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研究生:婁凱豪
研究生(外文):Kai-Hou Lou
論文名稱:從二元到多元:普契尼《蝴蝶夫人》與黃哲倫《蝴蝶君》中的身分認同與權力關係
論文名稱(外文):From Binarism to Diversity: Identities and Power Relations in Giocomo Puccini’s Madama Butterfly and David Henry Hwang’s M. Butterfly
指導教授:蔣筱珍蔣筱珍引用關係
指導教授(外文):Hsiao-Chen Chiang
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立彰化師範大學
系所名稱:英語研究所
學門:人文學門
學類:外國語文學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2004
畢業學年度:92
語文別:英文
論文頁數:94
中文關鍵詞:二元論多元化身分認同權力宰制變裝
外文關鍵詞:Binarismdiversityidentitypower relationtransvestism
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人們對性別, 種族, 及文化的觀念會隨著不同的時空而有不同的看法。 在不同的時空交錯下, 不同的性別,不同的種族, 不同的文化會衍生出不同的觀感。 傳統社會中對於兩性的看法是認為男尊女卑, 男人是女人的天, 女人必須甘於男人的宰制。 在性取向上則視異性戀為正統, 其他的性取向如同性戀, 雙性戀等皆為異端。 在種族上則是認為西方人是強權代表, 而東方人是低人一等。 另外在文化上認為西方文化是先進的 ,並且站在領航者的地位。 而東方文化是保有古老與異國色彩。 然而隨著時間的累積, 在地球村的風氣主導下, 現實生活中國與國之間的交流頻繁, 人們對傳統性別、 種族、與文化的觀念也有所改變。 取而代之的是促進兩性的平等, 性取向的自由與多元, 族群的融合, 以及文化的多元與交流。
傳統與現代對於性別、種族、以及文化的觀感在閱讀《蝴蝶夫人》與《蝴蝶君》當中可以發現。 藉由角色的互動, 身分認同與權力的關係的分析可以看出這種傳統的二元對立到多元共存的轉變。


Abstract
People’s views on gender, race, and culture experience change through different times and spaces. Under the interweaving of different times and spaces, different genders, races, and cultures produce different ideas and values. The view on the sexes in the traditional society reveals the sexism—the superiority of men and the inferiority of women. Men are the only and whole concern for women. Women must accept men’s dominations willingly. In sexual orientation, heterosexuality is the gender norm. The other sexual orientations such as homosexuality and bisexuality are the deviations. In race, Western races are the spokesmen of supremacy, and Eastern races are inferior to them. Moreover, in culture, Western cultures are regarded as advanced and the leaders among the world cultures. However, people’s views on Eastern cultures are old and exotic. As time goes by, under the influence of the idea of global village, the interactions among countries are frequent in modern time. People’s views on gender, race, and culture also change. Instead, the ideas of the equality between two sexes, the diversity of sexual orientations, the union of races, and the interaction of multiple cultures are encouraged.
Traditional and modern views on gender, race, and culture can be found through the reading of Madama Butterfly and M. Butterfly. Through the interactions among characters, and the analysis of identities and power relations, the change from binarism to diversity sheds light.

Table of Contents



Chapter One
Introduction -------------------------------------------1


Chapter Two
Identities and Power Relations--------------------------8


Chapter Three
Identities in Madama Butterfly and
M. Butterfly- -----------------------------------------22


Chapter Four
Power Relations in Madama Butterfly and
M. Butterfly ------------------------------------------50


Chapter Five

Conclusion---------------------------------------------70



Notes--------------------------------------------------84



Works Cited--------------------------------------------87



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