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研究生:朱鴻薇
研究生(外文):Hung-Wei Chu
論文名稱:教師僱用身分與人格特質對心理契約實現與組織公民行為關係之影響
指導教授:葉穎蓉葉穎蓉引用關係
指導教授(外文):Ying-Jung, Yeh
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中央大學
系所名稱:企業管理學系碩士在職專班
學門:商業及管理學門
學類:企業管理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2004
畢業學年度:92
語文別:中文
論文頁數:56
中文關鍵詞:心理契約組織公民行為僱用身分人格特質
外文關鍵詞:psychological contractpersonalitywork statusorganizational citizenship behavior
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:104
  • 點閱點閱:657
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:214
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:25
近年來企業界有許多探討有關組織公民行為的文獻,不過鮮少以學校組織為研究對象,本文針對學校教師的工作態度與行為進行研究,試圖從中找出教師願意盡職與利他貢獻的因素,讓學校管理階層能掌握這些因素以提昇學校整體效能。本研究以僱用身分與人格特質為干擾因子,檢測其對教師心理契約實現與組織公民行為之關係是否有影響,研究對象為八所公私立高職教師,以發放問卷及上網填寫問卷二種方式進行,三所學校發放66份問卷,回收60份,其中有效樣本為56份,有效回收率為93.3%,加上五所學校上網填寫的99份有效問卷,有效問卷合計為157份,利用階層迴歸分析方法得到以下結果:
1. 教師僱用身分對心理契約實現的認知沒有顯著影響。
2. 教師僱用身分對組織公民行為沒有顯著影響。
3. 教師僱用身分與心理契約實現的交互作用對組織公民行為沒有顯著影響。
4. 教師人格特質對心理契約實現的認知有顯著影響。
5. 教師人格特質對組織公民行為有顯著影響。
6. 教師人格特質與心理契約實現的交互作用對組織公民行為有顯著影響。
目錄……………………………………………………………………………………Ⅰ
表目錄…………………………………………………………………………………Ⅲ
圖目錄…………………………………………………………………………………Ⅲ
第一章 緒論
 第一節 研究動機………………………………………………………………1
 第二節 研究目的………………………………………………………………3
第二章 文獻探討與假設發展
 第一節 典型僱用與非典型僱用………………………………………………4
 第二節 人格特質………………………………………………………………6
 第三節 心理契約……………………………………………………………10
 第四節 組織公民行為………………………………………………………14
 第五節 僱用身分、人格特質、心理契約實現與組織公民行為的關係…19
第三章 研究方法
 第一節 研究架構……………………………………………………………25
 第二節 研究變項與研究工具………………………………………………26
 第三節 研究對象……………………………………………………………28
 第四節 資料分析方法………………………………………………………30
第四章 分析與統計結果
 第一節 信度及敘述性統計…………………………………………………31
 第二節 相關性分析…………………………………………………………33
 第三節 迴歸分析……………………………………………………………34
第五章 研究結論與建議
 第一節 研究結果與討論……………………………………………………40
 第二節 研究限制與後續研究之建議………………………………………43

參考文獻
中文文獻…………………………………………………………………………44
英文文獻…………………………………………………………………………44

附 錄
【附錄一】兼任、代課、代理教師的權利與義務……………………………51
【附錄一】問卷…………………………………………………………………52

表目錄
表2.2-1  人格特質分類表………………………………………………………8
表2.3-1 交易型契約與關係型契約之特徵比較……………………………11
表3.3-1  樣本特性描述………………………………………………………29
表4.1-1 信度分析……………………………………………………………31
表4.1-2 敘述性統計…………………………………………………………32
表4.1-3 僱用身分與人格特質交叉列聯表…………………………………32
表4.1-4 僱用身分與人格特質的卡方檢定…………………………………32
表4.2-1 相關係數矩陣………………………………………………………33
表4.3-1 僱用身分與心理契約實現之迴歸分析……………………………34
表4.3-2 僱用身分與心理契約實現對組織公民行為影響之迴歸分析……36
表4.3-3 人格特質與心理契約實現之迴歸分析……………………………37
表4.3-4 人格特質與心理契約實現對組織公民行為影響之迴歸分析……39
表5.1-1 本研究各項假設驗證結果彚整……………………………………40

圖目錄
圖3.1-1 研究架構圖…………………………………………………………25
圖4.3-1 交互作用結果圖……………………………………………………36
圖4.3-2 交互作用結果圖……………………………………………………39
中文文獻
1.吳秉恩,民75,組織行為學,台北:華泰書局。
2.張春興,民76,心理學修訂第二十版,台北:東華書局。
3.鄭芬蘭,民84,『五大因素模式』的特質人格理論,初等教育學報,3,205-227
4.李彥儀,民78, 台北市國民中學導師人格特質、領導行為對班級氣氛之影響研究,國立政治大學教育研究所,碩士論文
5.吳秀月,民83,臺南市國小教師工作壓力之相關研究,臺南師院學生學刊,民83.03 頁39-53
6.秦夢群、濮世緯,民87,國小校長轉型領導、交易領導、教師制握信念與教師職業倦怠之研究,國立政治大學學報,民87.11 頁73-110
7.林佳全,民91, 教師人格特質、工作生活品質與組織承諾之相關研究-以高雄市國小教師為例,高雄師範大學,工業科技教育學系,碩士論文
8.許瑰琦,民91,特殊教育學校教師工作滿意度、人格特質與離職意願關係之研究,海洋大學,航運管理學系,碩士論文
9.陳雪玉,民92,國民小學補習學校教師內外控信念、角色知覺與教學型態關係的研究,國立政治大學,博士論文
10.朱甯興,民71,學習團體理論與技術,台北,桂冠圖書公司
11.林淑姬,民91,薪酬公平、程序公平與組織承諾、組織公民行為關係之研究,國立政治大學企業管理研究所碩士論文,台北。
12.鄭燿男(民91)。國中小教師的組織公民行為及其影響因素之研究—學校組織公民行為模型初構,國立高雄師範大學教育學系博士論文。
13.李青芬等譯,Robbins 著,1995,組織行為學,台北:華泰書局。
14.吳子輝,民64,內外控取向與自由選擇對閱讀測驗成績的影響,政治大學教育研究碩士論文

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