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研究生:張成璞
研究生(外文):Cheng-pu Chang
論文名稱:海頓《尼爾遜彌撒曲》之研究
論文名稱(外文):Haydn''s Nelson Mass
指導教授:翁佳芬
指導教授(外文):Chia-fen Weng
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中山大學
系所名稱:音樂學系研究所
學門:藝術學門
學類:音樂學類
論文種類:學術論文
畢業學年度:92
語文別:中文
論文頁數:101
中文關鍵詞:彌撒曲海頓
外文關鍵詞:MassHaydn
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:4
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  • 下載下載:82
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古典時期的彌撒曲,受到交響曲的影響,加入了許多器樂曲的形式與元素。十八世紀後期,啟蒙時代追求自由理性的風潮,以及奧地利的宗教改革,對於當時維也納的宗教音樂發展有著深刻的影響。海頓身為古典樂派的巨擘,他的宗教音樂雖然不若他的器樂曲受到世人注目,然而他的晚期宗教作品,包括六首彌撒曲與兩闕備受景仰的神劇,仍然被視為古典樂派宗教音樂的典範。
《尼爾遜彌撒曲》是海頓六首晚期彌撒曲中的一首,與其他五首晚期彌撒曲具有一致的結構和歌詞處置模式,除此之外,《尼爾遜彌撒曲》具有相當獨特的調性、器樂編制、和音樂表現力。其中不僅表現出海頓融合各類型風格的高超手法,也流露出海頓追求自由開放與個人風格的一面。
本論文的研究主題可分為三大方向。首先著重於音樂史方面的探討,由古典時期的教堂音樂發展及奧地利之宗教改革的影響談起,延伸到海頓與宗教音樂的接觸以及其彌撒曲創作之風格演進歷程,再進一步討論《尼爾遜彌撒曲》本身的創作背景。其次則是針對《尼爾遜彌撒曲》進行創作手法分析,並討論其中的歌詞配置。最後由演奏法的觀點切入,就合唱團編制、速度、力度、分句、抑揚、音色、與表現力各方面,探討演出時所應注意的層面。結論提出《尼爾遜彌撒曲》的創作特色,並以此說明海頓晚期彌撒曲身為時代典範所具有的承先啟後意義。
The mass in Classical period was greatly influenced by symphonic style, especially by the form and the instrumental elements. The Enlightenment and the Religious Reformation in Austria also deeply affected the composer’s attitude toward composing mass movements in late 18th century. Haydn was recognized as the master at that time. His late sacred works include six masses and the two remarkable oratorios. Though they may not be as famous as his great symphonies and instrumental works, these works are regarded as the climax of church music in Classical period. Haydn’s late masses all share the common structure and text settings, and Lord Nelson Mass is one of them. However, it is quite unique in its D minor key, orchestration, and music expression. It not only shows the refined skill of Haydn, but also reveals his yearning for freedom, unconventional expression, and personal style.
This thesis consists of five chapters. The first one is the introduction. The second chapter is about the background and the style of Haydn’s six late masses, particularly focusing on Lord Nelson Mass. The third chapter displays thorough analysis of each movement of Lord Nelson Mass. The fourth chapter presents the discussion about the performance practice of Classical period in choir size, tempo, dynamic, phrasing, articulation, tone quality, and expression, which should be taken into consideration when performing Lord Nelson Mass. The final chapter draws conclusions from the study.
目錄 1
譜例目錄 2
圖表目錄 4
第一章 序論 5
第二章 《尼爾遜彌撒曲》的時代風格與創作背景 8
第一節 古典時期的教堂音樂發展 8
第二節 十八世紀後期的維也納與奧地利之宗教改革 10
第三節 海頓與宗教音樂的關聯和他的早期彌撒曲 12
第四節 海頓後期彌撒曲之風格討論 17
第五節 《尼爾遜彌撒曲》之創作背景 23
第三章 《尼爾遜彌撒曲》創作手法分析 30
第一節 〈垂憐經〉 31
第二節 〈榮耀經〉 38
第三節 〈信經〉 46
第四節 〈聖哉經〉 57
第五節 〈羔羊經〉 66
第六節 歌詞配置 71
第四章 由演奏法觀點探討《尼爾遜彌撒曲》 75
第一節 合唱團編制 75
第二節 速度 79
第三章 力度 84
第四節 分句與抑揚 86
第五節 音色與表現力 88
第五章 結論 91
附錄 彌撒曲歌詞原文及中文翻譯 96
參考書目 99
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