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研究生:柯安娜
研究生(外文):Anna Ke
論文名稱:牙買加•金凱德的小說《露西》,《安妮.強》,及《我母親的自傳》中後殖民混雜及抗拒之研究
論文名稱(外文):A Study of Postcolonial Hybridity and Resistance in Jamaica Kincaid’s Annie John, Lucy, and The Autobiography of My Mother
指導教授:蔣筱珍蔣筱珍引用關係
指導教授(外文):Hsiao-Chen Chiang
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立彰化師範大學
系所名稱:英語學系
學門:人文學門
學類:外國語文學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2004
畢業學年度:92
語文別:英文
論文頁數:118
中文關鍵詞:混雜抗拒中間地帶殖民效仿殖民慾望認同
外文關鍵詞:hybridityresistancein-betweenmimicrycolonial desireidentity
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中文摘要
帶有非洲血統的加勒比海女作家牙買加•金凱德出生於前英國殖民地安提瓜島,後移居到美國紐約,她徘徊於後殖民混雜的 “中間地帶”。在追求國家丶文化、種族和女性的認同 (identity) 的同時,金凱德質疑加勒比海主體在後殖民世界中 “混雜” (hybridity) 的定位。她的作品呈現殖民後加勒比海世界多重混雜的特殊性。她的小說處理了 “抗拒” (resistance) 的議題,目的除了聲明她個人全新的加勒比海混雜屬性外,也為加勒比海被列為次等的歷史重新發聲。本論文目的在探討金凱德的三本小說《露西》、《安妮•強》及《我母親的自傳》中的二個重要面向—“混雜”及“抗拒”議題。
本論文包含五部份。首先介紹 (Introduction) 包括了作家金凱德生平的簡介,文獻探討,以及本論文的動機。第一章建構理論框架,主要呈現霍爾 (Stuart Hall) 的“文化混雜” (cultural hybridity) 以及巴巴 (Homi Bhabha) 的“混雜” (hybridity) 和“抗拒” (resistance) 等概念。霍爾強調“混雜”的重要性,因“混雜” 建構了加勒比海的歷史, 並影響了後殖民加勒比海世界的屬性認同。而巴巴除了主張 “中間地帶” (in-between) 的概念,也討論了“混雜”的“抗拒”力量,包括“殖民慾望” (colonial desire) 及“殖民效仿” (colonial mimicry)。第二章描述金凱德的小說 ─《露西》、《安妮•強》及《我母親的自傳》中文化混雜 (cultural hybridity) 的問題。本章呈現三小說中英國文化及非洲文化的要素,由此揭露金凱德如何藉由書寫“混雜”做為去殖民化的抗拒策略。同時亦將揭露小說中女主角在文化及語言上如何抗拒殖民控制,並重新宣稱她們“混雜”的屬性認同。第三章處理三本小說中種族混雜 (ethnic hybridity) 的問題。小說中的三女主角為帶有非洲血統的加勒比海女性,因囿於後殖民受英國文化影響的社會限制,而在性方面利用她們的身體做為“抗拒”的策略,用以顛覆殖民主義丶種族主義丶和性別主義。結論 (Conclusion)將重述混雜、抗拒及追求屬性認同之概念,並肯定金凱德的成就。她的作品重新為加勒比海少數民族發聲,並喚醒他們的國家意識及文化意識。
Abstract
Born in the former British colony, Antigua, and diasporized in New York, the Afro-Caribbean writer Jamaica Kincaid lingers in a postcolonial in-between space where culture, race, and language are hybridized. In pursuit for national, cultural, racial, linguistic and female identities, Kincaid interrogates the hybrid position of a postcolonial Caribbean subject. Her works manifest a specificity of multiple hybridity that subtends colonial residues. With an attempt to claim a new Caribbean hybrid identity, Kincaid deals with the issue of resistance in her works so as to rearticulate for the Caribbean subaltern history in postcolonial diaspora. This thesis aims to explore two significant facets—hybridity and resistance—that characterize the postcolonial Caribbean world in Kincaid’s three major novels: Annie John, Lucy, and The Autobiography of My Mother.
This thesis contains five parts. Introduction contains the brief biography of Jamaica Kincaid, literature reviews, and the motivation of this thesis. Chapter One builds up a theoretical framework for this thesis, where I refer to Stuart Hall’s rationale on “cultural hybridity” and Homi K. Bhabha’s assertion on “hybridity” as well as “resistance.” Stuart Hall highlights the significant aspects concerning “hybridity,” which configures the Caribbean history and marks the postcolonial Caribbean identity. Homi K. Bhabha argues for both an “in-between” space and a resistant power of hybridity in “colonial desire” and “colonial mimicry.” In Chapter Two, I undertake to explore cultural hybridity in Kincaid’s Annie John, Lucy, and The Autobiography of My Mother. Focusing on the presentation of both English and African cultural elements in the three novels, I attempt to expose how Jamaica Kincaid writes hybridity as a resistant strategy of de-colonization. Besides, the way by which the three female protagonists resist colonial domination and reclaim their new hybrid identity in culture and language will be revealed. Chapter Three tackles the problem of ethnic hybridity in the three novels. Being Afro-Caribbean women confined in a postcolonial society influenced by English culture, Kincaid’s female protagonists sexually take the hybrid body as a strategy of resistance to subvert the interlocking evils of colonialism, racism, and sexism. In Conclusion, I recapitulate the main ideas of this thesis, including hybridity, resistance, and identity-quest. Meanwhile, I reaffirm Kincaid’s literary contribution to rearticulating for the Caribbean minority and to providing them with a national as well as cultural consciousness.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
page
Chinese Abstract………………………………………………………………………..i
Abstract………………………………………………………………………………..ii
Acknowledgements…………………………………………………………………...iv
Table of Contents……………………………………………………………………..vi

INTRODUCTION…………………………………………………………………... 1

CHAPTER ONE: Postcolonial Caribbean Hybridity and Resistance……………7
A. Stuart Hall’s Rationale on “Hybridity”……………………………………..9
B. Homi Bhabha’s “The Third Space”………………...…………………….. 23
C. Homi Bhabha’s “Subversive Formulations”……………………………... 25

CHAPTER TWO: Cultural Hybridity In Annie John, Lucy, and The Autobiography of My Mother………………………………….33
A. Annie John…………………………………………………………………35
a. Hybridity of Culture…………………………………………….36
b. Hybridity of Language………………………………………….50
B. Lucy………………………………………………………………………..53
a. Hybridity of Mourning………………………………………….53
b. Hybridity of Culture…………………………………………….59
C. The Autobiography of My Mother…………………………………………64
a. Hybridity of Culture…………………………………………….64
b. Hybridity of Language………………………………………….68

CHAPTER THREE : Ethnic Hybridity and Resistance in Annie John, Lucy, and The Autobiography of My Mother…………………………..74
A. Annie John………………………………………………………………...76
B. Lucy……………………………………………………………………….81
C. The Autobiography of My Mother………………………………………...85

CONCLUSION…………………………………………………………………….103

Works Cited…………………………………………………………………………107
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