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研究生:邱柏榮
研究生(外文):Chiu-Po Jung
論文名稱:自動遮蔽金屬電弧焊接系統之滑動模態控制
論文名稱(外文):Automatic Shield Metal Arc Welding System of Sliding Mode Control
指導教授:董必正董必正引用關係
指導教授(外文):Pi-Cheng Tung
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中央大學
系所名稱:機械工程研究所
學門:工程學門
學類:機械工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2004
畢業學年度:92
語文別:英文
論文頁數:43
中文關鍵詞:滑動模態焊接控制可變結構
外文關鍵詞:weldingvariable structure controlcontrolsliding mode
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現代的各種機械加工中,焊接是一個廣泛被使用的方法。焊接仍有許多部份仍然是依靠師傅的手藝來完成;尤其是鋼管的焊接部份,遮蔽金屬電弧焊接法是最主要的方法之一。 任何材料與焊接位置均可以採用此方法來焊接。
焊接的性能可以藉由適當的變頻控制而改進,還有其他的控制方法為這個目的而提出;然而,電流回饋控制在實際上的焊接過程的實現很複雜,因為它需要最佳的輸出電流參考波形,和複雜的電流控制增益調整。之前所搜尋的文獻,都把焦點放在氣體金屬電弧焊(GMAW)和亞焊(GTAW)方面的研究,雖然遮蔽金屬電弧焊接(SMAW)在焊接工業上有非常多的應用,但是這方面的研究卻很少。
在焊接過程中,困難的就是由無到有電弧的過程,以及維持穩定的電弧。本論文利用可變結構控制中的滑順模態控制,應用其穩健性:對系統外部干擾,或是系統參數隨環境變動所造成的不定量與無法或獲知的部份系統模式來克服焊接起伏的困難,達成可以順利的起伏生成穩定電弧來焊接的目的。
Abstract
Welding is a generally method in the machine manufacture today. There are still a lot of welding works done by a master worker, specially welding steel tube. Alternating current shield metal arc welding (SWAW) is the one of the most important welding method. Any kind of metal materials could be welding, and any way could be used.
The welding performance can be improved by appropriate frequency conversion. There are several different control methods to improve this purpose. However, current feedback control in the real system is very complex. Searching for scientific or technical literature, there are focus on inert gas metal arc welding (GMAW) and inert gas tungsten arc welding (GTAW). Although Alternating current shield metal arc welding (SMAW) is widely used in industry, today. Research about the alternating current shield metal arc welding is less.
The most difficult part of SMAW is to produce the electric arc from shield metal and to keep the arc current stable. We use the Sliding Mode Control of Variable Structure Control theory in the automatic alternating current shield metal arc welding control system. Employing the advantages of the uncertain of parameter, disturbance, and robust of the sliding mode control theory to overcome the difficult of the electric arc producing and preserve the current stable.
ABSTRACT VII
CONTENTS VIII
LISTS OF FIGURES X
CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION 1
1.1 Motivation 1
1.2 Literature Survey 2
1.3 Organization 2
CHAPTER 2 HARDWARE FRAME 4
2.1 Overview 4
2.2 Experiment Device 5
2.2.1 Current Sensor 7
2.2.2 Peripheral Interface 8
2.2.3 A/D Converter 8
2.2.4 D/A Converter 9
2.2.5 Power Source 9
2.2.6 Control Algorithm Implementation 10
CHAPTER 3 DYNAMIC MODEL FOR THE AUTOMATIC SMAW CONTROLLING SYSTEM 11
3.1 Electrode Feed-rate Mechanism 11
3.2 System Identification 17
CHAPTER 4 CONTROLLER DESIGN 20
4.1 Overview 20
4.2 Fuzzy Control 20
4.2.1 Fuzzy PD Control 21
4.3 Sliding Mode Control 24
4.3.1 Sliding Mode method I 25
4.3.2 Sliding Mode method II 27
CHAPTER 5 RESULTS OF SIMULATION AND EXPERIMENT 30
5.1 Simulation of Controller 30
5.1.1 Fuzzy controller 30
5.1.2 Sliding Mode Controller I 31
5.1.3 Sliding Mode Controller II 32
5.2 Experiment Result 33
5.2.1 Fuzzy Controller 34
5.2.2 Sliding Mode Controller I 35
5.2.3 Sliding Mode Controller II 36
5.2.4 Hand manual experiment 38
CHAPTER 6 CONCLUSIONS AND FUTURE WORK 40
6.1 Conclusions 40
6.2 Future work 41
REFERENCE 42
Reference


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[2]B.C. Howard, Modern Welding Technology, Prentice-Hall, Inc. Englewood Cliffs, 1979.
[3]周長彬, 蔡丕椿 編著, 焊接學, 全華科技圖書股份有限公司, 1993.
[4]W.H. Chu, P.C. Tung, 〝Development of an Automatic Arc Welding System Using SMAW Process〞 International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology, 2004,3,9 accepted.
[5]W.H. Chu, P.C. Tung, 〝Development of an Automatic Arc Welding System Using a Sliding Mode Control〞 International Journal of Machine Tools and Manufacture Design, Research & Application 2004,3,22 accepted.
[6]Y.M. Zhang, E. Liguo, B.L. Walcott, 〝Interval model based control of gas metal arc welding〞IEEE International Conference, American Control Conference, pp. 1752-1756, Vol. 3, 1998.
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[11]H. X. Li, H.B. Gatland, 〝Conventional Fuzzy Control And Its Enhancement〞IEEE Transaction On System, Vol.26, No.5, pp.791-797, October 1996.
[12]J. Y. Hung, W. Gao, and J. C. Hung, 〝Variable Structure Control: A Survey〞IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, Vol. 40, No. 1, pp.2-22, February 1993.
[13]陳永平, 張浚林 編著, 可變結構控制設計, 全華科技圖書股份有限公司, 2000
[14]A.F. Filippov, Differential Equation with Discontinuous Rightsides, Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, Boston, London, 1988.
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