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研究生:賴義方
研究生(外文):E-Fan Lai
論文名稱:綠色供應鏈中綠色供應商之評估-以PCB供應商為例
論文名稱(外文):Green supplier management and evaluation system: taking LCD industry as an example
指導教授:施勵行施勵行引用關係
指導教授(外文):li-hsing shih
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立成功大學
系所名稱:資源工程學系碩博士班
學門:工程學門
學類:材料工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2004
畢業學年度:92
語文別:中文
論文頁數:124
中文關鍵詞:供應鏈管理多評準決策層級分析法綠色供應商管理
外文關鍵詞:supply chain managementgreen supplier management
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:163
  • 點閱點閱:1872
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:606
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:18
  隨著環境意識抬高,產品所引發之環境衝擊更是水漲船高,所以綠色供應鏈之建構已成為當前提供綠色產品與邁向永續性社會的主要挑戰及潮流。為尋求綠色供應鏈之健全,對於零組件或原料的供應商必需在現有的管理機制上,再加上有關永續發展的考量;易言之,即是推動綠色供應商管理,而本研究之主旨即在探討電子業綠色供應商管理的議題。
  本研究運用模糊層級分析法作為供應商評選之基礎,同時,並建議一套序列的評選程序,以便原廠設備製造商(OEM)之資料收集、選擇評選評準、評比評分、及調整決策權重。研究中,並以印刷電路板(PCB)之採購與供應為例,實際建構評估模式,討論本研究建議供應商評選方法的實用性及未來方向。
  結果不但可利用此評估程序來將供應商評分及評等,更可比較出供應商在各評準之優劣程度,而供應商也可藉此評估結果看出需加強及改善之評準;此方法不但比傳統之檢核表方法易評估,當資料量較大時更可減少評估時間及降低資料不確定所造成之影響。
  In recent years, green supply chain management has become important to ensure that production network could provide environmentally conscious (green) products. Among green supply chain management issues, supplier management is one key issue. This study focuses on green supplier evaluation and management where multiple attribute decision making methods are adopted to incorporate various environmental performance criteria.
  To demonstrate application potential of the proposed approach, a real case of supplier management for an OEM in LCD industry is presented. The advantages of the proposed approach are threefold. First, the evaluation process and criteria weight structure become clear by implementing the rigorous evaluation methods. Secondly, ambiguity and uncertainty in the evaluation can be incorporated with fuzzy logic. Lastly, decision makers can enhance the supplier management by using cardinal, ordinal or fuzzy grouping evaluation results via the proposed approach depending on various managerial considerations.
第一章 緒論 ……………………………………………………… 1
1-1 研究背景 ……………………………………………… 1
1-2 研究目的 ……………………………………………… 3
1-3 研究方法與流程 ……………………………………… 4
1-4 研究範圍與限制 ……………………………………… 6

第二章 文獻回顧 ………………………………………………… 7
2-1 綠色供應鏈管理之文獻....................... . 7
2-2 綠色供應商管理之文獻......................... 13
2-3 綠色供應商評估之文獻........................ 15
2-3-1 綠色供應商評估發展之文獻 ………………….15
2-3-2 供應商選擇方法..........................25
2-3-3 以層級分析法來評估綠色供應商 ................... 28
2-4 層級分析法與模糊理論之文獻……………………… 31
2-4-1 層級分析法 …………………………………… 31
2-4-2 模糊層級分析法 ……………………………… 35
2-5 印刷電路板業現況及製程之文獻................ 37
2-5-1 印刷電路板業之現況及趨勢 ………………… 37
2-5-2 印刷電路板的環境績效 ……………………… 40
第三章 綠色供應商評估系統之建置........................45
3-1 綠色供應商評估之管理意義…………………………. 45
3-1-1 重要環境法規與綠色供應鏈之趨勢……………45
3-1-2 領先廠商之綠色供應商管理作法………………49
3-1-3 台灣產業之供應商管理..................... 53
3-1-4 綠色供應商評估系統之管理意義............57
3-2 綠色供應商評估之步驟與流程....................62
3-3 綠色供應商評準之架構與準則得分估計........... 65
3-3-1 綠色供應商評準之架構.............65
3-3-2 準則得分估計.....................................68
3-4 綠色評準之模糊權重制定........................70
3-4-1 模糊及解模糊權重之計算..................70
3-4-2 模糊一致性檢定..........................74
3-4-3問卷之設計及整理.........................78

第四章 實證研究:LCD業之印刷電路板供應商評估…………. 81
4-1 LCD OEM之供應商評估流程………………………… 81
4-2 PCB供應商評準之架構與AHP………………………. 83
4-2-1 PCB供應商評估準則及階層架構............83
4-2-2 PCB供應商評準之屬性得分................91
4-3 各評凖權重之制定............................. 92
4-3-1 專家問卷之一致性檢定....................92
4-3-2 各評準模糊及解模糊權重之計算............96
4-4 綠色供應商評估分析...........................100
4-4-1 PCB供應商總模糊得分及分析.............100
4-4-2 PCB供應商解模糊總得分及分析...........104
4-4-3 敏感度分析............................107

第五章 結論與建議.....................................117

參考文獻..............................................120
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中文部分
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