(18.204.2.190) 您好!臺灣時間:2021/04/22 07:11
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果

詳目顯示:::

我願授權國圖
: 
twitterline
研究生:陳國永
研究生(外文):Kuo-Yung Chen
論文名稱:3D雷射掃描技術應用於隧道變形量測之研究
論文名稱(外文):Application of Using 3D Laser Scanning Technology to Analyze the Deformation of Tunnel
指導教授:高書屏高書屏引用關係
指導教授(外文):Szu-Pyng Kao
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中興大學
系所名稱:土木工程學系
學門:工程學門
學類:土木工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2004
畢業學年度:92
語文別:中文
論文頁數:94
中文關鍵詞:GPS 全球衛星定位系統3D 雷射掃描技術點雲
外文關鍵詞:Global Position System3D Laser Scanning TechnologyPoint Cloud
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:26
  • 點閱點閱:1192
  • 評分評分:系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔
  • 下載下載:156
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
目前有關隧道監測作業模式仍以採用傳統測量方法居多,但因傳統測量方法基於取樣斷面及點位數量均有限的情況下,加上需依賴測量人員經驗判斷等等,以致其所獲成果之代表性不足,基此本研究採用GPS結合3D雷射掃描的技術對於隧道進行全面且連續性的掃描作業,以精確取得隧道內部之精密點雲坐標,並經計算分析後可得所求斷面之變形量,繼以進行變形量測分析,以便於提供後續維修精準的數據。此法在國內隧道變形量測上尚屬首例,根據本研究成果以中寮隧道為例顯示隧道變形已可偵測出具有一定趨勢,且採用本研究提出之方法隧道變形量只要大於5公厘即可偵測出等等具體成效,將能提昇國內隧道監測作業之品質,並作為日後隧道變形監測作業之參考依據。
Now refer to the tunnel monitoring operation system usually is traditional measure method in majority, but traditional measure methods have the limit of sampling cross-section and amount of points, and need to depend on the experience of survey staffs to judge, and so on. The data is not enough for representative, by the reason, our research use GPS combining the 3D laser scanning technology for tunnels to proceed entire and continuous scanning. To acquire the precision point clouds coordinates of the internal tunnels by calculating and analysis can get the deformed data of cross-section in order to proceed with the deformed data analysis, to provide the corrective data for maintenance. This measurement for domestic tunnels deformed measurement is the first example. According to the research result, for example, the Zhong-Liao tunnel show the deformed tunnel may detect tendency and the research method just need more than 5 centimeter to detect the specific effect. Expect to promote the quality of domestic tunnels monitoring operation and be a good consultation in the future.
謝誌.......................................................Ⅰ
中文摘要...................................................Ⅱ
英文摘要...................................................Ⅲ
目錄.......................................................Ⅳ
圖目錄.....................................................Ⅶ
表目錄.................................................... XI
第一章 緒論................................................1
1-1前言.....................................................1
1-2研究動機與目的...........................................2
1-3論文架構 ................................................3
第二章 文獻回顧.............................................5
第三章 理論基礎及研究流程...................................9
3-1 GPS基本原理.............................................9
3-1-1載波相位觀測量........................................10
3-1-2 GPS高程測量..........................................11
3-2三維雷射掃描技術........................................14
3-2-1技術特色..............................................15
3-2-2理論基礎..............................................16
3-2-3三維掃描儀坐標轉換及點雲結合 .........................20
3-3研究流程................................................22
第四章 實驗方法與步驟......................................25
4-1實驗計畫說明............................................25
4-2監測實驗區之踏勘及選定..................................25
4-3佈設GPS監控點、隧道監測點及沉陷監測點...................27
4-4 GPS監控點位實施GPS精密定位觀測.........................30
4-5 GPS監控點位及隧道內部進行三維雷射掃描..................33
4-6資料整理計算及變形模式分析..............................38
第五章 資料處理與數據分析..................................39
5-1利用傳統測量方法所得資料處理分析........................39
5-1-1隧道監測點位成果分析..................................39
5-1-2沉陷監測點位成果分析..................................51
5-2利用三維雷射掃描方法所得資料處理分析....................54
5-2-1 GPS衛星定位測量資料處理..............................54
5-2-2三維雷射掃描成果分析..................................57
5-2-3三維雷射掃描建模成果..................................65
5-2-4隧道三維雷射掃描變形分析..............................74
第六章 結論與建議..........................................78
參考文獻...................................................80
附錄一、五階段隧道傳統觀測監測點位成果資料.................83
附錄二、五階段隧道傳統觀測沉陷監測點位成果資料.............91
黃文杰,2004。利用3D雷射掃描儀進行油槽形變監測之研究,國立中興大學土木工程學系碩士論文。
黃林田,2003。3D雷射掃描在施工過程數位紀錄上之應用,國立台灣科技大學建築系碩士論文。
陳信宏,2003。 3D雷射掃描在施工變位分析上之應用,,國立台灣科技大學建築系碩士論文。
郭朗哲,曾義星,史天元,2003。地面雷射掃描儀測量作業問題探討,第22屆測量學術暨應用研討會。
賴志恆,2003。雷射掃描點雲資料八分樹結構化之研究,國立成功大學測量工程系碩士論文。
吳宗江,張裕民,魏育民,高書屏,2003。利用3D雷射掃描技術進行結構物變形分析,第22屆測量學術暨應用研討會。
力弘科技,2003。3D雷射掃描專業技術手冊。
Barbarella, M. and F. Radicioni, 1989. Kalman filtering in leveling, August, Global and Regional Geodynamics Symposium, No.101, Edinburgh, Scotland.
Boehler, W., G.Heinz, A. Marbs, 2001. The Potential of Non-contact Close Range Laser Scanners for Cultural Heritage Recording, Proceedings of CIPA International Symposium, Potsdam, Germany.
Boehler, W., A. Marbs, 2002. 3D Scanning Instruments, CIPA, Heritage Documentation - International Workshop on Scanning for Cultural Heritage Recording - Corfu, Greece.
Chang, C. C., 1995. Kinematic GPS for Deformation Monitoring, Geomatica, Vol. 51, PhD Thesis, University of Norttingham.
Lichti, D. D., M. P. Stewart, M. Tsakiri and A. J. Snow, 2000. Benchmark Testing on a Three-Dimensional Laser Scanning System, Geomatics Research Australasia, 72: 1-23.
Lichti, D. D., S. J. Gordon and M. P. Stewart, 2002. Ground-Based Laser Scanners: Operation, Systems and Applications, Geomatica, 56 (1): 21-33.
Lichti, D. D. and B. R. Harvey, 2002. An Investigation into the Effects of Reflecting Surface Material Properties on Terrestrial Laser Scanner
Measurements, Geomatics Research Australasia, 76: 1-22.
MENSI, 2002. MENSI 3D Surveying Products, http://www.mensi.com/.
MENSI INC,2003。RealWork Version3.1 for Windows NT.
Nagihara, S., Hargis, J., Goss, R., Wright, J., Hill, G., 2002. Sub-Centimeter-Resolution Digital Topography and Surface Lithology Models Obtained from 3-D Laser Scanner Survey in the South prong Canyon, Texas Panhandle, CSM-ASPRS Conference and Technology Exhibition, XXII. FIG , Washington. 2002.
Ono, N., Tonoko, N., Sato, K., 2000. A Case Study on the Landslide by the 3D Laser Mirroe Scanner, International Archives of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing. Vol. XXXIII, Part B5, Amsterdam 2000, pp. 593-598.
Parks, W. and T. Dial. 1997. Using GPS to Measure Leveling Section Orthometric Height Difference in a Ground Subsidence Area in Imperial Valley, California, Surveying and Land Information Systems, Vol. 57, No. 2, pp. 100-119.
Pelzer, H., 1978. Geodatische Uberwachung dynamischer Systeme I. 2nd International Symposium on Deformation Measurements, Bonn, 25-28.
POB, 2003. Point of Beginning Magazine, http://www.pobonline.com/.
Welsch, W. M., Otto Heunecke, 2001. Models and terminology for the analysis of geodetic monitoring observations, Official Report of the Ad-Hoc Committee of FIG Working Group 6.1.
Zilkoski, D.B., Richards, J.H., Young, G.M., 1992. Results of the general adjustment of the North American Vertical datum of 1988, Surveying Land Information Systems, 52,133-149.
QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top
系統版面圖檔 系統版面圖檔