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研究生:BruceBilimon
論文名稱:AnEffectiveGuideforMarshallIslandsBusinessLeaders:InsightsfromEastAsiaandUSLeadershipStyles
指導教授:林月雲林月雲引用關係
指導教授(外文):Lin,Carol
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立政治大學
系所名稱:國際經營管理碩士班
學門:商業及管理學門
學類:企業管理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2004
畢業學年度:92
語文別:英文
論文頁數:120
中文關鍵詞:Marshall Islands Business Leadership
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The purpose of this thesis is to provide an effective business leadership guide to any Marshallese who aspires to become an insightful business leader. Certainly, making of such guide will help broaden the perspectives of current and future business leaders to better understand political, economical, and cultural challenges that are common within the context of doing business in the Republic of the Marshall Islands (RMI).
To understand these challenges, this thesis investigated numerous research questions, including what it takes to be a successful business leader in the RMI business vista. In addition, leadership styles from east and west are also considered. The research used the quantitative and qualitative methods by which survey and interview were executed. The sample included Marshall Islands Business leaders.
Chapter 1 described the rationale for the study, background of the Marshall Islands, research purpose, and scope of the entire thesis. In a country where many challenges are confronting business leaders, it is no wonder why making of such a leadership guide is indispensable. Indeed, with such a guide, Marshall Islands business leaders are more likely to raise their awareness within the framework of their own business environment. While at the same time benefited from exposing to leadership theories, models and related concepts that are without a doubt beneficial for any business leaders to know.
Chapter 2 discussed the literatures related to the study, which includes traits and contingency leadership theories. From the contingency theories, Hershey and Blanchard’s Situational Leadership model is used as the model for the study. Hofstede’s dimension of differences and East Asia and United States’ leadership styles comparison are also explained.
Chapter 3 stated how the research was conducted, including the research methods, how the instruments were constructed, the subject population, the selection criteria for participants, data collection process as well as how the data were analyzed.
Chapter 4 reported on the findings from the field research. The findings from the survey and interview are presented in graphs and tables with supplementary explanations.
Chapter 5 commented on the survey and interview findings corresponding to the research purpose presented in chapter one. Alongside the rationalization of the primary findings, are the implications and study’s suggested business leadership guides.
Chapter 6 provided the conclusions by recapping the key findings and leadership guides. Suggested future research and limitation encountered throughout the process are also discussed.
Abstract………………………………………………………………………..… ii
Dedication………………………………………………………………………... iv
Acknowledgements…………………………………………………………… v
Figures, Graphs and Tables…………………………………………………. viii
Chapter 1 Introduction…………………………………………… 1
Section 1.1 Rationale for the Study……………………………………….…. 2
Section 1.2 Background of Marshall Islands………………….……………. 4
Section 1.3 Research Purpose…………………………………….……..…... 8
Section 1.4 Scope ………………………………………………………..….… 8
Chapter 2 Literature Review……………….………….…..…… 10
2.1 Leadership Defined………………………………………….…….……. 10
2.2 Leadership Theories Overview……………………………..…….……. 13
2.2.1 Traits Leadership Theory……………………………………….………. 14
2.2.2 Contingency Theory ……………………………………..………….…… 17
2.2.3 Fiedler’s Leadership Model……………………………..……………… 18
2.2.4 Path Goal Theory………………………………………………………… 19
2.2.5 Hershey-Blanchard Situational Model……………………….………… 22
2.3 Hofstede’s Dimension of Difference…………………………..……….. 27
2.4 East Asia and U.S Leadership style Comparison……………………. 29
2.4.1 Individualism vs. Collectivism……………………………………..…. 30
2.4.2 Power Distance………………………………………………………... 33
2.4.3 Comparative Analysis of Leadership Styles………………...……. 37
Chapter 3 Methodology………………………………...…………41
3.1 Research Methods………………………………………………………. 41
3.2 Research instruments Construction…………………….……………… 42
3.3 Sampling Method and Subject Population…………..………………… 45
3.4 Sampling Selection Criteria………………………………..……………. 46
3.5 Data Collection Process……………………………………….………… 48
3.6 Analyzing of Data………………………………………………………… 48
3.7 Presentation of Data……………………………………………………... 49
Chapter 4 Findings………………………………………………… 50
4.1 Survey Overview………………………………………………..………. 50
4.1.1 Participants and Demographic Information………………..………… 51
4.1.2 Employee Status………………………………………..……………… 56
4.1.3 Environment and Culture………………………………………………. 58
4.1.4 Leadership Traits……………………………………………………….. 60
4.1.5 Leadership Style…………………………………………...…………… 61
4.2 Interview Overview……………………………………………...……… 63
4.2.1 Business Leadership Success Factors………………………………. 64
4.2.2 Strategic Approach…………………………………………...………… 66
4.2.3 Business Environment…………………………………..…………….. 67
4.2.4 East and West Leadership Attributes………………………………… 69
4.2.5 Preferred Leadership Style………………………………...………….. 70
4.2.6 Traditional Leadership Style…………………………………………… 71
4.2.7 Traditional Chiefs Influence……………………………………………. 72
4.2.8 Leaders perception of Leadership………………………………...….. 73
4.2.9 Government Role………………………………………………………. 74
4.2.10 Collectivism ………………………………………………...…………… 75
4.2.11 Important Leadership Attributes………………………………………. 76
4.2.12 Business Success Prerequisites …………………………...………… 77
4.3 Other Findings …………………………………………………………. 78
4.3.1 Advantages and Disadvantages …………………………………….. 78
Chapter 5 Discussions…………………………………………..... 80
5.1 Social Cultural and Political impacts………………….………..….…… 80
5.2 East Asia and United States Leadership Styles………………………. 83
5.3 Marshall Islands Leadership Profile……………………………...…….. 86
5.4 Key Success Factors for Marshall Islands Business Leaders…….… 88
Chapter 6 Conclusion……………………………………………... 90
6.1 Summary of Findings………………………………..………………. 90
6.2 Summary of Leadership Guides……………………..……………….. 91
6.3 Suggestions for Future Research……………………..………………. 92
6.4 Study Limitations……………………………………….………………. 94
References…………………………………………………..……………………95
Appendix…………………………………………………………………………102
Figures, Graphs and Tables
Figures
2.1 Continuums of Leadership Styles…………………………………………..21
2.2 Leadership Style and Readiness Matching………………………………..25
Graphs
4.1 Sex……………………………………………………………………………. 51
4.2 Age Group…………………………………………………………………….51
4.3 Educational Background…………………………………………………. 52
4.4 Position………………………………………………………………. ………53
4.5 Years in Business…………………………………………………… ………54
4.6 Span of Control ………………………………………………………………55
4.7 Employee Status……………………………………………………. ………56
4.8 Employees and Superior Relationship……………………………………. 57
4.9 Government Support……………………………………………………….. 59
Tables
1.1 Projections for Marshall Islands Population…………………………… 4
1.2 Marshall Islands Resident Population and Growth Rates……….…… 4
1.3 Marshall Islands Economical Data ………………………………………5
2.1 Comparative analysis of East Asia and United States……………….. 38
4.1 Age Classification …………………………………………………….…. 52
4.2 Participants Educational Breakdown………………………..……….… 53
4.3 Employee Factors……………………………………………………..…. 56
4.4 Causes of Business Failure…………………………………………..…. 58
4.5 Success Factors…………………………………………………….……. 60
4.6 Leadership Traits………………………………………………………… 60
4.7 Leadership Characteristics …………………………………………….. 61
4.8 Leadership Styles…………………………………………………..……. 62
4.9 Dimension of Differences…………………………………………….…. 62
4.10 Preferred Leadership Style…………………………………………….. 63
4.11 Leadership Success Factors………………………………………..….. 65
4.12 Strategic Approach………………………………………………..…….. 67
4.13 Business Environment……………………………………………..……. 68
4.14 East and West Leadership Attributes……………………………..…… 69
4.15 Preferred Leadership Style/ East or West………………………...…... 71
4.16 Traditional Leadership Style…………………………………………….. 71
4.17 Traditional Chiefs Influence……………………………………...……… 72
4.18 Leaders’ Perception of Leadership……………………...……………... 74
4.19 Role of the Government…………………………………………………. 74
4.20 Collectivism……………………………………………………………….. 76
4.21 Important Leadership Attributes………………………………………… 76
4.22 Business Success Prerequisite…………………………………...….… 77
4.23 Advantages and Disadvantages ………………………………………. 79
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