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研究生:孫智嫻
研究生(外文):Jyh-shyen Sun
論文名稱:高雄港港埠業務規模經濟與範疇經濟之分析
論文名稱(外文):An Analysis on Economies of Scale and Scope of Port Operations for the Kaohsiung Harbor Bureau
指導教授:張玉山張玉山引用關係翁嘉禧翁嘉禧引用關係
指導教授(外文):Yue-shan Chang
學位類別:博士
校院名稱:國立中山大學
系所名稱:中山學術研究所
學門:社會及行為科學學門
學類:政治學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2004
畢業學年度:92
語文別:中文
論文頁數:134
中文關鍵詞:範疇經濟規模經濟Fourier 成本函數港埠業務
外文關鍵詞:port operationseconomies of scale and scopeFourier cost function
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:16
  • 點閱點閱:439
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:95
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:3
長久以來我國的港埠服務一直由行政組織的港務局所提供。為因應自由化浪潮與日益嚴峻的競爭環境,政府亟思藉由港務局的組織改造來提高高雄港的營運效能。組織改造必須蘊含經濟理性才能達到提高競爭力之目標。本研究藉由檢驗高雄港務局主要營運業務的成本特性,以提出具有成本效益的業務組合與政府管理港埠經營的原則。本研究使用民國86年1月至民國90年12月的統計資料,以Fourier成本函數建立一個三種投入〈勞動、資本與中間投入〉與三種產出〈停泊、裝卸與倉儲業務〉的分析模型。實證結果為1.個別業務成本與港埠整體業務成本均具有顯著性的規模經濟與範疇經濟特性。2.裝卸與倉儲業務在目前營運量下有剩餘產能。3.停泊與裝卸兩項業務具有成本互補性。本文的結論是:目前港務局的主要營運項目應在適度的管制下引入競爭機制。因此,政府應設計符合經濟理性的管理規則以實現成本節省的利益。由於港埠業務無法完全藉由市場機制達到提高經濟效率,因而需有代表社會利益的機構管理監督港埠營運以確保社會最大利益。
This paper provides a cost-efficient business mix and principles of regulation for the Kaohsiung Harbor Bureau. The authors use a multi-product model that represents port operations with three variables: mooring, stevedoring, and warehousing. A Fourier cost function is used to calculate several cost indicators. The sample covers monthly data in 1997-2001. By analyzing the cost indicators obtained, it is found that both individual operations and all of the operations together as a whole exhibit significant economies of scale and scope. Moreover, the presence of excess capacity in stevedoring and warehousing have been detected, as well as a presence of cost complement between mooring and stevedoring. Port operations cannot improve economic efficiency with perfect competition. On the contrary, the government should design economically reasonable regulations. Because port operations can not improve economic efficiency by market mechanism, port operations should be regulated by a proper authority in order to effectuate maximum social welfare.
第一章 緒論 P.01
第一節 研究動機與研究目的 P.01
第二節 研究方法與研究架構 P.03
第三節 資料來源與研究限制 P.05
第二章 高雄港港埠作業概況與經營分析 P.07
第一節 港埠作業概況 P.08
第二節 港埠經營分析 P.12
第三章 文獻回顧 P.23
第一節 港埠成本特性相關文獻 P.23
第二節 Fourier成本函數相關文獻 P.31
第四章 理論基礎 P.33
第一節 規模經濟與範疇經濟 P.33
第二節 生產函數與成本函數的對偶關係 P.46
第三節 負的邊際成本 P.53
第五章 實證模型與資料說明 P.61
第一節 實證模型 P.61
第二節 資料蒐集 P.68
第三節 變數定義 P.69

第六章 實證結果與說明 P.73
第一節 Fourier成本函數的推估與模擬 P.73
第二節 規模經濟之推估與檢定 P.81
第三節 範疇經濟之推估與檢定 P.84
第七章 結論與建議 P.89
第一節 結論 P.89
第二節 建議 P.90
參考文獻 P.91
附錄 P.103
附表 P.107
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