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研究生:孫永偉
研究生(外文):Yung-Wei Sun
論文名稱:冷水灌溉矮化番茄苗機制之探討
論文名稱(外文):Studies on the mechanisms of reduction of stem elongation by cold water irrigation in tomato seedlings.
指導教授:張武男張武男引用關係曾夢蛟
指導教授(外文):Woo-Nang ChangMenq-Jiau Tseng
學位類別:博士
校院名稱:國立中興大學
系所名稱:園藝學系
學門:農業科學學門
學類:園藝學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2004
畢業學年度:92
語文別:中文
論文頁數:183
中文關鍵詞:冷水荷爾蒙番茄
外文關鍵詞:cold waterhormonestomato
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本試驗選用育苗過程中易發生徒長現象之番茄為試驗材料,探討冷水灌溉方式對提升穴盤苗品質之影響,及植物荷爾蒙在冷水抑制莖徒長上所扮演的關鍵調控角色。本研究藉由澆灌不同水溫之灌溉水,以確認冷水灌溉在抑制幼苗徒長方面之效果,進而利用外加生長調劑方式模擬冷水灌溉效果,比較株高、細胞型態及植物荷爾蒙生合成之關鍵酵素基因表現的變化、最後以植物荷爾蒙生合成基因突變之植株來驗證冷水灌溉矮化番茄苗之理論,期望能對冷水灌溉矮化番茄苗之機制有一深入的瞭解。本研究目的,為建立冷水灌溉矮化番茄苗之系統,以作為種苗產業應用之參考依據,及探討植物荷爾蒙在調控冷水灌溉矮化番茄苗之機制。
比較不同水溫對番茄品種′花蓮亞蔬五號′穴盤苗植株生育影響之試驗結果顯示當灌溉水溫較室溫水低或高均可抑制番茄苗莖伸長,以冷水處理(5℃)能獲得較高莖強度及壯苗指數(地上部乾物重/株高比值)之番茄苗。冷水處理主要抑制植株部位為第一節間莖長。冷水灌溉時間於每日清晨8:00進行較中午13:00及下午16:00能夠獲得更矮之植株;每日植株最大生長速率出現時間為夜晚至清晨期間。冷水處理三週,矮化植株的效果最佳,且冷水處理之溫度愈低或處理持續時間愈長,矮化植株效果愈明顯。冷水澆灌至栽培介質內,介質土溫能夠在60-90秒內降至最低點,土溫回復至正常溫度約需60分鐘;葉溫較土溫變化程度大且葉片回溫時間較介質為短。
以冷水(5℃)及溫水(約25℃)灌溉番茄苗,並噴施不同種類及濃度生長調節劑模擬冷水灌溉矮化番茄苗效果。五種主要植物生長調節劑auxin、cytokinin、GAs、乙烯及ABA中只有GAs及乙烯處理能夠改變番茄苗莖長,前者促進莖伸長,後者抑制莖伸長。噴灑GAs藥劑會降低冷水灌溉之壯苗指數值及葉綠素含量至類似溫水灌溉;噴灑乙烯藥劑雖可抑制溫水灌溉之莖伸長但其壯苗指數及葉綠素含量卻呈下降趨勢,與冷水灌溉結果不同。進一步以PP333 (GAs生合成抑制劑)或STS (乙烯生合成抑制劑)來消除GAs或乙烯效應,由壯苗指數及葉綠素含量變化得知,噴灑PP333藥劑可抑制溫水灌溉之株高、提升溫水灌溉或冷水灌溉加GAs處理之壯苗指數值及葉綠素含量至類似冷水灌溉;但噴灑STS或IAA (乙烯誘導劑)處理無法提升冷水灌溉之株高或促進冷水矮化植株效果。
以光學顯微鏡及掃描式電子顯微鏡觀察組織、細胞型態變化之結果顯示冷水灌溉處理番茄苗,顯著減少第一節間之莖部的細胞長度,對細胞數目及細胞寬度則無影響。溫水處理(25℃)植株同時噴施10 ppm PP333或53 ppm ethephon均能抑制莖長至類似冷水處理的效果,但以噴施PP333處理之莖部細胞長度、長度/寬度比值、葉片之氣孔密度、柵狀組織緊密程度與冷水處理類似,噴施ethephon處理之細胞型態與冷水處理不同。5℃+50 ppm GA或25℃+PP333+GA處理均能促進莖部細胞長度、長度/寬度比值、葉片之氣孔密度、柵狀組織緊密程度至類似室溫水處理的效果;5℃+STS處理無法改變細胞型態至類似室溫水處理的效果。
番茄苗噴灑各種生長調節劑(auxin、cytokinin、GAs、PP333、乙烯及ABA)處理,在關鍵GA生合成之3β-hydroxylase及20-oxidase mRNA表現上,以GA生合成抑制劑PP333處理組最高,冷水灌溉明顯高於室溫水灌溉。乙烯生合成之ACC synthase及ACC oxidase mRNA表現上,以ethephon處理組較高外,其餘生長調節劑處理無明顯差異,且不同水溫處理之差異亦不明顯。PP333或ethephon處理均可抑制番茄苗莖長至類似冷水灌溉,但其影響3β-hydroxylase及20-oxidase mRNA表現模式是不同的。比較噴灑STS處理之3β-hydroxylase、20-oxidase、ACC synthase及ACC oxidase 基因表現模式,顯示乙烯生合成在冷水灌溉與室溫水灌溉的番茄苗是沒有差異。
以冷水(5℃)及室溫水(約25℃)灌溉不同突變種(Nr、epi、gib-3)及其野生種(Pearson、VFN8、Money maker)之番茄幼苗之試驗結果顯示,冷水灌溉能夠抑制Nr、Pearson、VFN8及Money maker等品種(系)之株高,但對於epi及gib-3突變種的影響則不明顯,亦即乙烯過量表現(epi)及GA缺乏(gib-3)則無冷水抑制莖長的現象。冷水灌溉均能夠抑制各品種(系)之細胞長度,唯對於gib-3突變種無明顯抑制效果。在所有供試品種(系),冷水灌溉後之3β-hydroxylase及20-oxidase mRNA表現量均較室溫水灌溉為多,但是ACC synthase及ACC oxidase mRNA表現量則沒有差異。隨外加GAs濃度增加,gib-3突變種之株高增加,3β-hydroxylase及20-oxidase mRNA表現量降低,但ACC synthase及ACC oxidase mRNA表現量則無明顯變化。綜合上述結果得知若番茄植株之GA生合成突變(GAs生合成降低),植株將不再受冷水灌溉影響其株高及3β-hydroxylase與20-oxidase表現,但乙烯生合成突變(增加或減少)仍受到冷水灌溉影響。因此冷水矮化番茄苗植株之作用機制是經由減少GA量來調控的。
綜合上述結果顯示5℃冷水灌溉能夠有效的矮化植株及提升種苗品質,可作為種苗產業之參考及應用。冷水灌溉主要抑制植株部位為第一節間的細胞長度導致莖長變短。冷水灌溉能夠明顯抑制番茄苗莖長與GAs生合成受阻關係密切,乙烯生合成在冷水灌溉矮化番茄苗反應上似乎並沒有扮演重要的角色。

The purposes of this study were to establish the cold-water irrigation system for plug-seedlings production, and to reveal the possible mechanisms by which cold-water mediated the reduction of stem elongation in tomato seedlings.
The shortest seedlings were found in the seedlings irrigated with the lowest or highest water temperature. However, highest stem strength and seedling index were only found in the seedling irrigated with the 5℃ water. Decrease in the length of first internode was primarily responsible for the shortening seedling by cold-water irrigation. Irrigation of cold water in the morning (8:00) or evening (16:00) showed the best results in shortening seedling. After the cold water irrigation, the soil temperature drop to minimum within 60 to 90 sec, and recovered to the room temperature after 60 min. Longer period of cold-water irrigation and lower the cold-water temperature resulted in shorter seedlings.
Significant reduction in the plant height and increases in the seedling index and chlorophyll contents were found in the seedlings irrigated with cold water. Among five major groups of plant hormones, only GAs and ethylene could promote or inhibit the stem elongation of tomato seedlings, respectively. Increase in the seedling index and chlorophyll contents by cold-water irrigation was inhibited by GAs application. Stem elongation induced by room-water irrigation was inhibited by ethylene application, but seedling index and chlorophyll contents were decreased. Furthermore, the PP333 and STS were applied to abolish the actions of GAs and ethylene, respectively. The results indicated that the PP333 could mimic the actions of cold-water on tomato seedlings for reduction of stem elongation, and increases in the seedling index and chlorophyll contents, but STS was fail to abolish the action of cold-water.
The results indicated that the significant decrease in the cell length of first internode was found in the tomato seedlings irrigated with cold water (5℃), and there were no changes in the cell numbers and cell width. Both pp333 (10 ppm) and ethephon (53 ppm) applications can cause the reduction of stem elongation of tomato seedlings at room temperature. The cellular morphological chacters, such as cell length, the ratio of cell length to width, stomata density, and compact palisade tissue in PP333-trteaded seedlings were similar to those in cold-water irrigated seedlings, but different from those in the ethephon-treated seedlings. Increases in cell length, the ratio of cell length to width, stomata density, and compact palisade tissue were found in the 5℃+GA-treated, 25℃+PP333+GA-treated, and cold-water irrigated seedlings, but not in the 5℃+STS-treated seedlings.
The expressions of 3β-hydroxylase and 20-oxidase genes were higher in the cold-water irrigated seedlings than in the room-temperature irrigated seedlings, but declined after addition of GAs. Both PP333 and ethephon application could cause reduction of stem elongation in tomato seedlings, but had the different patterns in induction of the expressions of 3-hydroxylase and 20-oxidase genes. The results of effects of STS (silver thiosulphate) on the expression of 3β-hydroxylase, 20-oxidase, ACC synthase, and ACC oxidase genes implied that there were no differences in the ethylene metabolism between cold-water irrigated and room-temperature irrigated seedlings.
The reduction of stem elongation was found in the Nr, Pearson, VFN8, and Money maker, but not in the epi and gib-3 after 3-weeks of cold-water irrigation, i.e. the inhibition of stem elongation caused by cold-water was not shown in the situations of ethylene over-expression (epi) and GA shortage (gib-3). Except gib-3, decreases in the cell length were found in all other varieties (lines). Increases in the expression of 3β-hydroxylase and 20-oxidase genes were found in all varieties (lines) after cold-water irrigation, but not the expressions of ACC synthase and ACC oxidase genes. In responding to the increasing doses of GA, increases in plant height, and decreases in the transcripts of 3β-hydroxylase and 20-oxidase genes were found in gib-3, but there were no differences in the transcripts of ACC synthase and ACC oxidase genes.
In conclusion, cold-water irrigation system for the production of plug-grown seedlings could be useful in the commercial application. Decrease in the cell length of first internode was primarily responsible for the reduction of stem elongation induced by cold-water irrigation. It is suggested that blocking GA metabolism, not ethylene, may be involved in the events of cold-water mediated reduction of stem elongation in tomato seedling.

中文摘要∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙I
英文摘要∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙IV
緒言∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙VII
第一章、 前人研究∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙1-1
第二章、 不同水溫對番茄苗生育之影響∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙2-1
中文摘要∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙2-1
英文摘要∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙2-2
前言∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙2-3
材料與方法∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙2-6
結果∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙2-9
討論∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙2-19
第三章、 生長調節劑在冷水灌溉矮化番茄幼苗上扮演之角色∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙3-1
中文摘要∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙3-1
英文摘要∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙3-2
前言∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙3-3
材料與方法∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙3-7
結果∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙3-9
討論∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙3-19
第四章、 冷水灌溉及生長調節劑對番茄苗細胞型態之影響∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙4-1
中文摘要∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙4-1
英文摘要∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙4-2
前言∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙4-3
材料與方法∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙4-6
結果∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙4-9
討論∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙4-23
第五章、 冷水灌溉及生長調節劑對番茄之3β-hydroxylase、20-oxidase、
ACC synthase及ACC oxidase基因表現之影響∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙5-1
中文摘要∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙5-1
英文摘要∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙5-2
前言∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙5-3
前人研究∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙5-4
材料與方法∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙5-13
結果∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙5-17
討論∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙5-34
第六章、 冷水對突變種番茄苗之生長、細胞型態及基因表現之影響∙∙∙∙∙∙∙6-1
中文摘要∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙6-1
英文摘要∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙6-2
前言∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙6-3
前人研究∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙6-4
材料與方法∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙6-11
結果∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙6-15
討論∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙6-30
結論∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙7-1
參考文獻∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙∙7-5

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