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研究生:蘇惠君
研究生(外文):su, Hui-Chun
論文名稱:施惠語言(patronizingspeech)在新聞訪談中的運用-再論記者與消息來源之互動
指導教授:臧國仁臧國仁引用關係
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立政治大學
系所名稱:新聞研究所
學門:傳播學門
學類:新聞學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2004
畢業學年度:92
語文別:中文
論文頁數:183
中文關鍵詞:記者與消息來源互動溝通適應理論施惠語言新聞訪問
外文關鍵詞:patroinizing speechcommunication accommodation theory
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:10
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  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:2
本研究主要係延伸過去記者與消息來源互動關係模式,將老人研究中的「施惠語言」概念納入,探究記者在與年長消息來源互動時是否使用「施惠語言」,其主要形式為何?運用目的為何?與此種語言形式有關的「個人變項」及「情境變項」又是為何?

本研究以四個新聞訪問個案進行分析,個案之選擇兼顧記者性別與年齡差異,並以語域分析法分析「施惠語言」形式,其後輔以深度訪談法探究記者對消息來源的外表生理特質刻板印象、對彼此互動關係及互動目標等情境認知,以進一步分析記者的個人變項及情境感知變項與「施惠語言」之關聯性。
資料分析結果顯示,「施惠語言」是新聞訪問中常見的語言形式,包括「娃娃腔式談話」、「屈就或過份私密談話」、「命令或直接談話」及「膚淺或無關痛癢談話」等四類「施惠語言」主要形式均可在新聞訪問中出現,其中又以「屈就或過份私密談話」最被普遍運用。此外,記者的個人變項與新聞訪問的情境感知變項均會影響記者的「施惠語言」運用形式,亦即記者依據情境變化不斷調整語言形式以適應消息來源,使得一段新聞訪問中可能同時出現多種「施惠語言」形式。
第一章 新聞訪談中的特殊語言- - 「施恩語言」
第一節 研究動機………………………………………………..1
第二節 問題意識………………………………………………..4
第三節 研究問題………………………………………………..8
第二章 文獻探討
第一節 溝通適應理論…………………………………………10
第二節 「施恩語言」的定義及影響變項……………………21
第三節 新聞訪問語言與「刻板印象」………………………35
第三章 研究方法
第一節 研究問題………………………………………………45
第二節 研究架構與變項說明及定義…………………………46
第三節 研究方法………………………………………………53
第四章 資料分析
第一節 個案基本資料概述……………………………………80
第二節 個案訪談內容摘錄及語域分析………………………84
第三節 新聞訪問中的「施恩語言」形式及其功能………104
第四節 記者的個人變項與「施恩語言」形式關聯性……112
第五節 記者的情境感知與「施恩語言」形式關聯性……113
第六節 記者的個人變項與情境感知變項關聯性…………128
第五章 結論與建議
第一節 研究摘要……………………………………………134
第二節 研究發現簡述………………………………………135
第三節 發展研究命題………………………………………142
第四節 研究意涵……………………………………………147
第五節 研究限制及對未來研究之建議……………………152
參考書目……………………………………………………………158
附錄…………………………………………………………………176
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