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研究生:吳瑞文
研究生(外文):Rey-Wen Wu
論文名稱:偵測不同時期台灣像片基本圖修測用航空影像內線性特徵物之變遷
論文名稱(外文):Change detection of linear features in multitemporal aerial images used for ortho map revision in Taiwan
指導教授:王蜀嘉王蜀嘉引用關係
指導教授(外文):Shue-Chia Wang
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立成功大學
系所名稱:測量工程學系碩博士班
學門:工程學門
學類:測量工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2004
畢業學年度:92
語文別:中文
論文頁數:70
中文關鍵詞:變遷偵測機率式鬆弛法線性特徵
外文關鍵詞:change detectionlinear featureprobabilistic relaxation
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:1
  • 點閱點閱:190
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:26
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:1
  不同時期影像中地物變遷情形偵測為GIS資料庫更新時之重要來源,因此許多研究針對此方向進行影像中之變遷偵測。於航空影像中變遷偵測所使用的方法大致可分為依光譜特性之變遷及幾何特性之變遷。前者較多而後者較少,幾何變遷的研究中主要以兩張影像萃取出之線性特徵直接進行匹配為主。由於不同時期影像拍攝時,受各種因素的影響使得兩張影像灰值並不一致,即使使用相同的特徵偵測模式於影像中相同地物上可能萃取出不同的線特徵資訊,若以該線特徵資訊直接進行匹配來判定是否變遷時將產生錯誤的結果。
  為了避免造成上述錯誤的結果,本研究在使用影像中線特徵進行變遷偵測時,提出修正的方案。本研究不直接匹配二不同時期影像所萃取出的線段,而是改為利用一期影像中萃取出之線段鏈套合於另一期影像對應位置上尋找該位置上是否有線段存在可能性,如果沒有則判斷是已變遷。但當影像外方位不是很精確或地物受高差移位影響時使得套合位置本身不精確,以致必須擴大尋找範圍,有可能使得在可能套合範圍內的線段並非單一,本研究試著以機率式鬆弛法計算線段鏈與所有可能被套合線段間之匹配機率來區分它們。
  為了測試本文所提方法之可行性,我們選取不同時期航空影像進行實驗。由實驗結果中可看出,以梯度萃取局部線段方法可成功偵測出與線段鏈套合位置近似之所有線段。加入機率式鬆弛法後計算出線段鏈與局部線段最高匹配機率可用於變遷偵測之參考。
  Changes of contents in aerial images from different epochs are important clues for updating GIS database. Many researches have dealt with this topic in the past. Approaches of change detection can generally be divided into two classes, namely the spectral approach and the geometric feature approach. The latter one finds changes in images that were taken at different epochs, by comparing extracted line features. This comparison is achieved usually through matching of line features from one epoch to another directly. But this method is not very effective. Because images taken at different epochs usually have very different gray value behavior even when their contents are exactly the same. That means, even when the same feature detector with exactly the same thresholds and control parameters were used to extract line features of images having no changes, different line could still be detected. This will of course give false alarms for changes.
  It is under this consideration that this research uses a different philosophy to detect line feature changes. Our method is based on evidence finding. Instead of trying to match the extracted line features directly, our method tries to prove (or disapprove) the existence of a line feature at the corresponding location where, in the other image, a line feature has been extracted. It is well known that, based on the principle of edge detection, if at any places there should be a line feature, there must be a local peak in the gradient value, no matter how strong or how weak this peak might be. Therefore finding evidences is equivalent to looking for the existence of local gradient peaks. When the exterior orientations of both images are known, the corresponding locations in both images are easily to be found. But if the exterior orientations of the two images are not known very well, the corresponding location of the line feature of one image in the other image could not be known very accurate. In this case the search area for local gradient peak must be enlarged. It is very probable that more than one line feature could exist in the search area. In order to cope with this problem, we use the probabilistic relaxation matching to find the best match between two images.
  In order to test the feasibility of this thought, we have made some experiments using two aerial images taken at different epochs. Result of the experiments show that our evidence finding approach is feasible and the use of the probabilistic relaxation does improve the chances of finding the correct match.
中文摘要.....................................I
Abstract.....................................II
誌謝.........................................IV
目 錄........................................V
表目錄.......................................VII
圖目錄.......................................VIII
第一章 前言.................................1
1-1 研究動機與目的.....................1
1-2 文獻回顧...........................2
1-3 研究方法與流程.....................6
1-4 論文架構...........................7
第二章 邊緣偵測及迴歸分析...................9
2-1 Förstner特徵運算元.................9
2-2 邊緣線像元之鏈結...................12
2-3 線性迴歸分析.......................15
第三章 直線型特徵變遷偵測模式................20
3-1 以局部區域梯度判斷線段存在..........20
3-2 不同時期之航空影像皆具有精確外方位..29
3-3 不同時期之航空影像僅有近似之外方位..31
第四章 實驗成果與分析........................39
4-1 實驗影像............................39
4-2 鬆弛法線特徵匹配成果................41
4-3 變遷偵測實驗內容及成果..............46
4-4 綜合分析............................51
第五章 結論與建議............................64
參考文獻.....................................67
參考文獻
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