Negotiating Identities: States and Immigrants in France and Germany. Translated by Barbara Harshav. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2002.
Koslowski, Rey. “Europe Union Migration Regimes, Established an Emergent.” In Challenge to the Nation-State: Immigration in Western Europe and the United States, ed. Christian Joppke, 153-188. New York: Oxford University Press, 1998.
Layton-Henry, Zig. The Politics of Immigration: Immigration, 'Race' and 'Race' Relations in Post-War Britain. Oxford: Blackwell, 1992.
MacMaster, Neil, Racism in Europe 1870-2000. New York: Palgrave, 2001.
Martin, Philip L. “The Impacts of Immigration on Receiving Countries.” In Immigration into Western Societies: Problems and Policies, ed. Emek M. Uçarer and Donald J. Puchala, 17-27. London: Pinter, 1997.
Miles, Robert, and Dietrich Thränhardt. Migration and European Integration: The Dynamics of Inclusion and Exclusion. London: Pinter, 1995.
Miller, Mark J. “The Prevention of Unauthorized Migration.” In Migration and Refugee Policies, ed. Ann Bernstein and Myron Weiner, 20-44. London: Pinter, 1999.
Monar, Jörg. “A Dual Citizenship in the Making: The Citizenship of the European Union and Its Reform.” In European Citizenship: An Institution Challenge, ed. Massimo La Torre, 167-185. The Hague: Kluwer Law International, 1998.
Monar, Jörg. “Justice and Home Affairs after Amsterdam: The Treaty Reforms and the Challenge of their Implementation.” in The European Union After the Treaty of Amsterdam, ed. Jörg Monar and Wolfgang Wessels, 267-295. London: Continuum, 2001.
Money, Jeannette. Fences and Neighbors: The Political Geography of Immigration Control. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1999.
Münch, Richard. Nation and Citizenship in the Global Age: From National to Transnational Ties and Identities. New York: Palgrave, 2001.
Noiriel, Gérard. The French Melting Pot: Immigration, Citizenship, and National Identity. Translated by Geoffroy de Laforcade. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1996.
Ogden, Philip E. “International Migration in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries.” In Migrants in Modern France: Population Mobility in the Later 19th and 20th Centuries, ed. Philip E. Ogden and Paul E. White, 34-59. London: Unwin Hyman, 1989.
Oliveria, Álvaro Castro. “The Position of Resident Third-Country Nationals: Is It Too Early to Grant Them Union Citizenship?” In European Citizenship: An Institution Challenge, ed. Massimo La Torre, 185-200. The Hague: Kluwer Law International, 1998.
Papademetriou, Demetrios G. “At a Crossroads: Europe and Migration.” In Migration and the New Europe, ed. Kimberly A. Hamilton, 12-36. Washington, D.C.: Center for Strategic and International Studies, 1994.
Salt, John. “External International Migration.” In The Changing Population of Europe, ed. Daniel Noin and Robert Woods, 185-197. Oxford: Blackwell, 1993.
Sassen, Saskia. Guests and Aliens. New York, The New Press, 1999.
Silverman, Maxim. Deconstructing the Nation: Immigrantion, Racism and Citizenship in Modern France. New York: Routledge, 1995.
Thränhardt, Dietrich. “Europe — A New Immigration Continent. Policies and Politics since 1945 in Comparative Perspective,” In Europe - A New Immigration Continent. Policies and Politics in Comparative Perspective, ed. Dietrich Thränhardt, 15-74. Hamburg: Lit, 1992.
Thränhardt, Dietrich. “The Political Uses of Xenophobia in England, France, and Germany.” In Immigration into Western Societies: Problems and Policies, ed. Emek M. Uçarer and Donald J. Puchala, 173-194. London: Pinter, 1997.
Van Krieken, Peter J. ed. The Asylum Acquis Handbook. The Hague: TMC Asser Press, 2000.
Weil, Patrick. “Access to Citizenship: A Comparison of Twenty-Five Nationality Laws.” In Citizenship Today: Global Perspectives and Practices, ed. T. Alexander Aleinikoff and Douglas Klusmeyer, 17-35. Washington D.C.: Carnegie Endowment, 2001.
Weil, Patrick. “The History of French Nationality: A Lesson for Europe.” In Toward a European Nationality: Citizenship, Immigration and Nationality Law in the EU, ed. Randall Hansen and Patrick Weil, 65-66. New York: Palgrave, 2001.
Weiss, Friedl and Frank Wooldridge. Free Movement of Persons within the European Community. The Hague: Kluwer, 2001.
White, Paul. “Ethnic Minority Communities in Europe.” In The Changing Population of Europe, ed. Daniel Noin and Robert Woods, 206-225. Oxford: Blackwell, 1993.
White, Paul. “Immigrants, Immigrants Areas and Immigrant Communities in Postwar Paris.” In Migrants in Modern France: Population Mobility in the Later 19th and 20th Centuries, ed. Philip E. Ogden and Paul E. White, 195-211. London: Unwin Hyman, 1989.
Wihtol de Wenden, Catherine. “The French Debate: Legal and Political Instruments to Promote Integration.” In European Migration in the Late Twentieth Century: History Patterns, Actual Trends, and Social Implications, ed. Heinz Fassmann and Rainer Münz, 67-80. Hant, England: Edward Elgar.
Wihtol de Wenden, Catherine. Les Immigrés et la Politique. Paris: Presses de la F.N.S.P.,1988 195. Quoted in Sarah Collinson, Europe and International Migration, 56, London: Pinter, 1993.
期刊論文
Arango, Joaquín. “Explaining Migration: A Critical View.” International Social Science Journal 165 (September 2000): 283-296.
Baldwin-Edwards, Martin and Martin A. Schain. “The Politics of Immigration: Introduction.” West European Politics 17 (April 1994): 1-16.
Brubaker, Rogers. “The Return of Assimilation? Changing Perspectives on Immigration and its Sequels in France, Germany and the United States.” Ethnic and Racial Studies 24 (July 2001): 531-548.
Caporaso, James A. “The European Union and Forms of State: Westphalian, Regulatory or Post-Modern?” Journal of Common Market Studies 34 (March 1996): 29-52.
Closa, Carlos. “Citizenship of the Union and Nationality of Member States.” Common Market Law Review 32 (April 1995): 487-518.
Gaeremynck, Jean. “De l’Immigrqtion à l’Intégration.” Cahiers Français 307 (Mars 2002): 66-73.
Graham, Ian. “Migration and Integration-some EU Pointers.” Labour Education 129 (April 2002): 125-130.
Guillon, Michelle. “Les Principales Régions d’Accueil: l’Attrait Maintenu des Pays Riches.” Cahiers Français 307 (Mars 2002): 8-13.
Guiraudon, Virginie. “The Constitution of a European Immigration Policy Domain: A Political Sociology Approach.” Journal of European Public Policy 10 (April 2003): 263-282.
Hansen, Randall. “Globalization, Embedded Realism, and Path Dependence,” Comparative Political Studies 35 (April 2002): 259-283.
Jain, Rajendra K. “Fortifying the ‘Fortress’: Immigration and Politics in the European Union.” International Studies 34 (April 1997): 163-192.
Joppke, Christian. “Why Liberal States Accept Unwanted Immigration?” World Politics 50 (January 1998): 266-293.
Lavenex, Sandra. “EU Enlargement and the Challenge of Policy Transfer: the Case of Refugee Policy.” Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies 28 (October 2002): 701-721.
Marie, Claude-Valentin. “Les Politiques Européennes de Gestion des Flux: Contrôle et Restrictions.” Cahiers Français 307 (Mars 2002): 57-63.
Marks, Gary, Liesbet Hooghe and Kermit Balnk. “European Integration from the 1980s: State-Centric v. Multi-level Governance.” Journal of Common Market Studies 34 (September 1996): 341-378.
Niessen, Jan. “Overlapping Interests and Conflicting Agendas: The Knoking into Shape of Immigration Policies.” European Journal of Migration and Law, 3 No.3/4 (2001): 419-434.
Peers, Steve. “Key Legislative Developments on Migration in the European Union.” European Journal of Migration and Law, 4 No.3 (2002): 339-367.
Pierse, J. N. “Fictions of Europe.” Race and Class 32 (1991): 5-6. Quoted in Michael T. Martin, “‘Fortress Europe’ and Third World Immigration in the post-Cold War Global Contest,” 833, Third World Quarterly 20 (August 1999).
Salt, John. “A Comparative Overview of International Trends and Types, 1950-1980,” International Migration Review 23 (Fall 1989): 431-432.
Weil, Patrick, and John Crowley, “Integration in Theory and Practice: A Comparison of France and Britain,” West European Politics 17 (April 1994): 110-126.
官方資料與政府出版品
Commission of the European Communities. Communication from the Commission to the Council and the European Parliament on a Community Immigration Policy, Com(2000) 757 final. 22 November 2000.
Commission of the European Communities. Proposal for a Council Directive concerning the status of third-country nationals who are long-tern residents, COM(2001)127 final. 13 March 2001.
European Council, Laeken European Council-Presidency Conclusions. 15 December 2001.
European Council, Tampere European Council-Presidency Conclusions. 16 October 1999.
European Council, Seville European Council-Presidency Conclusions. 22 June 2002.
European Council, Vienna European Council-Presidency Conclusions. 12 Decembr 1998.
Eurostat, “Long-tern International Migration Scenarios for the European Economic Area,” Eurostat Working Papers (E4/1997-7). 25 January 2001.
Kasasa, Aya. “Asylum and Immigration — Europe’s Search for a Common Policy.” Courier ACP-EU (July-August 2001): 30-32.
SOPEMI, Trends in International Migration. Paris: OECD, 1992.
SOPEMI, Trends in International Migration. Paris: OECD, 1999.
SOPEMI, Trends in International Migration. Paris: OECD, 2001.
Sénat, Proposition de Résolution: Annexe au procès-verval de la séance du 25 mai 2000.
網路資源
Echardour, Annick. “Les Jeunes D’origne Portugaise: Immigrés ou Enfants d’Immigrés.”
http://www.insee.fr/FR/FFC/DOCS_FFC/ip427.pdf.
Charlotte Lessana, “Loi Debré: la frabrique de l’immigré.”
http://www.conflits.org/article.php3?id_article=332.
Eurobsever, “Germany Calls to Keep Veto in Immigration Policy.” http://www.euobserver. com/index.phtml?aid=11932.
Euobserver, “Germany Gets its Ways on Immigration Policy.” http://www.euobserver.com/index.phtml? aid=12028.
GISTI, “Guide de l’Entrée et du Séjour des Etrangers en France.”
http://www.gisti.org/doc/publications/2003/entree/intro.html.
INED, “Population Immigrée ou de Nationalité Étrangère depuis 1982.”
http://www.ined.fr/ population-en-chiffres/france/index.html.
INSEE, “La Population Immigrée: Le Résultat d’une longue Histoire.”
http://www.insee.fr/FR/FFC/DOCS_FFC/ip458.pdf.
INSEE, “La Proportion d’Immigrés est Stable depuis 25 Ans.”
http://www.insee.fr/fr/ffc/docs_ffc/IP74 8.pdf.
Migration News, “EU: Danes, Immigration, Enlargement.” http://migration.ucdavis.edu/mn/archive_mn/aug_2002-08mn.html.
Migration News, “France Amends Immigration Law.”
http://migration.ucdavis.edu/mn/archive_mn/apr _1997-09mn.html.
Migration News, “France: New Law, Campaign.”
http://migration.ucdavis.edu/mn/archive_mn/may_1997-10mn.html.
Migration News, “EU: Muslims, Asylum, Labor.” http://migration.ucdavis.edu/mn/archive_mn/may_2002-09mn.html.
SOFRES, “L’image du Front National et du Mouvement National République.”
http://www.tns-sofres.com/etudes/pol/280502_frontnational_r.htm.

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