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研究生:邵冠璋
研究生(外文):Guan-Jhang Shao
論文名稱:腐蝕環境對航空用7050鋁合金金屬疲勞擧動之影響
論文名稱(外文):Influence of corrosion environment on fatigue behavior of aerospace 7050 aluminium alloy
指導教授:歐炳隆
指導教授(外文):Bin-Lung Ou
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中央大學
系所名稱:機械工程研究所
學門:工程學門
學類:機械工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2004
畢業學年度:92
語文別:中文
論文頁數:67
中文關鍵詞:7050腐蝕環境金屬疲勞鋁合金
外文關鍵詞:fatigue behavior7050 aluminium alloycorrosion environment
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本研究主要以航空用7050鋁合金為實驗材料,探討在不同腐蝕環境條件下(浸泡式腐蝕與開放式腐蝕)所呈現之疲勞裂縫成長特性,以及觀察環境變化對於疲勞裂縫成長加速性的影響。
實驗中藉由改變材料熱處理參數、腐蝕環境參數、頻率參數、應力集中因子振幅參數、加入腐蝕液時之裂縫長度以及R值,並配合光學顯微鏡(OM)、掃描式電子顯微鏡(SEM)、動態材料試驗機作分析,研究影響疲勞裂縫成長特性之因子,搭配合金已知的拉伸性質與應力腐蝕效應,可作為航空材料選用之重要依據。
由實驗結果得知,無論在空氣或腐蝕環境中,當R=0.1及0.8時,合金若實施470℃×24h均質化配合T73處理時,由於塑性變形區較大、裂縫成長路徑較粗糙、鈍化膜較厚,所以裂縫閉合效應較階段均質化配合階段淬水時效處理明顯,使第二階段裂縫成長速率較慢。當環境發生瞬時變化時,裂縫尖端所承受的應力集中因子振幅越大,將有助於腐蝕液進入裂縫尖端,而使疲勞裂縫成長加速性增加。
中文關鍵詞:7050鋁合金、浸泡式腐蝕、開放式腐蝕、疲勞裂縫成長加速性、裂縫閉合效應
A program of experimental and analytical tasks has been conducted to discuss the relationship between corrosion environment(immersion NaCl solution and open flow NaCl solution) and fatigue crack propagation(FCP)in an aluminum aerospace alloy 7050.We observe the influence of environmental change for the accelerating of crack growth rate,too.
The experiment was investigated via different heat treatments, corrosion environments, frequency, stress intensity factor range, crack length of add corrosion solution condition and load ratio. The influence of fatigue crack propagation was characterized and analyzed by using optical microscopy (OM), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and Instron Model 8800 Testing System. The basis of airframe structural application is the result of experiment combining with tensile properties and stress corrosion cracking effect.
The result indicate that the alloys received homogenuzation-H470×24h have bigger plastic zone, more rough in crack surface and oxide debris then Step-homogenuzation (StepH) when load ratio (R) are 0.1 and 0.8. So homogenuzation-H470×24h have higher resistance to fatigue crack growth with the crack closure effect. And the accelerating of crack growth rate is changed by stress intensity factor range.
Keyword:Aluminum alloy 7050, immersion NaCl solution, open flow NaCl solution, accelerating of crack growth rate, crack closure.
摘要 ...........................................I
ABSTRACT ...........................................II
謝 誌 ...........................................III
表 目 錄..........................................V
圖 目 錄..........................................VI
第一章 緒論.........................................1
一、序言............................................1
二、理論基礎與論文回顧..............................2
2.1 7000系鋁合金之析出強化..........................2
2.2 7000系鋁合金之微結構與腐蝕性的關係..............6
2.3 腐蝕疲勞........................................7
2.4 裂縫閉合現象(crack closure).....................10
第二章 本文.........................................12
一、前言............................................12
二、實驗步驟與方法..................................15
2.1 實驗材料的製備..................................15
2.2 疲勞與腐蝕疲勞試驗..............................16
2.3 破斷面之電子顯微鏡(SEM)觀察.....................18
2.4 金相及疲勞裂縫路徑之觀察........................18
三、結果與討論......................................20
3.1 T73與SQA顯微組織差異性之說明....................20
3.2 空氣中的疲勞裂縫成長特性........................21
3.3 腐蝕環境中的裂縫成長............................23
3.4 環境瞬時變化時對疲勞裂縫成長加速性之探討........27
四、結論............................................29
參考文獻............................................31
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