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研究生:洪文鎰
研究生(外文):Wen-Yi Hung
論文名稱:在價格敏感的隨機需求下針對短生命週期產品的供應商選擇及分配銷決策之研究
論文名稱(外文):Supplier Selection and Distribution Decision under Price-sensitive Random Demand of Short-life-cycle Products
指導教授:謝中奇謝中奇引用關係
指導教授(外文):Chung-Chi Hsieh
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立成功大學
系所名稱:工業管理科學系碩博士班
學門:商業及管理學門
學類:其他商業及管理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2004
畢業學年度:92
語文別:英文
論文頁數:87
中文關鍵詞:協商供應練分配銷決策供應商選擇
外文關鍵詞:Supply chainCoordinationSupplier selectionDistribution Decision
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  This study considers the supplier selection and distribution decision in a three-echelon supply chain, which includes multiple suppliers, one manufacturer and multiple retailers. The supply chain operates to meet a price-sensitive random demand of a short-life-cycle product. In the supply chain, the manufacturer orders parts from a number of suppliers. It then determines which suppliers to order from and how much to order in order to minimize its ordering cost according to the suppliers' discount schedules. After the manufacturer obtains the materials from suppliers, it converts them into products and sells the products to the retailers. The manufacturer needs to determine the selling price and the production quantity in order to maximize its profit.After receiving the products from the manufacturer, the retailers sell the products to customers. The retailers face different markets, each with price-sensitive random demand. The objectives of this thesis are to maximize the joint profit of the manufacturer and the retailers in the presence of coordination, optimize each individual profit in the absence of coordination, compare the performance of the optimal policies with and without coordination, and nalyze the parameters effect.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : i
LIST OF TABLES : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : iv
LIST OF FIGURES : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : viii
CHAPTER
I. INTRODUCTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . 1
1.1 Motivation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
1.2 Assumptions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
1.3 Objectives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
1.4 Organization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
II. LITERATURE REVIEW . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6
2.1 Defnition of a Supply Chain . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6
2.2 Research in Single Period Problem . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7
2.3 Supply Chain Coordination . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8
2.3.1 Risk issue . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
2.3.2 Optimal number of suppliers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10
2.3.3 Supplier selection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
2.3.4 Distribution decision . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .13
2.4 Summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .14
III. MODEL DEVELOPMENT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
3.1 Notations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .16
3.2 Manufacturer's Ordering and Supplier Selection Policy for Given
Demand . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
3.2.1 Problem formulation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .20
3.2.2 Optimization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
3.2.3 Genetic optimization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
3.2.3.1 Representation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
3.2.3.2 Initialization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
3.2.3.3 Evaluation and selection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
3.2.3.4 Reproduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
3.3 The Model of Multiple Suppliers, One Manufacturer, and Mul-
tiple Retailers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .26
3.3.1 The manufacturer and the retailers are in the absence
of coordination . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .27
3.3.1.1 Manufacturer's optimal decision . . . . . . . . . . . . .27
3.3.1.2 Retailers' optimal decision . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .31
3.3.2 The manufacturer and the retailers are in the presence
of coordination . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .34
3.3.2.1 Coordination strategy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .34
3.3.2.2 Optimal coordination decision . . . . . . . . . . . . . .34
3.4 Summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .36
IV. EXPERIMENTAL STUDY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38
4.1 The Simulations of Multiple Suppliers, One Manufacturer, Mul-
tiple Retailers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .38
4.1.1 Case 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38
4.1.2 Case 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41
4.1.3 Case 3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45
4.1.4 Case 4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47
4.2 Parameter Analysis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50
4.2.1 Parameter Analysis of Suppliers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .50
4.2.2 Parameter Analysis of Manufacturer . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51
4.2.3 Parameter Analysis of Retailers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .54
V. SUMMARY AND FUTURE DIRECTIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58
5.1 Conclusion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58
5.2 Future Directions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .59
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APPENDICES : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : 65
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