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研究生:林忠逸
研究生(外文):Zhong-Yi Lin
論文名稱:蝴蝶蘭裸根及黑暗模擬貯運對蝴蝶蘭植株生長之影響
論文名稱(外文):Effect of bare root and dark simulated transport on growth of Phalaenopsis
指導教授:林瑞松林瑞松引用關係
指導教授(外文):Ruey-Song Lin
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中興大學
系所名稱:園藝學系
學門:農業科學學門
學類:園藝學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2004
畢業學年度:92
語文別:中文
論文頁數:131
中文關鍵詞:蝴蝶蘭裸根黑暗貯運根部活性乙烯藥劑
外文關鍵詞:Phalaenopsisbare rootdark transportroot vigorethylenechemicals
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本研究主要探討蝴蝶蘭裸根處理後,於20 ℃下經黑暗模擬貯運對其外觀與品質所造成之影響。並且瞭解蘭株於復水後,常造成下位葉黃化及延遲開花之原因。嘗試以不同濃度蘋果酸、脯胺酸、胺基三唑(aminotriazole, ATA)及葡萄糖醛酸藥劑於貯運前處理,以求改善蝴蝶蘭經貯運後生育活力之快速恢復。
裸根會造成蝴蝶蘭Phal. amabilis及大白花Phal. hybrid ‘H89112’乙烯生成量及呼吸率快速提升。黑暗貯運3、4及5天出庫之後,葉片外觀無明顯改變,根部則呈現乾癟、木栓化而使其根部活性由原來2.57 O.D/g及6.18 O.D/g分別下降為2.01 O.D/g和1.89 O.D/g。分析由上數來第二葉葉綠素含量變化以大白花Phal. hybrid ‘H89112’葉片減少較顯著,平均下降0.195 mg/g.FW,兩品系下位葉則影響較小。蝴蝶蘭Phal. amabilis及大白花Phal. hybrid ‘H89112’出庫後各處理間可溶性糖變化不顯著,澱粉含量以蝴蝶蘭大白花Phal. hybrid ‘H89112’隨黑暗天數增加而減少。裸根後蘭株無論照光與否,均會使蘋果酸含量減少。
暗處理出庫後給予復水可促使ACC oxidase活性提升,大白花Phal. hybrid ‘H89112’品系下位葉、外側根及內側根與Phal. amabilis的外側根均可測得酵素活性顯著的變化。蝴蝶蘭Phal. amabilis以下位葉19.29 nl/g.FW.hr提升最高,大白花Phal. hybrid ‘H89112’則是外側根33.62 nl/g.FW.hr變化較大。此活性的改變可促使ACC快速氧化成乙烯,造成復水後乙烯含量的上升,導致下位葉黃化,根部活性降低。種植後Phal. amabilis可溶性糖含量可明顯提升,但大白花Phal. hybrid ‘H89112’下位葉卻會減少,兩品系澱粉含量與種植前則無顯著改變。蘋果酸含量以Phal. amabilis復水後恢復速率較大白花Phal. hybrid ‘H89112’快,以5天黑暗處理者可提升至4.34 mM/g.FW,大白花Phal. hybrid ‘H89112’則為1.28 mM/g.FW。
本試驗以藥劑處理後,分析出庫與種植7天後蝴蝶蘭各種生理性狀的改變,以浸置蘋果酸100 mM及脯胺酸5 mM效果較佳。無論葉綠素、蘋果酸、可溶性糖含量以及根部活性皆以處理蘋果酸及脯胺酸藥劑者佳,且於之後種植期間有較佳生育活力。但以ATA藥劑處理對於Phal. amabilis及大白花Phal. hybrid ‘H90114’澱粉含量有較顯著的效果。
蝴蝶蘭Phal. amabilis浸藥後種植4個月至開花,其蘋果酸藥劑對葉綠素、可溶性糖含量及根部活性效果已減少,但對植體內蘋果酸仍可維持較高含量。較高濃度的脯胺酸對葉綠素及根部活性仍可維持其功效。葡萄糖醛酸1000 ppm處理可得較大花朵,ATA處理組花朵數較少,藥劑處理對花梗數、花梗長度及花朵數並無明顯相關性。
The effects of transportation stress on phalaenopsis appearance and quality were studied. The phalaenopsis plants with bare root to undergo simulated dark transport at 20 ℃. Moreover, the aims of studies tried to find out the cause of basal leaves yellowing and bloom delayed after rewatering. For improving phalaenopsis produced vigor swiftly recovered from dark transport, chemicals were used by different concentrations of malate, proline, aminotriazole and glucuronic acid before transport.
Bare root would make Phal. amabilis and Phal. hybrid ‘H89112’ ethylene production and respiration rate increased quickly. After simulated dark transport for 3, 4, 5 days, no significant changes were found in leaves appearance but roots became inactivity resulted in dry and shrinkage and suberizated, which led Phal. amabilis and Phal. hybrid ‘H89112’ root activity to decrease into 2.01 O.D/g and 1.89 O.D/g from original 2.57 O.D/g and 6.18 O.D/g, respectively. The second upper chlorophyll content of leaf, the leaf of Phal. hybrid ‘H89112’ presented significant decline on chlorophyll, the average decline was 0.195 mg/g.FW. Effects of stresses on two species basal leaves were less affected. The changes of total soluble sugar between treatment showed no significant change. The starch content of Phal. hybrid ‘H89112’ second leaf from upper decreased following dark days past. Regardless of lighting, phalaenopsis plants with bare root would decrease malate content as well.
Rehydration could make ACC oxidase activation after simulated dark transport. Measuring on enzyme activity in basal leaf, internal and external root of Phal. hybrid ‘H89112’ and internal root of Phal. amabilis became more vigority, The most higher enzyme activity of Phal. amabilis on the basal leaf was 19.29 nl/g.FW.hr, Phal. hybrid ‘H89112’ on internal root was 33.62 nl/g.FW.hr. The changes of enzyme activity made ACC oxidized into ethylene quickly. Rehydration made ethylene production arised and led to yellow of basal leaf, set down root activity. Total soluble sugar content of Phal. amabilis could be promoted after transplant for 7 days, but its content in Phal. hybrid ‘H89112’ was decreased. The starch content of two species were the same as trend of plant which before transplant. After rehydration, malate content of Phal. amabilis recovered faster than Phal. hybrid ‘H89112’. The level of Phal. amabilis undergoing 5 dark days could increased to 4.34 mM/g.FW, but ‘H89112’ was 1.28 mM/g.FW.
The changes of physiological properties of phalaenopsis which treated with chemicals from departure of storage room and transplanted for 7 days. Soaking in malate 100 mM and proline 5 mM made much more effect. After drenching malate and proline chemicals, chlorophyll, malate, total soluble sugar content and root activity had better works, and then could get more superior in nursery plant vigority after transplanted for 7 days. Nevertheless, effect of treated with ATA on both Phal. amabilis and Phal. hybrid ‘H90114’ to increase starch content at significant effect.
After treating Phal. amabilis chemicals then transplanted for 4 months until flowering, the effect of malate chemical on chlorophyll, total soluble sugar and root activity was useless, but malate level in plant remained higher. Higher concentration of proline on chlorophyll and root activity still kept in superior grade. Treatment with 1000 ppm glucuronic acid could get large flower size, but treated with ATA had less flower numbers. There was no significant relationship of chemical effect between flower stalk number, length and flower numbers after treating chemicals.
壹、前言(Introduction)........................................1
貳、前人研究 (Literature review)..............................3
一、蝴蝶蘭植株特性............................................3
(一)蝴蝶蘭CAM型光合作用的方式...............................3
(二)CAM代謝的特性...........................................5
二、乙烯對植體老化的關係......................................7
(一)乙烯的產生..............................................7
(二)乙烯對根部形態的改變....................................8
三、逆境對蝴蝶蘭生育之影響...................................11
(一)黑暗逆境...............................................11
(二)失水逆境...............................................14
(三)植物對缺水逆境之反應...................................15
四、藥劑處理對植株活力的影響.................................20
(一)蘋果酸(malate).........................................20
(二)脯胺酸(proline)........................................21
(三)胺基三唑(aminotriazole,ATA)...........................23
(四)葡萄糖醛酸(glucuronic acid)............................24
參、材料與方法 (Material and methods) .......................26
一、植株材料.................................................26
二、模擬貯運與栽培環境.......................................26
三、試驗方法.................................................26
(一)蝴蝶蘭經黑暗裸根處理之影響.............................26
(二)貯運前不同濃度藥劑處理對蝴蝶蘭生育活力之影響...........27
(三)蝴蝶蘭Phal. amabilis裸根浸藥經黑暗處理後,種植至開花之調
查.....................................................27
四、試驗分析.................................................28
(一)裸根及黑暗處理對蝴褋蘭外觀之調查.......................28
(二)葉綠素含量之分析.......................................28
(三)裸根及黑暗處理對根部活性之分析.........................29
(四)蝴蝶蘭裸根後根尖外觀之變化.............................29
(五)呼吸率及乙烯含量之測定.................................29
(六)ACC活性之測定..........................................30
(七) ACC oxidase活性之測定.................................30
(八)蘋果酸含量之測定.......................................31
(九)全可溶性糖與澱粉之分析.................................31
四、 統計分析................................................32
肆、結果 (Results) ..........................................33
一、蝴蝶蘭裸根經黑暗模擬貯運處理對植株外觀及生理性狀之影響...33
二、貯運前不同藥劑處理對蝴蝶蘭生理反應之影響.................38
三、裸根浸藥經黑暗處理後,植株種植至開花之各種性狀之調查.....41
伍、討論 (Discussion)........................................85
一、裸根及黑暗貯運逆境對蝴蝶蘭生育之影響.....................85
二、不同藥劑處理改善裸根黑暗貯運後生育活力之影響.............90
(一)貯運前不同藥劑處理對蝴蝶蘭生理反應之影響.................90
(二)不同藥劑處理對蝴蝶蘭開花品質之調查.......................94
陸、中文摘要 (Summary) ......................................97
柒、英文摘要 (English summary) ..............................99
捌、參考文獻 (Reference) ...................................101
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