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研究生:陳昭伶
研究生(外文):Chao-Ling Chen
論文名稱:組織政治知覺對組織承諾之影響—台灣不同政黨認同者的差異性比較
論文名稱(外文):The Effect of Perceptions of Organizational Politics on Organizational Commitment -An analysis of effects of party identification
指導教授:何金銘何金銘引用關係
指導教授(外文):Chin-Ming Ho
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中山大學
系所名稱:人力資源管理研究所
學門:商業及管理學門
學類:其他商業及管理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2004
畢業學年度:92
語文別:中文
論文頁數:104
中文關鍵詞:政黨認同組織承諾組織政治知覺
外文關鍵詞:party identificationorganizational commitmentperceptions of organizational politics
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:8
  • 點閱點閱:257
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:73
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:7
根據Ferris et al.(1989)所建構的組織政治知覺模型,以「政黨認同」為干擾變項,擴大研究現實政治中政黨認同的不同,在組織政治中是否具有管理上的價值意涵。因此本研究目的主在探討組織政治知覺各構面與組織承諾及其構面的連結關係,以及不同政黨認同傾向是否具有干擾效果?研究樣本來源是何金銘博士及其組織政治研究團隊,於91年研究調查問卷有效回收樣本共計1632份之次級資料。經由因素分析、單因子變異數分析、相關分析、複迴歸分析相關等統計分析後,得到結果如下:
一、組織政治知覺與組織承諾之相關性
1. 組織政治知覺及其構面與組織承諾有顯著負相關。
2. 組織政治知覺及其構面與規範性承諾有顯著負相關。
3. 組織政治知覺及其構面與情感性承諾有顯著負相關。
4. 組織政治知覺及其構面與持續性承諾呈部分顯著正相關。
二、組織政治知覺各構面對組織承諾及其構面均有顯著解釋力。
三、政黨認同傾向的不同,對組織政治知覺及其構面或組織承諾及其構面均無顯著差異性。
四、政黨認同傾向對組織政治知覺各構面,與組織承諾及其構面的關係具有干擾效果;亦即在不同的政黨支持群中,組織政治知覺各構面對組織承諾及其構面的影響情況有顯著差異。
根據實證研究結果發現,「政黨認同」分群探討樣本各自在組織政治行為的知覺程度或在組織承諾的反應程度,雖然在平均數上並無明顯有程度上的差異,但是在對組織政治知覺與組織承諾的連結關係上,其變異量有明顯的變動差異,顯示出「政黨認同」是具有干擾效果。
Based on the model of Perceptions of Organizational Politics by Ferris, Russ and Fandtand (1989), this study tries to understand, through “party identification” as a moderator variable, whether party identification in practical politics has a managerial insight in organizational politics. Accordingly, the purpose of this study is to examine the relationship between perceptions of organizational politics and organizational commitment, as well as whether party identification has a moderating effect.

Data for this study is drawn from the secondary data, 1632 sample size collected by Dr. Chin-ming Ho and his research team throughout 2002. It is found using the multivariate analysis 1) perceptions of organizational politics are negatively associated with organizational commitment, 2) perceptions of organizational politics are negatively associated with normative commitment, 3) perceptions of organizational politics are negatively associated with affective commitment, 4) perceptions of organizational politics are partially positively associated with continuance commitment 5) perceptions of organizational politics have a significant effect on organizational commitment in every dimension, 6) party identification has no significant differences in perceptions of organizational politics and organizational commitment, 7) party identification has a moderating effect on perceptions of organizational politics and organizational commitment; namely, the difference of party identification has a significant effect on perceptions of organizational politics and organizational commitment.
第一章 緒 論 1
第一節 研究動機與研究目的 1
第二節 研究流程 4
第二章 文獻探討與研究假說 5
第一節 組織政治知覺之理論與研究 5
第二節 組織承諾之理論與研究 25
第三節 政黨認同的理論與研究 41
第三章 研究方法 49
第一節 研究架構 49
第二節 研究變項的衡量工具 52
第三節 研究變項操作性定義 57
第四節 資料分析方法 61
第五節 樣本描述性分析 62
第四章 實證分析 73
第一節 組織政治知覺與組織承諾之相關性分析 73
第二節 組織政治知覺對組織承諾之影響性 74
第三節 在不同政黨認同群上之差異性分析 76
第四節 在不同政黨認同群上之影響性比較 78
第五章 結論與建議 84
第一節 研究結論 84
第二節 研究建議 86
第三節 研究限制 87
參考文獻 88
附錄 次級資料之調查問卷 102
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