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研究生:蔡宇傑
研究生(外文):Yu-Jie Tsai
論文名稱:Kapton聚醯亞胺樹脂之改質研究
論文名稱(外文):Study of improving Kapton resin
指導教授:蔡三元
指導教授(外文):S. Y. Tsay
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立成功大學
系所名稱:化學工程學系碩博士班
學門:工程學門
學類:化學工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2004
畢業學年度:92
語文別:中文
論文頁數:107
中文關鍵詞:聚苯噁唑聚醯亞胺
外文關鍵詞:KaptonPIpolybenzoxazolepolyimide
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本研究合成含有懸掛苯環和羥基之2,6-二胺基-4-苯基苯酚(DAPP)二胺,再與4,4-二胺基二苯醚(ODA)、苯均四酸二酐(PMDA)經由熱環化法合成數種可繞曲性之共聚醯亞胺,並探討DAPP二胺對共聚醯亞胺的物理性質之影響。
利用FT-IR鑑定各種共聚醯亞胺之結構,再藉由DSC、TGA等分析以探討其熱安定性和玻璃轉移溫度;以及使用拉力機和介電分析儀測定各種共聚醯亞胺之機械性質與介電常數。
結果顯示,DAPP二胺的含量超過40%之共聚醯亞胺可溶解於加熱的NMP、DMAc及DMF等有機溶劑,而且具有高玻璃轉移溫度(351.4~357.5oC)、高起始模數(3.81~3.93 GPa)。共聚醯亞胺在高於420oC之溫度下,會有部分醯亞胺環轉化成苯噁唑環,轉化後的共聚醯亞胺具有較佳的熱穩定性、較低的介電常數和吸濕率,但不溶於有機溶劑。
A series of copolyimides containing phenyl and hydroxyl pendant groups were synthesized from various ratios of two diamines with one aromatic tetracarboxylic dianhydride through thermal imidization process to determine the effect of 2,6-diamino-4-phenylphenol(DAPP) on the physical properties of polymers.
The structures and physical properties of copolyimides were characterized by Ft-IR, DSC, TGA, Instron and dielectric analyzer.
Copolyimides containing more than 40% DAPP were soluble in hot NMP, DMAc and DMF , and possessed high glass transition temperature (351.4~357.5oC), high initial modulus (3.81~3.93GPa).
A segment of imide linkages were converted to benzoxazole linkages by decarboxylation at temperatures higher than 420oC under vacuum.Copolyimides were found to have better thermal stability, lower dielectric constant and lower moisture absorption and were insoluble in organic solvents after decarboxylation.
目 錄
中文摘要……………………………………………………………………Ⅰ
英文摘要……………………………………………………………………Ⅱ
誌謝…………………………………………………………………………Ⅲ
目錄…………………………………………………………………………Ⅳ
表目錄………………………………………………………………………Ⅵ
圖目錄………………………………………………………………………Ⅶ

第一章 前言………………………………………………………………1
1-1聚醯亞胺的沿革………………………………………………………1
1-2聚醯亞胺之特性及應用………………………………………………2

第二章 文獻回顧及相關理論……………………………………………5
2-1聚醯亞胺的分類………………………………………………………5
2-2聚醯胺酸之合成與醯亞胺化…………………………………………7
2-3聚醯亞胺之改質方法…………………………………………………10
2-4聚苯噁唑的介紹與發展………………………………………………13
2-5可研究目的……………………………………………………………16

第三章 實驗………………………………………………………………19
3-1藥品……………………………………………………………………19
3-2儀器設備………………………………………………………………20
3-3二酸酐與溶劑之純化…………………………………………………22
3-4單體的合成……………………………………………………………24
3-5改質聚醯亞胺的製備…………………………………………………26
3-6結構與物性分析………………………………………………………29

第四章 結果與討論………………………………………………………33
4-1二酸酐PMDA的純化……………………………………………………33
4-2單體的合成與分析……………………………………………………35
4-3聚醯亞胺的合成與鑑定………………………………………………42
4-4醯亞胺環轉化成苯噁唑環的合成與鑑定……………………………44
4-5本性黏度的測試………………………………………………………46
4-6溶解度測試……………………………………………………………48
4-7機械性質分析…………………………………………………………50
4-8 TGA分析………………………………………………………………52
4-9 DSC分析………………………………………………………………54
4-10 介電常數測試………………………………………………………57
4-11 吸濕率測試…………………………………………………………59
4-12 XRD分析……………………………………………………………60

第五章 結論………………………………………………………………61

參考文獻…………………………………………………………………102

自述………………………………………………………………………107
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