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研究生:許智超
研究生(外文):Chih-Chao Hsu
論文名稱:不同位置優秀高中男子籃球選手比賽生理負荷之探討
論文名稱(外文):The Study of Physiological Loads on Different Position of EliteHigh School Basketball Players during Competition
指導教授:吳慧君吳慧君引用關係
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立體育學院
系所名稱:教練研究所
學門:民生學門
學類:競技運動學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2004
畢業學年度:92
語文別:中文
論文頁數:68
中文關鍵詞:籃球技術乳酸不同位置
外文關鍵詞:basketball skillblood lactatedifferent position
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:13
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本研究目的有三: 一、探討高中優秀籃球運動選手不同位置(中
鋒、前鋒、後衛)之最大攝氧量、無氧動力、無氧能力及疲勞指數之
差異情形。二、探討高中男子籃球運動員,賽後恢復期之血乳酸峰值
及其出現時間。三、探討高中男子籃球運動員不同位置在比賽場上使
用籃球技術(站/走、前後移動、前後奔跑、衝刺、低滑步、中滑步、
高滑步、跳躍次數)之差異情形。研究方法是以HBL 高中聯賽前四強
之12 名男性優秀選手為對象(平均年齡為17.16±2.12 歲, 身高為
184.16±8.72 公分,體重為72.95±6.14 公斤)。分別參與兩階段的實驗,
第一階段以實驗室之相關生理指標值收集為主;第二階段主要以實際
比賽後之1、3、5、7、9、12、15、30 分鐘收集血乳酸值;同時賽後
觀看紀錄影片進行比賽中之相關籃球技術紀錄及統計分析。以獨立樣
本單因子變異數分析為統計方法,以α =.05 為顯著水準。得到結果如
下:一、優秀高中男子籃球球員之最大攝氧量、無氧動力、無氧能力
及疲勞指數無顯著差異。二、賽後乳酸檢測發現恢復期乳酸峰值為
4.43±2.15 mmol·L-1 出現點在賽後第一分鐘。三、站/走技術(低強度)
之結果平均數值顯示順序為前鋒、中鋒、後衛,均有顯著上的差異;
前後移動技術(中強度)中鋒顯著大於後衛; 前後奔跑技術(中強度)中
鋒顯著低於後衛及前鋒;衝刺移動技術(高強度)中鋒顯著低於後衛及
前鋒; 高滑步技術動作(高強度)後衛顯著大於中鋒。本研究顯示,高中
優秀男子籃球運動員之最大攝氧量、無氧動力、無氧能力及疲勞指數不會因打的
位置不同而有所差別;於乳酸檢測上,乳酸峰值可能在比賽中已經出現。由技術
探討看出,需要速度、爆發力等基本訴求的中強度技術(前後移動、前後奔跑、
中滑步)、高強度技術(衝刺、高滑步),在不同位置的比較上有明顯差異。
The purposes of this study were as follow: first, to investigate the differences of VO2max、
anaerobic power、 anaerobic capacity and the fatigue index in senior high school basketball
players( centre, forward, guard). Secondly, to examine the peak value of blood lactate and
appear time after game. Third, to investigate the differences of the basketball skills
( stand/walk, backward/forward moving, backward/forward running, sprint, low-speed side
shuffle、moderate side shuffle、high-speed side shuffle、jump) were used by different position.
The participants were 12 HBL elite high school male players (age:17.16±2.12 y/o, height:
184.16±8.72 cm, weight: 72.95±6.14 ㎏). The experiment protocol was divided into two stage,
the first was personal physiological test, the second was exam the blood lactate value at 1、
3、5、7、9、12、15、30 minutes after game immediately; and collected the data of basketball
skills records from the real time films. One-way ANOVA was the statistical method(α=.05).
Results were as follows: First, the differences of different position in elite HBL players’
VO2max, anaerobic power, anaerobic capacity and the fatigue index were non-significant.
Second, the average blood lactate peak value was 4.43±2.15 mmol·L-1, and appear time was
at the first minute after game. Third, the record of stand/walk skill has shown that there was
significant differences among there position; the record of backward/forward moving skill has
shown that there was significant differences between centre and guard; the record of sprint
skill has shown that the centre was lower than the guard and the forward significantly; the
record of high-speed side shuffle skill has shown that the guard was higher than the centre
significantly. In conclusion, Our results had shown that all the experimental variables had no
significant difference among three positions. On blood lactate test of our design, maybe the
peak blood lactate value was onset during competition, therefore, the after game blood lactate
data were not as high as lab test data. From another point of view, because the moderate
intensity and high intensity basketball skills required power and speed that there were
significant differences among different positions.
第壹章 緒論--------------------------------------------------------------- 1
第一節 前言-------------------------------------------------------------------- 1
第二節 研究背景---------------------------------------------------------------- 2
第三節 研究目的---------------------------------------------------------------- 4
第四節 研究假設---------------------------------------------------------------- 5
第五節 研究限制---------------------------------------------------------------- 6
第六節 操作性定義------------------------------------------------------------- 7
第貳章 文獻探討--------------------------------------------------------- 9
第一節 籃球運動競賽特徵之探討-------------------------------------------- 9
第二節 籃球場上動作型態與能量系統之探討------------------------------- 13
第三節 運動後對於乳酸產生、排除----------------------------------------

及相關生理變化機轉之相關探討----------------------------------
--------------
16
第參章 研究方法----------------------------------------------------------- 20
第一節 實驗對象---------------------------------------------------------------
20
第二節 實驗日期與地點------------------------------------------------------- 20
第三節 實驗器材--------------------------------------------------------------- 21
第四節 實驗流程與步驟-------------------------------------------------------- 24
第五節 實驗過程之安全控制------------------------------------------------- 28
第六節 資料處理與分析------------------------------------------------------- 29
第肆章 結果----------------------------------------------------------------- 30
第一節 籃球運動員不同位置生理功能檢測-------------------------------- 31
第二節 比賽後血乳酸變化---------------------------------------------------- 33
第三節 籃球技術特徵表現---------------------------------------------------- 35
第四節 E球員個案分析---------------------------------------------------- 42
第伍章 討論----------------------------------------------------------------- 43
第一節 籃球運動員不同位置之相關生理指標值的差異--------------- 43
第二節 籃球運動員比賽後血乳酸恢復的影響---------------------------- 44
第三節 籃球運動員不同位置比賽之技術使用差異比較------------
45
第陸章 結論與建議-------------------------------------------------------- 47
第一節 結論-------------------------------------------------------------------- 47
第二節 建議-------------------------------------------------------------------- 48
第二節 未來研究方向--------------------------------------------------------- 48
文獻參考---------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 49
附錄一------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 54
附錄二------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 55
附錄三------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 57
附錄四------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 58
附錄五------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 59
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