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研究生:洪武德
研究生(外文):Wu-Te Hung
論文名稱:電源變頻控制晶片之研製
論文名稱(外文):Chip Design and Implementation for Inverter-Controlled Power Supplies
指導教授:黃世杰黃世杰引用關係
指導教授(外文):Shyh-Jier Huang
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立成功大學
系所名稱:電機工程學系碩博士班
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2004
畢業學年度:92
語文別:中文
論文頁數:103
中文關鍵詞:系統單晶片變頻控制
外文關鍵詞:System on a ChipInverter-Controlled
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  近年來家電產品中廣泛的採用電源變頻控制方法取代開關式的控制方法,以提升家電產品性能,本文應用脈波寬度調變變頻原理,設計一個電源變頻控制晶片,並可應用於一般家電產品的電源變頻控制上。
  文中所設計的電源變頻控制晶片,係採用系統單晶片的設計概念,將微處理器、數位電路及類比電路整合至一顆單晶片中,不僅減少外部電路的接線,且可降低電路成本,及提升電路運作的穩定度。
  此電源變頻控制系統晶片係使用一八位元處理器作為核心,而其控制之設定值乃由按鍵輸入埠輸入,並使用液晶顯示面板作為顯示輸出,而其控制系統係由比例積分控制器及八位元類比至數位轉換器所組成,晶片內部有脈波寬度調變信號產生器,以產生控制信號,藉以驅動脈波寬度調變驅動器電路,產生變頻電源輸出。本文並由模擬結果與硬體電路實作,證實依本文所設計之方法,於電源變頻控制上,確具控制電源供應頻率之功能,且兼備系統單晶片設計及實作參考之價值。
  With the advent of inverter-controlled method, the frequency control of supplying power is being widely adopted and investigated for home appliances nowadays. In this thesis, this concept is also employed for the design and implementation of a chip such that the source frequency of supplying power can be easily controlled.
  By use of the design paradigm of system-on-a-chip, the product completed in this thesis has included the microprocessor, digital circuit, and analog circuit within a single chip. In this way of design, the number of wires between the circuits can be largely reduced, while the operation stability can be well maintained and the investment cost can be saved.
  This inverter-controlled chip has utilized an 8-bit microprocessor as its core, and its control setting can be easily made through the keyboard input port. A liquid crystal display (LCD) panel is also given as the need of display output. The control system of this proposed scheme consists of PI controllers as well as 8-bit analog-to-digital converters. Inside the chip, the pulse-width-modulation signal generator be implemented such that the control signal can be properly generated in order to drive the circuit to adjust the source frequency to the need. To validate the effectiveness of this proposed approach, the software simulation and experimental tests are both made for the designated chip. Test results help confirm the method for the application considered, where the outcome can be also served as a useful reference for the design and implementation.
目錄
中文摘要 I
英文摘要 II
誌謝 III
目錄 IV
表目錄 VII
圖目錄 VIII
符號說明 XII
第一章 緒論 1
1-1 研究背景與動機 1
1-2 目的及方法 2
1-3 內容大綱 3
第二章 電源變頻控制相關理論 5
2-1 簡介 5
2-2 脈波寬度調變(PWM)變流器原理 5
2-3 電源變頻控制晶片應用種類 9
2-3-1 變頻電源供應控制 10
2-3-2 溫度恆溫控制 11
2-4 數位控制器之理論分析 12
2-4-1 空調系統分析 13
2-4-2 空調系統電腦模擬分析 17
2-4-3 比例積分控制器之理論分析 23
2-5 連續逼近式(SAR)類比/數位轉換器電路原理 25
2-6 IC設計流程及系統單晶片架構 28
第三章 電源變頻控制晶片電路架構 31
3-1 簡介 31
3-2 微處理器電路架構 33
3-2-1 6502微處理器電路 33
3-2-2 6502定址法及指令集 36
3-3 輸入/輸出介面(I/O)電路架構 44
3-3-1 單色液晶顯示器驅動電路 44
3-3-2 按鍵輸入埠電路 47
3-3-3 按鍵音產生器電路 49
3-4 八位元連續逼近式(SAR)類比/數位轉換器電路架構 51
3-4-1 控制邏輯電路 53
3-4-2 八位元數位/類比轉換器電路 55
3-4-3 比較器電路 58
3-4-4 模擬結果 59
3-5 數位比例積分控制器電路架構 64
3-5-1 數位比例積分控制器之MATLAB 電腦模擬 64
3-5-2 數位比例積分電路 67
3-6 脈波寬度調變(PWM)信號產生器電路架構 69
3-6-1 脈波寬度調變信號產生器電路 70
3-6-2 脈波寬度調變信號之計算及儲存 73
3-6-3 模擬結果 74
第四章 電源變頻控制晶片應用電路 76
4-1 簡介 76
4-2 PWM-VSI驅動器電路 77
4-3 溫度感測器電路 79
第五章 實驗結果 82
5-1 簡介 82
5-2 變頻電源供應測試 83
5-3 恆溫控制測試 90
第六章 結論與未來研究方向 95
6-1 結論 95
6-2 未來研究方向 96
參考文獻 97
附錄 102
作者簡介 103
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