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研究生:洪瓊慧
研究生(外文):Chiung-Hui Hung
論文名稱:貝克特<結局>的可能詮釋:一個沒有結果的結局
論文名稱(外文):The Possible Interpretation of Beckett’s Endgame : The Game Without an End
指導教授:閻振瀛閻振瀛引用關係
指導教授(外文):Joseph C. Y. Yen
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立成功大學
系所名稱:外國語文學系專班
學門:人文學門
學類:外國語文學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2004
畢業學年度:92
語文別:英文
論文頁數:70
中文關鍵詞:荒謬劇荒謬劇場結局
外文關鍵詞:absurdThe Theater of the AbsurdEndgame
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論文提要:

  二次大戰之後,荒謬劇場興起,真實映射出生命的極度不安、痛苦、無奈與荒謬,表達人對現實環境不滿,卻又不能改善的無力感。貝克特在<結局>一劇中,便是採用荒謬劇的手法來呈現人類生存的困境。
  第一章,引文部分,將介紹貝克特與其荒謬劇場的特質,並簡介<結局>一劇的梗概。
  第二章,討論貝克特如何藉由場景的氛圍與角色的心境轉替,來呈現人類存在的困境。劇中,貝克特並未提供任何解決之道,因此留給觀眾莫大的臆測與想像空間。舞台上表現真實生活中難以出現的場景,暗示觀眾它的不可能存在性以及神秘性;四個殘廢的角色,不知他們從何而來?不知他們為何如此?不知他們遭遇何事?種種疑雲彷彿透露著人是被遺棄的族類,他們必須獨自面對接踵而來的挑戰。
  <結局>一 劇,有很多不同的詮釋。在第三章中,將提出幾項可能的詮釋及其意涵,但沒有一個詮釋可被視為完美或絕對的。儘管如此,<結局>一劇的確對人心有非常深刻且直接的衝擊,這倒是一個不爭的事實。
  在結論部分,本論文將提出另類的思考路徑。劇中,雖然妮爾到最後死了,而有機會逃離困境的人卻留存下來;下場是什麼?他們仍然是被終身監禁。精神與心靈上的折磨、茫然、無奈、恐懼;從此將像是反覆推著石頭的西斯佛斯般,一再重複著相同的苦難。人生,就像一場永無止境受苦受難的遊戲,周而復始。
Abstract

  After the Second World War, playwrights adopt a new dramaturgy to present the anguished, intolerable, and absurd life vividly. Writers of the Theater of the Absurd reveal that though people are not satisfied with their lives, they are impotent to improve it. In Endgame, Beckett presents the predicament of human existence using the dramaturgy of the Theater of the Absurd.

  In the first chapter, the part of introduction, I’ll focus my discussion on Beckett, the Theater of the Absurd, and writings of Endgame as well.

  In the following chapter, basic tones revealed in the building of settings and characters are discussed. On the one hand, the bare interior is not identifiable, as a result, the audience cannot recognize it as a genuine place. On the other hand, about the four disabled characters we don’t know how they have become what they are, what has happened to them and where they are from. It seems that they are forsaken into the world; and they are supposed to confront the situation by themselves. Beckett’s plays can be interpreted on many levels. In chapter three, I will give some potential interpretations of Endgame.

  In conclusion, I will give my personal interpretation in light of the ending of the play. Although Nell finally falls silent and is presumed dead, the other characters appear to have been sentenced to decay into eternity. Thus, their suffering is endless like Sisyphus rolling the stone without an end. It seems that life is a painstaking game without an end.
Table of Contents

Chapter One:
Introduction……………………………………………………………1
Chapter Two:
Basic Tones Revealed in the Building of Settings and Characters……19
Chapter Three:
Symbolic Notes Revealed in the Central Metaphors…………………43
Chapter Four:
Conclusion……………………………………………………………59
Bibliography…………………………………………………………………65
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