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研究生:丁偉宬
論文名稱:以概念構圖評量方式探討運用改良式概念圖之學習成效-會計學存貨單元為例
論文名稱(外文):The Study of Progressive Concept Map on Concept Mapping Assessment-with Accounting Inventory Chapters
指導教授:黃華山黃華山引用關係
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立彰化師範大學
系所名稱:會計學系
學門:商業及管理學門
學類:會計學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2004
畢業學年度:92
語文別:中文
論文頁數:71
中文關鍵詞:概念構圖合作學習會計教育
外文關鍵詞:concept mappingcooperative learningaccounting education
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摘要
概念圖過去大多呈現在平面的書本中,隨著網路環境日益成熟,將概念圖應用於網路學習的研究也漸受重視。由於閱讀習慣從循序性書面型態轉變為以電腦單一螢幕畫面學習,畫面倘過於複雜可能超過人類短期記憶的限制。再者,改良式概念圖為因應不同學生個別學習能力與程度之差異,將困難度較高的概念抽離至第三向度,可達到因材施教之目標。運用改良式概念圖的學習策略可減少網路學習所造成的「迷失」(disorientation)與「認知超載」(cognitive overhead)等學習現象。本研究採準實驗研究法,針對大學初級會計學存貨單元,實證以概念構圖方式來檢驗學生運用改良式概念圖與Novak概念圖學習會計學的成效,並進一步比較合作學習概念構圖是否顯著優於個別概念構圖。其中就不同概念圖學習策略而言,本研究分成三階段進行實證分析,實證結果如下:
在第一及第三階段實證結果上,實驗組與控制組之概念構圖成績經兩個獨立樣本T檢定達顯著水準,顯示運用改良式概念圖學習會計學存貨單元之學生在概念構圖評量上的表現顯著優於採用Novak式概念圖學習。從第二階段實證結果來看,檢定結果未達顯著水準,但該次評量實驗組平均成績仍優於控制組,故就整體而言,本研究獲得足夠證據證明運用改良式概念圖學習策略之學生在概念構圖的成績上表現較佳。此外,本研究再次證明合作學習概念構圖可提高學習成就,學生透過概念構圖有效率地進行對話,清楚表達正確或錯誤的概念,並提供別人指正自己錯誤概念的機會,其實證結果與許多研究之看法一致。
關鍵字:概念構圖、合作學習、會計教育
ABSTRACT
As the development of the Internet becomes profound, concept maps once shown in books now are highly valued in the application of e-learning. Owing to the learning transition from continuous pages to a single page on the computer, human short term memory would be limited if it appears rather complicated. Moreover, progressive concept maps can be drawn out to the third dimension on the basis of individual ability and level, which will lead to better learning process. Progressive concept maps can reduce disorientation and cognitive overhead deriving from e-learning. This study will apply experimental research in accordance with the inventory chapters of accounting course to prove the learning effect of adopting progressive concept maps and Novak concept maps with the method of concept mapping and examine if collaborative concept mapping are exceeding individual concept mapping. This study includes three steps to analyze the different concept map tactics and the results are as follows:
The outcome of step 1 and step 3, the experimental groups and control groups of concept mapping result is outstanding through two independent samples T test, which indicates learning the inventory chapters of accounting course with progressive concept maps superior to learning that with Novak concept maps. Though the outcome from step 2 is not outstanding, the average assessment of experimental groups is better than control groups. As a whole, this study holds sufficient proofs to the theory that progressive concept maps can bring better learning effect. Furthermore, this study prove collaborative concept mapping can promote learning achievements again. Students can hold efficient conversations through concept maps and express true or false concept clearly and provide opportunities to obtain correct concept from others. The outcome is in accordance with a number of related researches.
Key words: concept mapping, cooperative learning, accounting education
目錄
第一章緒論 1
第一節研究動機 1
第二節研究目的 2
第三節研究架構 2
第四節研究範圍與限制 3
第二章文獻探討 5
第一節學習理論對概念構圖的影響 7
第二節概念構圖的相關研究 12
第三節改良式概念圖 28
第三章研究方法 33
第一節觀念性架構 33
第二節研究假說 34
第三節研究設計 34
第四章實證結果與分析 41
第一節 改良式概念圖與NOVAK概念圖 41
第二節合作學習概念構圖 50
第五章結論與建議 53
第一節 結論 53
第二節 建議 55
參考文獻 56
附 錄 61
表目錄
表 3-1第二次概念構圖測驗之概念清單 35
表 3-2本研究之教學流程 38
表 4-1 前測之變異數同質性假設檢驗 41
表 4-2 前測之變異數同質性假設檢驗 42
表 4-3 前測之兩個獨立樣本T檢定 42
表 4-4第一次概念構圖測驗之概念清單 43
表 4-5 第一單元概念構圖評量之常態性檢定 45
表 4-6 第一單元概念構圖評量之變異數同質性假設檢驗 45
表 4-7 第一單元概念構圖評量之兩個獨立樣本T檢定 46
表 4-8第二單元概念構圖評量之常態性檢定 46
表 4-9第二單元概念構圖評量之變異數同質性假設檢驗 46
表 4-10第二單元概念構圖評量之兩個獨立樣本T檢定 47
表 4-11第三單元概念構圖評量之常態性檢定 48
表 4-12第三單元概念構圖評量之變異數同質性假設檢驗 48
表 4-13第三單元概念構圖評量之兩個獨立樣本T檢定 49
表 4-14 第一至三單元概念構圖評量成績 49
表 4-15合作學習概念構圖評量之常態性檢定 50
表 4-16合作學習概念構圖評量之變異數同質性假設檢驗 50
表 4-17合作學習概念構圖評量之兩個獨立樣本T檢定 51
圖目錄
圖2-1 Novak概念圖……………………………………… ………6
圖2-2 概念構圖計分的例子……………………………………18
圖2-3 概念圖運用於會計課程之介紹…………………………24
圖2-4 會計概念圖範例(會計要素)…………………………26
圖2-5 個別單元概念圖…………………………………………29
圖2-6 平面加廣學習概念圖……………………………………30
圖2-7 三維加深學習概念圖……………………………………31
圖2-8 所有概念皆在同一平面概念圖…………………………32
圖3-1 研究流程圖………………………………………………33
圖3-2 鷹架式構圖法(construct-on-scaffold)範例……36
圖3-3 合作學習組S型分組……………………………………37
圖3-4 會計學存貨單元之概念圖……………………………39
圖4-1 標準概念圖範例(第一單元)…………………………44
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