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研究生:童怡璇
研究生(外文):I-Hsuan Tung
論文名稱:台灣電子業技術效率分析─三階段資料包絡分析法之應用
指導教授:陳忠榮陳忠榮引用關係
指導教授(外文):Jong-Rong Chen
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中央大學
系所名稱:產業經濟研究所
學門:社會及行為科學學門
學類:經濟學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2004
畢業學年度:92
語文別:中文
論文頁數:150
中文關鍵詞:電子業技術效率三階段資料包絡分析法
外文關鍵詞:technical efficiencydata envelopment analysis
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:43
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本研究嘗試以Fried, Lovell, Schmidt and Yaisawarng (2002) 提出的三階段DEA法評估台灣電子業的技術效率。利用「經濟部工廠校正資料」,選取3,175家電子業廠商作為研究對象,期間為民國81~84年、86~89年。
本文的研究結果歸納如下:
一、第一階段的結果發現,81~89年之間,整體電子業廠商各年的平均技術效率約介於0.568~0.771之間。每年的純粹技術效率皆小於規模效率,表示技術效率無效率的來源主要為純粹無技術效率。
二、在第二階段SFA迴歸結果顯示,廠商歷史愈久,愈有多餘的投入使用。廠商規模對於各項投入差額有顯著的影響。設廠地區變數的結果顯示,廠商沒有因為位於西部的環境條件,而對投入資源做有效的利用。資本勞動比方面,廠商的資本使用愈多,會減少投入差額。研發密集度方面,研發密度愈高,會有多餘的投入使用。另外不同的產業對各投入差額的影響有所差異。家用電氣製造業、照明設備製造業與資料儲存及處理設備製造業對投入資源使用較不會浪費。電子零組件製造業對投入差額的影響多為顯著正相關。另外發現電子零組件產業在電力使用上較為浪費。
三、在第三階段DEA實證結果中,就技術效率來看,各年的整體電子業廠商之平均技術效率值約介於0.904~0.964之間;純粹技術效率約介於0.992~1之間。廠商的技術無效率主要是規模效率所造成的。t檢定結果顯示,第一、三效率值有顯著差異,表示第二階段SFA調整環境變數與隨機干擾對效率值確實有影響,廠商管理者應以第三階段的結果為主要分析標的,以提供廠商正確的效率改進策略。
四、將電子業廠商依環境變數將廠商分成各類群組,包含設廠年齡、廠商規模、設廠地區、資本勞動比、研發密集度與產業別等變數,比較各群組之間的效率差異,並利用t值進行檢定。結果顯示,各群組在第一階段的檢定結果與第三階段的結果不一致。
目 錄
第壹章、 緒論 1
第一節、研究背景與動機 1
第二節、研究目的 3
第三節、研究流程與論文架構 4
第貳章、 文獻回顧 6
第一節、DEA調整法 6
第二節、電子業效率衡量之文獻回顧 ..14
第三節、DEA應用之文獻回顧 20
第參章、 估計方法 25
第一節、第一階段:DEA之估計 25
第二節、第二階段:利用隨機生產邊界法分解第一階段的差額值 29
第三節、第三階段:調整的DEA模式 33
第四節、DEA特性 34
第肆章、 實證研究設計 38
第一節、研究對象與資料來源 38
第二節、變數之選定與說明 39
第伍章、 實證結果分析 52
第一節、第一階段DEA效率分析 52
第二節、第二階段SFA迴歸係數 57
第三節、第三階段DEA效率分析 62
第四節、群組效率分析 65
第陸章、 結論與建議 100
第一節、結論 100
第二節、研究限制 105
第三節、後續研究建議 106
參考文獻 107
參考文獻
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