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研究生:侯毓湘
研究生(外文):Yu-Hsiang Hou
論文名稱:MeasuringEfficiencyofInternationalTouristHotelsinTaiwan:aStochasticFrontierApproach
指導教授:王國樑王國樑引用關係
指導教授(外文):Wang, Kuo-Liang
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立政治大學
系所名稱:經濟研究所
學門:社會及行為科學學門
學類:經濟學類
論文種類:學術論文
畢業學年度:92
語文別:英文
中文關鍵詞:stochastic frontier approachefficiencytourist hotel
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Based on the survey of Taiwan’s international tourist hotels during 1997 to 2001, this study applies stochastic frontier approach incorporating inefficiency effects to estimate cost inefficiency of international tourist hotels in Taiwan. Two hypotheses of no inefficiency and no inefficiency effects are rejected by using likelihood-ratio test. These outcomes indicate that the model and assumptions set up in this study are statistically more appropriate. The empirical evidence shows that the average cost inefficiency score during 1997 to 2001 is 1.1468 which suggests that actual cost expenditure is approximately 1.1468 times of minimum cost with fixed outputs. In empirical findings between inefficiency effects and cost inefficiencies, the factors such as diversification of services, competitive circumstances, various types of travelers, belonging to a international hotel chain, and located in the scenic area would improve cost efficiencies of international tourist hotels. However, it would worsen cost efficiencies for international tourist hotels to setting up a branch or branches.



CONTENTS ………………………………………………………i
LIST OF FIGURES AND TABLES ……………………………ii
ABSTRACT ……………………………………………………iii
CHAPTER
1. INTRODUCTION ……………………………………………1
1.1 Motivation and Purpose ……………………………1
1.2 Method …………………………………………………2
1.3 Framework ……………………………………………3
2. OVERVIEW OF INTERNATIONAL TOURIST HOTELS IN TAIWAN ………4
3. REVIEW OF THE LITERATURE …………………………………………10
3.1 Relative Researches in the Hotel Industry…………………………10
3.2 Efficiency Estimation Methods in the Hotel Industry ……………………12
3.2.1 Data envelopment analysis ……………………………………13
3.2.2 Stochastic frontier analysis ………………………………………14
4. METHODOLOGY AND DATA ……………………………………………17
4.1 Stochastic Frontier Approach ………………………………17
4.2 Data ………………………………………………………………21
5. ESTIMATION AND RESULTS ………………………………………22
5.1 Model Specification and Variables ………………………22
5.2 Tests of Hypotheses……………………………………….…25
5.3 Inefficiency Effects and Estimated Cost Inefficiencies …………28
6. CONCLUSIONS ……………………………………………………32
APPENDIX I …………………………………………………………34
APPENDIX II ………………………………………………………35
REFERENCE …………………………………………………………37



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