(3.215.183.251) 您好!臺灣時間:2021/04/23 12:29
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果

詳目顯示:::

我願授權國圖
: 
twitterline
研究生:巫昌圜
研究生(外文):Chang-Huan Wu
論文名稱:內藏式永磁同步馬達弱磁控制於電動載具速度提升之探討與實現
論文名稱(外文):Study and Implementation of Flux-weakening Control of Interior Permanent-Magnet Synchronous Motors for Speed Performance Improving of Electric Vehicles
指導教授:鄭銘揚鄭銘揚引用關係
指導教授(外文):Ming-Yang CHeng
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立成功大學
系所名稱:電機工程學系碩博士班
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2004
畢業學年度:92
語文別:中文
論文頁數:85
中文關鍵詞:內藏式永磁同步馬達弱磁控制相位控制
外文關鍵詞:IPM motorflux-weakening controlphase advance control
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:24
  • 點閱點閱:1045
  • 評分評分:系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔
  • 下載下載:0
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:2
  本論文主要探討不須進行座標轉換之電流相位超前控制技術,以滿足內藏式永磁同步馬達(IPM馬達)於弱磁區仍具高轉速範圍的需求。此方法與一般須座標轉換的弦波弱磁控制方法相較,具有觀念易於理解及省去複雜的數學演算過程等優點,十分有利於將弱磁控制技術以晶片實現 。
  由於本論文所探討之內藏式永磁同步馬達具有非弦波亦非梯形波的反電動勢,因此利用六步方波脈寬調變及電壓空間向量脈寬調變技術(VSVPWM)並結合新一代的數位訊號處理器TMS320F2812,分別實現全數位式的方波及弦波電流相位超前控制之驅動技術。為了比較這兩種控制策略的速度提升性能、效率及實現的複雜度,本論文進行了數項實驗,其結果可作為在弱磁區擴展速度範圍,選擇控制策略的原則。
  This thesis mainly focuses on studying the current phase advance control technique without dealing with coordinate transformation of the current components, in which this technique can be applied to the interior permanent magnet synchronous motor so that the motor’s speed range in the flux weakening region can be extended. Compared with the conventional sinusoidal flux-weakening control, this method has advantages such as “easy to be understood” and “not computation intensive”. These salient features facilitate the implementation of flux-weakening current control using ICs.
  Due to the fact that the Back EMF of the IPM motors used in this study is neither sinusoidal nor trapezoidal, hence the six-step square-wave and VSVPWM techniques, combined with a new generation digital signal processor TMS320F2812, are employed to implement fully digital current phase advance control for the cases of square-wave and sinusoidal-wave, respectively. In addition, several experiments are conducted to compare the speed improving performance, efficiency, and implementation complexity of these two current phase advance control techniques. Experimental results are expected to provide a general criterion for selecting proper control strategies so that the speed range of the IPM motors in the flux weakening region can be extended.
中文摘要……………………………………………………………I
英文摘要……………………………………………………………II
誌謝…………………………………………………………………III
目錄…………………………………………………………………IV
表目錄………………………………………………………………VII
圖目錄………………………………………………………………VIII
符號表………………………………………………………………XII

第一章 緒論…………………………………………………………1
1.1 前言 ……………………………………………………………1
1.2 研究動機與文獻回顧 …………………………………………2
1.3 章節概要 ………………………………………………………4

第二章 永磁無刷馬達的數學模式及控制原理……………………5
2.1 永磁交流馬達的種類 …………………………………………5
2.1.1 無刷直流馬達 ………………………………………………6
2.1.2 內藏式永磁同步馬達 ………………………………………9
2.2 內藏式永磁同步馬達的控制原理……………………………12
2.2.1 電壓解耦控制………………………………………………15
2.2.2 相位控制法…………………………………………………19

第三章 全數位式馬達驅動技術 …………………………………26
3.1 簡介……………………………………………………………26
3.2 六步方波驅動法………………………………………………28
3.3 弦波驅動法……………………………………………………30

第四章 馬達極速之限制與弱磁控制原理 ………………………36
4.1 簡介……………………………………………………………36
4.2 馬達極速之限制………………………………………………37
4.3 弱磁控制原理…………………………………………………40
4.4 相位超前法之弱磁控制………………………………………47
4.4.1 相位超前補償………………………………………………48
4.4.2 方波相位超前法實現弱磁控制……………………………51
4.4.3 弦波相位超前法實現弱磁控制……………………………55
4.4.4 轉矩命令的轉換……………………………………………56

第五章 實驗架構 …………………………………………………57
5.1 系統硬體架構…………………………………………………57
5.2 實驗量測與分析………………………………………………62
5.3 實驗一:六步方波驅動與VSVPWM的電壓波形………………64
5.4 實驗二:電流控制器…………………………………………66
5.5 實驗三:方波驅動與相位超前角的驗證……………………70
5.6 實驗四:弦波驅動與相位超前角的驗證……………………72
5.7 實驗五:方波與弦波弱磁的比較……………………………74

第六章 結論與建議 ………………………………………………80
6.1 結論……………………………………………………………80
6.2 未來研究方向與建議…………………………………………82
參考文獻……………………………………………………………83
[1] H. Broeck, B. Vander, H.C. Skudelny, and G.V. Stanke, “Analysis and Realization of a Pulse Width Modulator Based on Voltage Space Vectors,” IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications,Vol.24, pp.142-150, 1988.
[2] C. C. Chan, J.Z. Jiang, W. Xia, and K. T. Chau, “Novel Wide Range Speed Control of Permanent Magnet Brushless Motor Drives,” IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, Vol.10, 1995.
[3] C. M. Ong, “Dynamic Simulation of Electric Machinery using Matlab/Simulink,” PRENTICE HALL Upper Saddle River, NJ 07458
[4] D. Y. Ohm, “Dynamic model of PM Synchronous Motors,” Drivetech Inc., Blacksburg, Virginia, www. Drivetechinc.com.
[5] D. Y. Ohm and R. J. Oleksuk, “Influence of PWM Schemes and Commutation Methods for DC and Brushless Motors,” Drivetech Inc., Blacksburg, Virginia, www. Drivetechinc.com.
[6] D. M. Alter, “Thermoelectric Cooler Control Using a TMS320F2812 DSP and a DRV592 Power Amplifier,” Texas Instruments Application Report sprA873-February, 2003.
[7] G. K. Miti, A. C. Renfrew, and B. J. Charlmers, “Field weakening regime for brushless DC motors based on instantaneous power theory,” IEE Proc-Electr. Power Appl., Vol.148, pp.265-271, 2001.
[8] J. S. Lawler, J. M. Bailey, and J. W. McKeever, “Limitations of the Conventional Phase Advance Method for Constant Power Operation of the Brushless DC Motor,” Proceeding IEEE SoutheastCon, pp.174-180, 2002.
[9] N. Mohan, T. M. Undeland, and W. P. Robbins, “Power of Electric Machinery,” IEEE Inc., NY, 1995.
[10] N. M. S. Kaneko; T. Miyazaki, R. Masaki, and S. Obara, “A Torque Controller suitable for Electric Vehicles,” IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, Vol.44, 1997.
[11] R. C. Becerra and M. Ehsani, “High-Speed Torque Control of Brushless Permanent magnet Synchronous Motors,” IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, Vol.35, pp. 402-406, 1988.
[12] R. Monajemy and R. Krishnan, “Implementation Strategies for Concurrent Flux Weakening and Torque Control of the PM Synchronous Motor,” IEEE Industry Applications Conference, Vol.1, pp.238 -245, 1995.
[13] S. Morimoto and Y. Takeda, “Expansion of Operating Limits for Permanent Magnet Motor by Current Vector Control Considering Inverter Capacity,” IEEE Transactions on Industry applications, Vol.26 , pp.866-871, 1990.
[14] S. Morimoto, M. Sanada, and Y. Takeda, “Wide-Speed Operation of Interior Permanent magnet Synchronous Motors with High-Performance Current Regulator,” IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications ,Vol.30 , 1994.
[15] S. M. Kimata, A. Satake, and S. Azuma, “Research of control system of Permanent Magnet Brushless Synchronous Motor for EV,” Tsinghua University, Beijing, P.R.CHINA
[16] S. I. Park, T. S. Kim, S. C. Ahn, and D. S. Hyuin, “An improved current control method for torque improvement of high-speed BLDC motor,” IEEE Applied Power Electronics Conference and Exposition,Vol.1, pp.294-299, 2003.
[17] T. M. Johns, G.. B. Kliman, and T. W. Neumann, “Interior Permanent-magnet Synchronous Motors for Adjustable-Speed Drives,” IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, Vol.22, pp.738-747, 1986.
[18] T. M. Johns, “Flux-weakening Regime Operation of a Interior Permanent-magnet Synchronous Motors Drive,” IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, Vol.23, pp.681-689, 1987.
[19] T. M. Johns, “Motion Control with Permanent-Magnet AC Machines,” proceedings of the IEEE, Vol.82, pp.1241-1252, 1994.
[20] T. Salem and T. A. Haskew, “Simulation of the brushless DC machine,” Proceedings of the IEEE, pp.18-22, 1995.
[21] Texas Instruments, TMS320C2x/C2xx/C5x Optimizing C compiler User’s Guide, 1995.
[22] Texas Instruments, Field Orientated Control of 3-Phase AC-motor, 1998.
[23] Texas Instruments, DSP solutions for BLDC motors, March, 1997.
[24] Texas Instruments, eZdsp F2812 Technical Reference B, Spectrum Digital Inc., 2002.
[25] Z. Yu, “Space-Vector PWM with TMS320C24x/F24x Using Hardware and Software Determined Switching Patterns,” Texas Instruments Application Report sprA524.
[26] Y. S. Jeon, H. S. Mok, G.. H. Choe, D. K. Kim, and J. S. Ryu, “A New Simulation Model of BLDC Motor With Real EMF Waveform,” IEEE Computers in Power Electronics, pp.217-220, 2000.
[27] Z. Mihailovic, “Modeling and Control Design of VSI-Fed PMSM Drive Systems with Active Load,” Blacksburg, Virginia, 1998.
[28] 仲成儀器股份有限公司,“電動機控制理論與實習”, 全華科技圖書股份有限公司,1996。
[29] 邱天基,陳國堂,“電機機械”全華科技圖書股份有限公司,1996。
[30] 陳正虎,“應用新一代數位信號處理器於感應馬達直接轉矩控制研究”,成功大學機械系碩士論文,1999。
[31] 陳秋麟,“電機機械基本原理”,東華書局股份有限公司,1996。
[32] 陳皇佑,“無刷直流馬達高性能轉矩控制設計在動力系統之應用”, 成功大學機械系碩士論文,1999。
[33] 陳建武,“永磁式同步馬達伺服控制晶片之研製”,南台科技大學電機系碩士論文,2002。
[34] 許誌尤,“輔以弱磁驅動策略之電動機車馬達控制系統製作”,交通大學電機與控制工程系碩士論文,1990。
[35] 黃昌圳,孫清華,“最新無刷直流馬達”,全華科技圖書股份有限公司,2001。
[36] 曾建華,“電動車相關資訊”,自由時報11月13日,1997。
[37] 智電科技有限公司,“無刷直流馬達DSP數位控制實驗手冊”。
[38] 劉昌煥,“交流電機控制-向量控制與直接轉矩控制原理”,東華書局,2001。
連結至畢業學校之論文網頁點我開啟連結
註: 此連結為研究生畢業學校所提供,不一定有電子全文可供下載,若連結有誤,請點選上方之〝勘誤回報〞功能,我們會盡快修正,謝謝!
QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top
系統版面圖檔 系統版面圖檔