(3.236.214.19) 您好!臺灣時間:2021/05/10 08:12
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果

詳目顯示:::

我願授權國圖
: 
twitterline
研究生:林水木
研究生(外文):Shuei-Mu Lin
論文名稱:行動電子收費系統
論文名稱(外文):A Mobile Electronic Toll Collection System
指導教授:林清一林清一引用關係
指導教授(外文):Chin E. Lin
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立彰化師範大學
系所名稱:電機工程學系
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2004
畢業學年度:92
語文別:英文
論文頁數:100
中文關鍵詞:電子收費系統行動通訊交易通訊協定軟體
外文關鍵詞:Electronic Toll Collection system (ETC)Mobile CommunicationToll Transaction ProtocolSoftware
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:1
  • 點閱點閱:119
  • 評分評分:系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔
  • 下載下載:0
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
GSM行動通訊系統已經廣受利用,利用行動台(手機)建立電子收費的技術可以迅速的普及。本文利用GSM行動通訊系統,建構一個簡單可行的通訊協定,讓行動台與收費系統間容易交換交易的訊息,在極短的時間內完成收、付費的功能。本系統可以用在固定收費站的高速公路與或橋樑,或匝道入口、出口的任何公路,以至於無人收費停車場等。本系統包括車機硬體電路、路側機硬體、交易系統軟體等都已經建置並經過初步的測試。
GSM mobile communication has been used vastly, an electronic toll collection system (ETC) can be established from mobile stations (cell phones) though this system. This thesis presents a simple ETC protocol for transactions among mobile stations to toll stations to complete pay-receipt function in a very short duration. The proposed ETC will be useful to fixed toll stations in free ways or bridges, or ramps to any high ways or free ways, and even to un-manned toll parking lots. The proposed system is preliminarily tested with car hardware, road side hardware, and transaction software with good results.
TABLE OF CONCENTS
摘要……………………………………………………………………Ⅰ
ABSTRACT………………………………………………………………Ⅰ
謝誌……………………………………………………………………Ⅱ
LIST OF FIGURES…………………………………………………… Ⅵ
LIST OF TABLES………………………………………………………Ⅸ
CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION ………………………………………… 1
1.1 Motivation…………………………………………………… 1
1.2 Goals of This Thesis……………………………………… 3
1.3 The Proposed Method………………………………………… 3
1.4 Organization of This Thesis …………………………… 4
CHAPTER 2 LITERATURE SURVEY…………………………………… 5
2.1 Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS)………………5
2.1-1 Definition of ITS………………………………………… 5
2.1-2 Goal of ITS………………………………………………… 7
2.1-3 The development of ITS……………………………………10
2.1-4 The service system of ITS……………………………… 13
2.2 The Development of Electronic Toll Collection (ETC) 15
2.2.1 The ETC development of the American area……………15
2.2.2 The ETC development of Europe………………………… 18
2.2.3 The ETC development of Australia………………………20
2.2.4 The ETC development of Asia…………………………… 20
2.3 Freeway Toll in Taiwan………………………………………22
CHAPTER 3 COMMUNICATION INFRASTRUCTURE…………………. 25
3.1 Dedicated Short Range Communication (DSRC)……………25
3.1.1 Infrared ray…………………………………………………29
3.1.2 Bluetooth…………………………………………………… 33
3.2 Long Distance Communication……………………………… 40
3.2.1 Global System for Mobile Communication, GSM System40
3.2.1.1 GSM900/GSM1800 (DCS) system………………………… 41
3.2.1.2 Multiple Access Techniques of GSM System…………41
3.2.1.2.1 FDMA (Frequency Division Multiple Access)…… 42
3.2.1.2.2 TDMA (Time Division Multiple Access)……………43
3.2.1.3 GSM systematic network structure……………………45
3.2.2 General Packet Radio Service (GPRS)………………… 47
3.2.2.1 The main characteristics of GPRS and PDN (Packet Date Network)……………………………………………………… 48
3.2.2.2 GPRS systematic network structure………………… 49
CHAPTER 4 THE PROPOSED ETC SYSTEM DESIGN…………………..52
4.1 Concept of System Design……………………………………54
4.1.1Car Unit……………………………………………………… 54
4.1.2 Road-Side Receiver (RS-RX)………………………………56
4.1.3 Road-Side Transmitter (RS-TX)………………………… 57
4.2 Hardware Segments…………………………………………… 59
4.2.1 Single-Chip Microprocessor………………………………59
4.2.2 TG-11 RF Module…………………………………………….61
4.2.3 Encode and Decode IC………………………………………63
4.2.4 RS-232 Serial Interface………………………………… 67
4.2.5 HIN232 IC…………………………………………………….68
4.2.6 GSM Cell phone………………………………………………70
4.2.7 Antenna……………………………………………………….71
4.3 Software Segment………………………………………………73
4.3.1 Toll Collection Center……………………………………73
4.3.2 Microsoft Hyper Terminal…………………………………73
4.4 Integrated System with Hardware Segments………………75
CHAPTER 5 EXPERIMENTAL PROCEDURE AND VERIFICATION….. 78
5.1 The Proposed ETC Applications…………………………… 78
5.1.1 Concept for development………………………………….78
5.1.2 Definition of basic protocol……………… 79
5.1.3 Ready to the vehicle………………………………………80
5.2 Procedure of ETC for freeway gate control…………… 81
5.2.1 Entrance to freeway……………………………………… 81
5.2.2 Exit from freeway………………………………………… 88
5.2.3 Toll Collection e-Center Authentication…………… 90
5.2.4 Toll Collection e-charge…………………………………93
5.3 Other applications……………………………………………94
CHAPTER 6 CONCLUCTION…………………………………………… 95
6.1 Some problems………………………………………………… 96
6.2 Advantages and Disadvantages………………………………97
6.3 ETC in the future…………………………………………… 98
REFERENCE…………………………………………………………… 99


LIST OF FIGURES

Fig.3-1 Infrared Transmission Port……………………………30
Fig.3-2 ISM Band……………………………………………………33
Fig.3-3 OSI Model and Bluetooth……………………………… 34
Fig.3-4 Point to Point……………………………………………36
Fig3-5 Point to Multi-Point…………………………………… 36
Fig.3-6-1 Scatternet………………………………………………37
Fig.3-6-2 Scatternet………………………………………………38
Fig.3-7 FDMA Physical Channel………………………………… 42
Fig.3-8 TDMA Physical Channel………………………………… 43
Fig.3-9 Hybrid FDMA/TDMA of GSM (DCS) Physical Channel…44
Fig.3-10 Basic Cell of GSM………………………………………44
Fig.3-11 Architecture of GSM Network…………………………47
Fig.3-12 Architecture of GPRS network……………………… 50
Fig.4-1 (a) Architecture of ETC System for freeway entrance gate control............................................53
Fig.4-1 (b) Architecture of ETC System for freeway toll station control.........................................53
Fig.4-1 (c) Architecture of ETC System for unmanned parking lot.................................................... 54
Fig. 4-2 Architecture of Car Unit…………………………… 55
Fig.4-3 Architecture of Road-Side Receiver Unit (RS-RX) 56
Fig.4-4 Architecture of Road-Side Transmitter (RS-TX)… 57
Fig. 4-5 Hardware Architecture of CU, RS-RX and RS-TX… 58
Fig.4-6 Architecture of AT89C52 Pin………………………… 60
Fig.4-7 RWS-371-6 Receiver………………………………………61
Fig.4-8 TWS-BS-3 Transmitter……………………………………62
Fig.4-9 Architecture of HT-12E-18 DIP Pin………………… 64
Fig.4-10 Pin Description of HT-12E………………………… 64
Fig.4-11 Flowchart of HT-12E……………………………………65
Fig.4-12 Architecture of HT-12D 18 DIP Pin…………………66
Fig.4-13 Pin Description of HT-12D……………………………66
Fig.4-14 Flowchart of HT-12D……………………………………67
Fig.4-15 Architecture of RS-232 Pin………………………… 68
Fig.4-16 Architecture of HIN232 Pin………………………… 69
Fig.4-17 T28sc………………………………………………………………… 70
Fig.4-18 R520m………………………………………………………71
Fig. 19 CR-77 BRC antenna……………………………………… 72
Fig.4-20 Microsoft Hyper Terminal Test………………………74
Fig.4-21 PCB of CU…………………………………………………75
Fig.4-22 Hardware circuit of CU……………………………… 76
Fig.4-23 Hardware circuit of RS-TX……………………………76
Fig.4-24 Hardware circuit of RS-RX……………………………77
Fig.5-1 Architecture of ETC System for freeway entrance gate control……………………………………………………… 78
Fig.5-2 Procedures of entrance to freeway………………… 81
Fig.5-3 First Procedure of TX0101 Flow Chart………………82
Fig.5-4 Second Procedure of CU Flow Chart………………… 83
Fig.5-5 Third Procedure of e-Center Flow Chart……………84
Fig.5-6 Fourth Procedure of CU Flow Chart………………… 85
Fig.5-7 Fifth Procedure of (RX/TX)0101 Flow Chart……… 86
Fig.5-8 Sixth Procedure of CU Flow Chart……………………87
Fig.5-9 Procedures of Exit from Freeway…………………… 88
Fig.5-10 Program of 0101 e-Center…………………………… 91
Fig.5-11 Program of 0030 e-Center…………………………… 92
Fig.5-12 Data of 0101 e-Center…………………………………91
Fig.5-13 Data of 0030 e-Center…………………………………92
Fig.5-14 Data of 0101 e-Center and 0030 e-Center…………93

LIST OF TABLES

Table.1 Microwave frequency divisions…………………………29
Table.2 Output Power Level and Transmission Distance…… 38
Table.3 IrDA and Bluetooth Comparison Sheet…………………39
Table 4 Comparison Sheet of single-chip Family…………… 59
Table 5 Pin Description of RS-232………………………………68
Table 6 Electric Characteristic of TTL and RS-232…………69
Table 7 Basic AT Command for This Thesis…………………… 74


[1] 中華民國新型專利: 電子收費系統 , 核准文號: 92年2月26日智專二(三)06011字第09220194430號,申請人: 林清一。
[2-1] http://www.iot.gov.tw/its
[2-2] http://www.its-taiwan.org.tw/index2.htm
[2-3] http://www.its.dot.gov/arch/arch.htm
[2-4]http://www.cnw21.com/maindoc/new/research/traffic/index.htm
[2-5] 黃國鈞,’’行動通訊系統應用在電子收費’’ ,國立成功大學航空太空研究所碩士論文,民國88年
[2-6] S. K. Chang, R. M. Wang, C. W. Lien, “Review and Preliminary of Functional Requirements for Freeway Electronic Toll Collection Systems”, Taiwan’s International Conference & Exhibition on ITS, 2000.
[3-1] http://www.leearmstrong.com/DSRC/DSRCHomeset.htm
[3-2] http://www.irda.org/
[3-4] http://www.bluetooth.com
[3-5] 莊奕琪 “藍芽科技—打造現代生活新革命” 書泉出版社 ISDN: 986-121-008-3 2003年4月
[3-6] Jennifer Bray and Charles F Sturman “Bluetooth Connect Without Cables” PRENTICE HALL INC. ISDN: 957-21-3423-X
[3-7] V. K. Gary, J. E. Wilkes, “Principles & Applications of GSM”, Prentice Hall Printing, New York, 1999.
[3-8] J. Gozalvez Sempere,“An overview of the GSM system,” from web: <http://www.comms.eee.strath.ac.uk/~gozalvez/gsm/gsm.html>
[3-9]D. J. Goodman,”Wireless Personal Communications Systems” Addison-Wesley, 1997, ISBN 0-201-63470-8.
[3-10] 王潤邑、李依俊 編譯, ”GPRS 與 3G 無線應用程式-行動上網技術終極指南”,全華書局,民91年6月。
[3-11] 程懷遠 編著,”最新數位通訊大全2G/3G/WLAN原理與實務”,全華書局,民92年3月。
[4-1] 楊明豐,”8051 單晶片設計實務”,�眳p書局,民87年5月。
[4-2] http://www.wenshing.com.tw
[4-3] http://www.holtek.com.tw
[4-4] 白中和 編譯,” RS-232-C 技術詳解與應用”,全華書局,民90年12月。
[4-5] 范逸之、陳立元,”Visual Basic 與RS-232串列通訊控制最新版”,文魁書局,民91年5月。
[4-6] 陳峰棋 編著,“深入淺出 Visual Basic 資料庫程式設計”,知城數位科技股份有限公司,民91年12月。

QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top
系統版面圖檔 系統版面圖檔