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研究生:蕭家安
研究生(外文):Chia-An Hsiao
論文名稱:全球運籌管理中產銷協同之模式-一個規則式專家系統的方法
指導教授:呂俊德呂俊德引用關係
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中央大學
系所名稱:企業管理研究所
學門:商業及管理學門
學類:企業管理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2004
畢業學年度:92
語文別:中文
論文頁數:78
中文關鍵詞:全球運籌管理供應鏈管理規則式專家系統
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由於環境變動越來越迅速,而企業為因應環境的改變以及激烈的競爭,供應鏈成員應更緊密地結合,因為競爭型態也經漸漸地由企業與企業間的競爭轉變為供應鏈與供應鏈間的競爭。因此,如何在最適當的時間將產品配送給顧客,以達到產銷協同,便是本文之核心構想。
過去學者在探討相關議題時,有些著重在單一構面的討論、有些則試著尋求局部最佳解、而有些學者的解法太過於理論化,因此本研究試著利用演算法,並搭配Rule-based的方法,以求能夠提供決策者在最短的時間,以最具成本效益的方式制訂生產以及配送計畫。
本研究包括多期、多個生產基地、多個配銷中心以及多位顧客,期望能在符合顧客需求下,將產品運送給顧客。另外,本文只探討產銷問題,將不考慮供應商的原料供應,將其視為供應無虞之已知資訊。
第一章 緒論……………………………………………………….1
1.1 研究背景與動機………………………………………………………..1
1.2 研究目的………………………………………………………………..1
1.3 研究範圍………………………………………………………………..1
1.4 研究架構………………………………………………………………..1

第二章 問題描述與分析………………………………………….2
2.1 供應鏈管理……………………………………………………………..2
2.2 全球運籌管理…………………………………………………………..4
2.3 全球化趨勢的影響……………………………………………………..5
2.4 協調與整合……………………………………………………………..6
2.5 供應鏈的協同…………………………………………………………..7
2.6 問題描述………………………………………………………………..8
2.7 問題分析………………………………………………………………..12
2.7.1 問題分類………………………………………………………….12
2.7.2 問題範圍………………………………………………………….13
2.8 產銷協同………………………………………………………………..16
2.9 本文探討之問題………………………………………………………..17

第三章 模式建立………………………………………………….18
3.1 模式範圍………………………………………………………………..18
3.2 數學模型………………………………………………………………..23
3.2.1 圖示……………………………………………………………….23
3.2.2 模型假設………………………………………………………….23
3.2.3 索引……………………………………………………………….23
3.2.4 參數……………………………………………………………….24
3.2.5 決策變數………………………………………………………….25
3.2.6 目標函數………………………………………………………….25
3.2.7 限制式…………………………………………………………….25
3.3 解法說明………………………………………………………………..28
3.3.1 規則式專家系統………………………………………………….28
3.3.2 解法具體描述…………………………………………………….33
第四章 實例驗證………………………………………………….48
4.1 範例一…………………………………………………………………..48
4.1.1 獲得資訊………………………………………………………….48
4.1.2 解法步驟………………………………………………………….51
4.1.3 案例一結果……………………………………………………….62
4.1.4 結果說明………………………………………………………….64
4.2 範例二…………………………………………………………………..66
4.2.1 獲得資訊………………………………………………………….66
4.2.2 範例二結果……………………………………………………….67
4.2.3 結果說明………………………………………………………….72
4.3 討論……………………………………………………………………..74

第五章 結論與未來研究方向…………………………………….75
5.1 結論……………………………………………………………………..75
5.2 未來研究方向…………………………………………………………..75

參考文獻…………………………………………………………..76
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