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研究生:林慶龍
研究生(外文):Ching-Long Lin
論文名稱:授權外溢與生產力-台灣上市資訊電子廠商之實證研究
指導教授:陳忠榮陳忠榮引用關係
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中央大學
系所名稱:產業經濟研究所
學門:社會及行為科學學門
學類:經濟學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2004
畢業學年度:92
語文別:中文
論文頁數:74
中文關鍵詞:技術授權外溢動態追蹤資料模型
外文關鍵詞:technology licensingdynamic panel data modelspillovers
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:14
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有關技術授權之議題,近年來因TFT-LCD產業之發展與國際上技術貿易之爭端而日漸受重視,加之每年授權權利金之規模不斷擴大,由此台灣產業或廠商之競爭型態與行為,勢必受廠商授權活動之影響。然而市面上之書籍多半屬於法律層面上之探討,故本文欲以嚴謹之經濟實證分析台灣資訊電子廠商技術授權及其外溢效果對廠商生產力之影響。

本實証使用之資料樣本為台灣資訊電子產業之上市公司,研究期間為1987年至2002年,經處理完後之最後資料為2192筆282家廠商,其中有175家廠商無授權歷史。本研究之估計方法除採傳統Panel data 之估計方法,另外亦嘗試以Dynamic Panel data模型採用一般動差法(Generalized Method of Moment, GMM) 選擇適當之工具變數估計模型。

本研究之實證結果為:研究發展與技術授權對生產力有正面之貢獻,並且研究發展外溢與技術授權外溢皆為負向之外溢效果,除顯示台灣資訊電子廠商所處之環境競爭激烈外,亦可能有重複R&D投入之疑慮。並且,在上述兩種實證結果下,驗證了台灣資訊電子產業內之廠商不但有動力亦有壓力增加研究發展支出與技術授權支出。另外,其他實證結果亦顯示技術授權對廠商生產力之貢獻要大於R&D對廠商生產力的貢獻。並且,各項知識變數之間的交互作用皆能影響廠商之生產力,故總外溢效果實應考慮各創新投入與外溢間之交互作用,方能對廠商從事創新活動所產生之外部性有充分了解。
第一章 緒論1
第一節 研究背景與動機1
第二節 研究方法3
第三節 本文架構4

第二章 文獻回顧與探討5
第一節 技術授權6
第二節 技術授權與研究發展8
第三節 外溢效果10
2.2.1 研究發展之外溢10
2.2.2 技術授權之外溢11
2.2.3 外溢效果之衡量13
第四節 本章小節19

第三章 實證模型與變數資料說明20
第一節 模型設定20
3.1.1 實證模型20
3.1.2 存量設定25
3.1.3 外溢效果設定26
第二節 估計方法說明28
3.2.1 傳統Panel Data 估計方法28
3.2.2 Dynamic Panel Data Model 31
第三節 資料來源與變數說明37

第四章 實證結果分析45
第一節 全部樣本之實證結果45
第二節 有授權與無授權廠商之實證結果55

第五章 結論62
第一節 本文小結62
第二節 研究限制與建議64

參考文獻
中文部份65
英文部份66

附錄與附表
附錄一 技術授權存量不同折舊率之實證結果71
附表1-1:不包含外溢之實證結果 ( 全部樣本 )71
附表1-2:包含外溢之實證結果 ( 全部樣本 )72
附錄二 於模型中加入 個落後應變數之推論73


表目錄
表 3-1 上市資訊電子產業各年度之技術授權支出39
表 3-2 上市資訊電子產業各年度之研究發展支出40
表 3-3 各項解釋變數基本組成之敘述統計量42
表 3-4 「有授權經驗廠商」與「無授權經驗廠商」之樣本資料特性44
表 4-1 不包含外溢之實證結果( 全部樣本 )50
表 4-2 包含外溢之實證結果( 全部樣本 )51
表 4-3 包含外溢之實證結果( 全部樣本;Fixed Effect only )53
表 4-4 包含外溢之實證結果( 全部樣本;DPD only )54
表 4-5 無授權經驗廠商之實證結果57
表 4-6 不包含外溢之實證結果( 有授權經驗廠商 )58
表 4-7 包含外溢之實證結果( 有授權經驗廠商 )59
表 4-8 包含外溢之實證結果( 有授權經驗廠商;DPD only )61


圖目錄
圖 1-1 本文探討之生產力來源圖2
圖 1-2 研究架構圖4
中文部分 (以下依姓氏筆劃排序)

1.陳忠榮、陳威勳:<研究發展外溢效果對廠商利潤績效之影響-以自動化新產業為例>,經濟論文叢刊,1992,20(2):155-175。
2.陳忠榮、李鴻志:<市場結構、研究發展與專利授權>,經濟論文叢刊,1997,25(4):555-568。
3.莊奕琦、許碧峰:<研究發展對生產力的貢獻及產業間的外溢效果-台灣製造業實證>,經濟論文,1999,27(3):407-432。
4.曾文清、劉錦添:<污染防治對產業發展的影響>,台銀季刊,1993,42(4):134-155。
5.楊志海、陳忠榮:<研究發展、技術引進與專利-一般動差法於可數追蹤資料的應用>,經濟論文叢刊,2001,29(1):69-87。
6.楊志海、陳忠榮:<研究發展、專利與生產力-台灣製造業的實證研究>,經濟論文叢刊,2002,30(1):28-47。
7.蔡蕙安、陳致綱:<研究發展外溢之產出成長效果與動態調整過程-台灣電力電子業之實證研究>,人文及社會科學集刊,2002,14(3):289-327。
8.劉承愚、賴文智:<技術授權契約入門>,智勝文化,初版,2000。


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