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研究生:陳科宏
研究生(外文):Ke-Hong Chen
論文名稱:不同類型即時交通資訊提供下高速公路旅運者路徑移轉行為之研究
論文名稱(外文):Freeways Travelers’ Route Switching Behavior with the Provision of Different Types of Real-Time Traffic Information
指導教授:周榮昌周榮昌引用關係劉祐興劉祐興引用關係
指導教授(外文):Rong-Chang JouYu-Hsin Liu
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立暨南國際大學
系所名稱:土木工程學系
學門:工程學門
學類:土木工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2004
畢業學年度:92
語文別:中文
論文頁數:98
中文關鍵詞:即時交通資訊路徑移轉有限理性法則
外文關鍵詞:real-time traffic informationroute switching behaviorbounded rationality framework
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本研究針對不同型式之即時交通資訊提供下國道高速公路旅運者路徑移轉行為進行研究。研究中透過實驗設計提供四種型式即時交通資訊之情境,並針對休息站上之旅運者進行訪問以蒐集所需之敘述性偏好資料。在本研究中定義四種不同型式之即時交通資訊,分別為質的訊息、量的訊息、質的導引以及量的導引。研究中應用有限理性法則(亦即熟知之無異區間)架構在四種不同型式即時交通資訊提供下高速公路旅運者路徑移轉行為模式。而在無異區間中整合兩個決策變數:旅行時間以及旅行成本。由於國道高速公路未來將實施電子收費(ETC),以設置於匝道上之感應器代替原本設置於主線車道上之收費站,因此,在實施電子收費後旅行成本將轉為以行駛距離長短來計算。本研究更進一步建立兩種不同之移轉機制(行駛路徑與習慣路徑相比較、行駛路徑與最佳路徑相比較),探討在不同型式即時交通資訊提供下高速公路旅運者路徑移轉之行為。
本研究結果顯示,旅行時間與旅行成本皆為影響旅運者路徑移轉之主要變數。而在四種即時交通資訊型式中,以量化型式的即時交通資訊、具有導引建議之即時交通資訊較容易改變旅運者路徑移轉行為。另外,社經變數中以性別、年齡以及個人每月收入為顯著影響移轉行為之變數。
This study investigates freeways travelers’ route switching behavior with the provision of different types of real-time traffic information. Different scenarios with four types of real-time information are designed and provided to the travelers randomly selected in the rest areas to obtain the stated preference data. Four types of real-time information defined in this paper are qualitative, quantitative, qualitative with guidance instruction, and quantitative with guidance instruction. Bounded rationality framework, also known as indifference band approach, is applied to modeling freeways travelers’ route switching behavior with the provision of different types of real-time traffic information. There are two important variables, travel time and travel cost, included in the indifference band. Since the freeways will adopt the ETC (Electronic Toll Collection) systems in the near future, toll stations will be located on ramps instead of within ramps on freeways. Therefore, travel cost need to be modified to be linearly proportional to the distance travelers traveled after the implementation of ETC systems. In this study, two route switching rules, travelers’ current routes compared to habitual and best routes, are investigated and compared to further provide valuable insights into freeways travelers’ route switching behavior with the provision of different types of real-time traffic information.
The empirical results indicate that travel time and travel cost are the major factors influencing travelers’ route switching behavior. Quantitative traffic information and real-time traffic information with guidance instruction could be easier influencing switching behavior than other types of real-time information. Gender, age and income per month are the significant variables which are influencing switching behavior.
誌謝………………………………………………………………. I
中文摘要…………………………………………………………. III
英文摘要…………………………………………………………. IV
目錄………………………………………………………………. V
圖目錄……………………………………………………………. VII
表目錄……………………………………………………………. VIII
第一章 緒論..……………………………………………….... 1
1.1 研究動機與背景…………………………………………….. 1
1.2 研究目的…………………………………………………….. 3
1.3 研究範圍與對象…………………………………………….. 4
1.4 研究方法…………………………………………………….. 5
1.5 研究內容……………………………………………………… 6
1.6 研究流程…………………………………………………….. 7
第二章 文獻回顧…………………………………………………. 9
2.1 國內用路人路線選擇行為相關研究……………………….. 9
2.2 國外用路人路線選擇行為相關研究……………………….. 11
2.3 有限理性法則於交通領域上之運用……………………….. 16
2.4 小結………………………………………………………….. 18
第三章 模式理論與架構…………………………………….... 20
3.1 有限理性法則……………………………………………….. 20
3.2 一般化旅行成本之有限理性法則………………………….. 21
3.3 一般化旅行成本之多項普羅比模式推導…………………. 25
3.4 多項普羅比模式校估程序…………………………………. 31
第四章 問卷設計與資料分析………………………………….. 33
4.1 調查計畫…………………………………………………….. 33
4.1.1 研究範圍與對象…………………………………….. 33
4.1.2 抽樣方式、時間及地點……………………………. 35
4.2 問卷設計及內容………………………………………...... 36
4.2.1 社會經濟特性………………………………….….. 36
4.2.2 旅次特性資料………………………………………… 37
4.2.3 路徑移轉實驗設計…………………………………… 38
4.3 調查資料整理與分析………………………………………… 44
4.3.1 社會經濟特性分析…………………………………… 44
4.3.2 旅次特性分析………………………………………… 48
4.3.3 路徑移轉實驗設計分析……………………………… 55
第五章 模式校估結果…………………………………………… 59
5.1 有限理性法則多項普羅比模式校估變數方向預期………… 59
5.2 有限理性法則多項普羅比模式校估結果…………………… 64
5.2.1移轉機制I之多項普羅比模式校估結果…………………… 64
5.2.2移轉機制II之多項普羅比模式校估結果………………… 68
5.3 不同移轉機制下有限理性法則
多項普羅比模式校估結果比較……………………………… 72
5.3 小結…………………………………………………………… 76
第六章 結論與建議……………………………………………… 78
6.1 結論…………………………………………………………… 78
6.2 建議…………………………………………………………… 80
參考文獻…………………………………………………………… 82
附錄一……………………………………………………………… 89
附錄二……………………………………………………………… 97
附錄三……………………………………………………………… 98
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