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研究生:陳榮堂
研究生(外文):Jung-tang Chen
論文名稱:《大亨小傳》之敘事技巧、價值體系、及美國夢
論文名稱(外文):Narrative Strategies, Value Systems, and the American Dream in The Great Gatsby
指導教授:鍾玲鍾玲引用關係
指導教授(外文):Ling Chung
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中山大學
系所名稱:外國語文學系研究所
學門:人文學門
學類:外國語文學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2004
畢業學年度:92
語文別:英文
論文頁數:115
中文關鍵詞:敘事技巧價值體系
外文關鍵詞:narrative strategiesvalue systems
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本論文旨在探討史考特•費茲傑羅與其小說《大亨小傳》之間的關係,尤其著重在此小說所描寫的一九二零年代的美國社會。由於此小說是紀錄這段時期極為重要的文學著作之一,因此本文將透過內容與主題的討論來探究作者對所處相關時代背景的觀點。本文分成六部分,緒論說明為何此小說具有自傳成分並闡明大意,第一章細述作者的真實生活與小說內容之間的關聯,第二章談及作者的敘事技巧,包括人物塑造,意象,以及象徵,第三章著重在價值體系,意即小說所呈現的一九二零年代社會與經濟情況,第四章討論小說中美國夢的發展:從一開始對美國夢的追求到後來的墮落,此外,本章結尾以故事主角蓋茲比為例,強調美國夢的偉大之處在於邁向成功的進步過程,而非物質或精神上的成功本身。
The purpose of this thesis is to explore the relations between F. Scott Fitzgerald and his novel The Great Gatsby, with emphasis on 1920s’ American society as portrayed in this novel. Since the novel is one of the greatest literary documents of this period, it is necessary to discuss the novel in relation to the historical background. Therefore, in this thesis, I focus on the main themes of the novel with a view to better understanding its contexts. This thesis falls into five parts. In the introduction, I points out why the novel seems to be an autobiographical one and give an outline of the whole thesis. In the first chapter, I explore the novel in association with the author’s real life. In the second chapter, I examine the author’s narrative strategies, including characterization, imagery, and symbolism. In the third chapter, I discuss the value systems with reference to the social and economic situation of the 1920s as presented in the novel. In the fourth chapter, I aim to delineate the development of the American Dream in the novel—the initial pursuit and the later corruption. Furthermore, taking Gatsby as an example, I conclude the chapter by arguing that it is the continuous progress that matters, instead of the success, whether it be material, or spiritual.
Introduction……………………………………………………………1
Chapter One: A Novel of the 1920s…………………………………6
Chapter Two: Narrative Strategies………………………………34
Chapter Three: The Value Systems…………………………………60
Chapter Four: The American Dream…………………………………89
Works Cited.…………………………………………………………107
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