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研究生:李馨慈
研究生(外文):Shing-Tzu Lee
論文名稱:應用累積位移法於地震引起之山崩潛勢分析
論文名稱(外文):Applications of Cumulative Displacement Method on Earthquake-induced Landslide Hazard Analysis
指導教授:陳時祖陳時祖引用關係
指導教授(外文):Shih-Tsu Chen
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立成功大學
系所名稱:資源工程學系碩博士班
學門:工程學門
學類:材料工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2004
畢業學年度:92
語文別:中文
論文頁數:108
中文關鍵詞:自然邊坡地震累積位移法山崩潛勢分析地形效應
外文關鍵詞:landslide hazard analysistopography amplification effectnature slopecumulative displacement methodseismic slope stability
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:28
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  • 下載下載:64
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:3
  本研究選擇南投縣鹿谷鄉與水里鄉交界處一個48平方公里的地區做地震引起之山崩潛勢分析。應用的方法是以Newmark累積位移法為基礎,分析921地震時邊坡產生之累積位移量,位移量愈大者其山崩潛勢也愈大。計算的結果再與地震誘發山崩分佈圖相比對,求取崩壞比值與位移量間之關係以了解分析結果之合理性,並可利用其關係式建立地震引發山崩之預測模式。由於研究區範圍不大,且區域內只有一個地震站,但是地形起伏很大,故若只用現有地震站記錄做為地震參數則會無法顯示出地形起伏對於地震力影響之特性。且許多統計資料顯示,地震引發之崩塌地多數發生在陡峭邊坡,且多位於坡頂附近,因此本文將考慮地震力由於地形起伏所引致之放大或縮小之效應,並探討加入地形效應對於山崩潛勢模式之影響。另外,本研究在地層材料參數設定上,是依據前人研究累積位移法後之建議使用在擬靜力法反算時,採用0.5之地震折減係數來反算地層的材料參數。
  由研究結果顯示:(1)使用累積位移法做地震引發之山崩潛勢分析之最終成果大致良好;(2)以擬靜力反算岩層材料參數,可解決實驗資料不足以及簡化反算分析過程的問題;(3) 考慮地形效應的結果可獲得較佳之正確率,但其崩壞比較不考慮地形效應者;(4)將坡度分成大於45度與小於45度分別反算材料參數,可得到較佳之正確率;(5)使用3×3矩陣作近鄰分析方法,可減少單獨出現之高潛勢或低潛勢網格,而使崩壞比增加;(6)將岩層材料以坡度區隔並考慮地形效應所計算之累積位移量與崩壞比間的關係,恰好可得到5公分之位移量可以作為一臨界值看待之結果。
  A mountainous area of 48 km2 of Taiwan is selected for earthquake triggered landslide hazard analysis. The Chi-Chi earthquake induced cumulative deformation of this area was calculated based on Newmark’s slide-block method. The larger displacements are supposed to have a higher probability of landslide failure. Then the distribution of the displacement is compared with the digital inventory of landslides triggered by the Chi-Chi earthquake to construct a probability curve relating predicted displacement to probability of failure. The degree of agreement between these two distribution maps is considered as a degree of success of this method. Since only one strong-motion station is located in this research area. Since only one station is located in the research area, the detailed variation of ground motion was not sufficient to represent, and the few station information cannot display the surface topography effects of the complicated topography of the research area. It has been reported that buildings located on the hilltops suffer much more intensive damage then those located at the base of hills. This study includes the complex amplification and deamplification effect causing by surface topography to predict the earthquake triggered landslide hazard. The geotechnic parameters of the area were calculated, performing a back-analysis based on the pseudo-static model. The past study advocated the use of a seismic coefficient of 0.5. The earthquake-induced landslide hazard analysis includes topographic effect have resulted in the higher accuracy rate, but it have resulted in the lower probability of failure.
摘要Ⅰ
誌謝Ⅲ
目錄Ⅳ
表目錄IV
圖目錄XIV

第一章 緒論1
1.1 前言1
1.2 研究動機與目的1
1.3 研究方法與流程3

第二章 文獻回顧5
2.1  集集地震引起之山崩5
2.1.1 集集地震概述5
2.1.2 集集地震誘發之山崩6
2.2 地震引起之山崩潛勢分析10
2.3 擬靜力法12
2.4 Newmark位移法14
2.4.1 位移法基本理論14
2.4.2 累積位移量經驗公式16
2.4.3 臨界位移量19
2.4.4 位移法應用於擬靜力分析之地震折減係數20
2.5 以定論法評估山崩潛勢21
2.6 地震波之地形效應25

第三章 研究方法29
3.1 資料收集與處理29
3.1.1 數值地形模型29
3.1.2 數值地質圖30
3.1.3 921集集地震變異點資料31
3.2 各參數之取得方式32
3.2.1 坡度32
3.2.2 滑動深度34
3.2.3 材料參數36
3.2.4 地震力參數39
3.3 擬靜力分析48
3.4 Newmark位移法分析48
3.4.1 計算臨界加速度48
3.4.2 累積位移量之經驗公式修正49

第四章 案例分析52
4.1 研究區域地理位置52
4.2 研究區域地質54
4.3 地層材料參數56
4.3.1 單位重57
4.3.2 摩擦角57
4.3.3 凝聚力57
4.4 分析參數58
4.4.1 邊坡幾何參數58
4.4.2 地震力參數61
4.6 地層參數反算67
4.7 Newmark 位移法分析山崩潛勢70

第五章 結果與討論80
5.1 地震引起之山崩潛勢圖製作81
5.1.1 不考慮地形放大效應之山崩機率模式81
5.1.2 考慮地形放大效應之山崩潛勢圖82
5.2 成果檢核83
5.2.1 不考慮地形效應影響之成果檢核83
5.2.2 考慮地形效應且材料參數以坡度45度為區隔之成果檢核85
5.3 綜合討論81
5.3.1 地震波受地形放大效應於研究區域之影響81
5.3.2 地層材料參數反算分析89
5.3.3 累積位移量經驗公式比較91
5.3.4 近鄰分析93
5.3.5 崩壞比與崩塌面積比95
5.3.6 與前人研究結果比較96

第六章 結論與建議98
6.1 結論98
6.2 建議99

參考文獻100
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