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研究生:郭明勳
研究生(外文):Ming-Shiun Kuo
論文名稱:脈衝雷射誘發偶氮染料-液晶瞬時光柵下溫度效應之研究
論文名稱(外文):The Study of Temperature Dependence of Pulse Laser-Induced Transient Grating Effect in Azo-Dye Doped Liquid Crystals
指導教授:郭啟東
指導教授(外文):Chie-Tong Kuo
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中山大學
系所名稱:物理學系研究所
學門:自然科學學門
學類:物理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2004
畢業學年度:92
語文別:中文
論文頁數:82
中文關鍵詞:瞬時光柵脈衝雷射偶氮染料-液晶擴散
外文關鍵詞:transient gratingdiffusiondye doped in liquid crystalspulse laser
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:1
  • 點閱點閱:115
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:14
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
偶氮染料-液晶混合薄膜(Azo-Dye Doped Liquid Crystal 簡稱 DDLC).是被廣泛的研究在光開閘、顯示器..等應用上的材料。論文中我們將說明DDLC薄膜中染料分子與液晶在形成暫時性光柵中的影響。
藉由不同偏振方向寫入光與探測光在不同環境溫度下形成暫時性光柵加以研究探討,並提出一個簡單模型說明染料與液晶間的作用機制。
Azo-Dye Doped Liquid Crystal (DDLC) is a developed material which can be used to fabricate optical shutter, displays, etc. In this thesis, we presents of the transient grating on a planar aligned DDLC.
The effect of various polarizations of writing and probing beams, and of temperature on the transient grating are examined. Then, we propose a model to explain the result. Through this study, we understand the factors that determine the light-induced aligning Dye effect on nematic liquid crystals.
目 錄
目 錄…………………………………………………………………Ⅰ
圖表索引…………………………………………………………………Ⅳ
中文摘要…………………………………………………………………Ⅶ
英文摘要…………………………………………………………………Ⅷ

第一章 液晶簡介
1-1 前言…………………………………………………………1
1-2 液晶簡介………………………………………………………1
1-2-1 何謂液晶……………………………………………………1
1-2-2 液晶種類…………………………………………………2
1-2-3 熱致型液晶(thermotropic liquid crystal)…………2
1-3 液晶的光電特性………………………………………………6
1-3-1 外加場對絕緣向列液晶的影響………………………………7
1-3-2 溫度對向列相液晶的影響……………………………………8
1-4 液晶光學與物理……………………………………………11
1-4-1 液晶的光學異向性(Optical Anisotropic)………………11
1-4-2 液晶的連續體彈形變性理論………………………………13
1-5 DDLC 薄膜簡介………………………………………………14


第二章 理論探討
2-1 雷射引致光柵(Laser- Induction Grating)………………17
2-1-1雷射誘發光柵(Laser-Induced Gratings)………………17
2-2 光柵分類與特性………………………………………………18
2-2-1光柵分類…………………………………………………18
2-2-2 光柵特性……………………………………………………20
2-3 DDLC薄膜非線性光致光折變效應………………………………22

第三章 實驗內容
3-1 DDLC樣品製作………………………………………………30
3-2 樣品製作……………………………………………………30
3-3實驗裝置及架設………………………………………………34
3-3-1 Conoscopic 觀察液晶配向………………………………34
3-3-2 實驗架設……………………………………………………35

第四章 實驗結果與分析討論
4-1 DDLC薄膜特性量測………………………………………………38
4-1-1線偏振光對DDLC薄膜吸收動態變化觀察……………………38
4-2 全像光柵中觀察一階繞效率動態變化………………………39
4-2-1低濃度下一階繞射動態變化……………………………39


4-2-2改變寫入光角度量測低濃度下一階繞射………………45
4-3 高濃度下一階繞射動態變化…………………………………48
4-3-1Conoscopic 觀察濃度2.0%DDLC薄膜隨溫度變化……………48
4-3-2濃度2.0%下一階繞射機制………………………………61
第五章 總結與未來展望
5-1 總結………………………………………………………73
5-2 未來展望………………………………………………………74
附件
液晶:K15……………………………………………………………75
偶氮染料分子:DR1……………………………………………………76
參考文獻………………………………………………………………77
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