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研究生:曾文健
研究生(外文):Wen-chien Tseng
論文名稱:高雄壽山地區兩口井下岩心之古亭坑層浮游性有孔蟲穩定同位素記錄
論文名稱(外文):Planktonic Foraminiferal Isotopic Records of Gutingken Formation at Shoushan, Kaohsiung
指導教授:林慧玲林慧玲引用關係劉祖乾劉祖乾引用關係
指導教授(外文):Hui-Ling LinJames-T Liu
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中山大學
系所名稱:海洋地質及化學研究所
學門:自然科學學門
學類:海洋科學學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2004
畢業學年度:92
語文別:中文
論文頁數:101
中文關鍵詞:古亭坑層穩定同位素有孔蟲壽山
外文關鍵詞:Isotopic RecordsForaminiferalGutingken FormationShoushan
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本論文之材料取自於國立中山大學校區內邊坡穩定監測所鑽井岩心,岩心所在地層屬高雄石灰岩下方之古亭坑層。研究中選取其中兩根W-2(N:2504008.088;E:174168.943,岩心總長60公尺)與S-4(N:2503968.458;E:174009.179,岩心總長55公尺)鑽探岩心。W-2及S-4之古亭坑泥岩長度分別為38.7公尺與21.8公尺。W-2及S-4分別每隔約10公分及30~40公分採一樣品,平均採取40 g左右之泥岩。
此研究為國內首次對沉積岩序進行有孔蟲穩定同位素分析,研究工作主要分二部分進行,一部分是利用浮游性有孔蟲來進行碳氧穩定同位素分析;另一部分則是以生物地層學的超微化石予以定年。
超微化石帶small Gephyrocapsa 亞帶之絕對年代分佈為1.242Ma~1.031Ma間,而根據岩心之穩定同位素所對比得到的年代模式為1.186 Ma ~1.065Ma,幾乎可以作為涵蓋small Gephyrocapsa 亞帶時期陸地高解析度的同位素地層。而本論文所推論之平均沉積速率約為31cm/ky;同時沉積速率呈現地層年代越年輕,沉積速率越低之趨勢,下部古亭坑層的沉積速率變化極大,可能深受濁流沉積之影響。此外頻譜分析圖譜顯示,氧同位素記錄有一較明顯之2.5ky左右週期。顯示在當時可能有2.5ky左右之週期營力影響著環境的變化。由冰期-間冰期δ13 C數據無法反應出冰期產生之高產力,推測應該有其他的機制影響著本研究區域的生產力變化,但在本研究中無法明顯指示出確切影響冰期-間冰期δ13 C數據變化之原因。
The samples for this study were adopted from the drilling cores for the slope-stability monitoring project inside the campus of NSYSU. Stratigraphically the strata belongs to the Gutingken Formation and is lain below the Kaohsiung Limestone. Two cores were selected for this research, one is W-2 (N: 2504008.088; E: 174168.943, 60m in length) and the other is S-4 (N: 2503968.458; E: 174009.179, 55m in length). The thickness of the Gutingken Mudstone in cores W2 and S4 is 38.7m and 21.8m, respectively. Each sample was obtained at every 10 cm interval for W2 and 30~40 cm for S4 with an average weight of 40 g.
This study mainly contains two parts: analyzing the planktonic foraminifera for their carbon and oxygen stable isotopic compositions and dating the downcore records by correlating with the nannobiostratigraphy. Particular is the stable isotopic compositions of planktonic foraminifera in these terrestrial sedimentary sequences which has not been done in Taiwan before.
Overall the mudstone analyzed in this study falls in the biostratigraphic range of small Gephyrocapsa Subchron, which spreads within 1.242 Ma~1.031 Ma. according to previous report. The age range is further constrained at about 1.186~1.065 Ma based on the oxygen isotope record and thus can be regarded as a high-resolution isotopic stratigraphy within the small Gephyrocapsa subchron. The average sedimentation rate inferred by the best age model from these cores is about 31cm/ky. It shows a progressive decrease in sedimentation rates: the younger the strata, the lower the sedimentation rate. On the contrary, the sedimentation rate varies dramatically at the lower part of the record. The turbidity current might be a potential factor responsible for the change. In addition, the spectral analysis of δ18O data presents a comparatively significant cycle of about 2.5ky through out the record. It might indicate a periodic forcing which influenced the environment during sediment depositation. The δ13C record obtained from this study fail to reflect the high productivity during the glacials. The mechanism that might affect the productivity in the area is not clear and still needs advanced research.
誌謝 I
摘要 II
英文摘要 IV
目錄 VI
圖目錄 VIII
表目錄 X
第一章 緒論 1
1-1研究目的 1
1-2 研究區域概述 3
1-3 地質背景 3
1-4前人研究 6

第二章 材料及方法 11
2-1 研究材料 11
2-2 研究方法 11


第三章 實驗結果 26
3-1岩心實驗分析結果 26
3-2 超微化石帶鑑定結果 33
3-3 年代模式 35

第四章 結果討論 50
4-1 超微化石帶之定年 50
4-2 各年代模式之可能性與合理性 52
4-3 年代模式與前人研究之比較 58
4-4 穩定同位素記錄之環境意義 60

第五章 結論 73


參考文獻 75


附錄一 W2岩心實驗分析成果

附錄二 S4岩心實驗分析成果




圖目錄
圖1-2-1 壽山地區地理圖 4
圖1-3-1 壽山地區地質圖 7
圖2-1-1 岩心S4 0-20m之描述 12
圖2-1- 2 岩心S4 20-40m之描述 13
圖2-1-3 岩心S4 40-55m之描述 14
圖2-1-4 岩心W2 0-20m之描述 15
圖2-1-5 岩心W2 20-40m之描述 16
圖2-1-6 岩心W2 40-60m之描述 17
圖2-1-7 岩心S4照片(青山工程顧問公司,2003) 18
圖2-1-8 岩心W2照片(青山工程顧問公司,2003) 19
圖2-2-1 浮游性有孔蟲Globigerinoides ruber 圖例 21
圖2-2-2 本研究之浮游性有孔蟲Globigerinoides ruber在掃瞄式電子顯微鏡下的照片 22
圖3-1-1 W2岩心穩定同位素及粗顆粒百分比分析結果 27
圖3-1-2 S4岩心穩定同位素及粗顆粒百分比分析結果 28
圖3-1-3 W2與S4岩心氧同位素比對圖 31
圖3-1-4 W2與S4岩心碳同位素比對圖 32
圖3-2-1 超微化石帶鑑定圖版 34
圖3-3-1 ODP Site 1143底樓性有孔蟲δ18 O比對浮游性有孔蟲δ18 O MIS年代位置圖 37
圖3-3-2 建立年代模式相關岩心站位圖 38
圖3-3-3 年代模式一圖 41
圖3-3-4 年代模式一沉積速率對應深度圖 42
圖3-3-5 年代模式二圖 43
圖 3-3-6 年代模式二沉積速率對應深度圖 44
圖 3-3-7 年代模式三圖 46
圖 3-3-8 年代模式三沉積速率對應深度圖 47
圖 3-3-9 年代模式四圖 48
圖 3-3-10年代模式四沉積速率對應深度圖 49
圖 4-2-1 各年代模式之兩岩心年代控制點氧同位素線性回歸圖 54
圖 4-2-2 年代模式一之交頻譜分析圖 56
圖 4-2-3 年代模式二之交頻譜分析圖 56
圖 4-2-4 年代模式三之交頻譜分析圖 57
圖 4-2-5 年代模式四之交頻譜分析圖 57
圖 4-4-1 氧同位素對應年代圖 62
圖4-4-2 氧同位素與沉積速率對應年代圖 64
圖 4-4-3 W2之上部21.81-33.21公尺之δ18 O頻譜分析圖 65
圖 4-4-4 W2之下部46.11-59.91公尺之δ18 O頻譜分析圖 65
圖 4-4-5 碳同位素與沉積速率對應年代圖 68
圖 4-4-6 ODP Site 1143底棲及浮游性有孔蟲碳氧同位素分析數據 71
圖 4-4-7 W2浮游性有孔蟲碳氧同位素分析數據 71




表目錄
表1-3-1 高雄壽山地區之地層層序及地質時代 5
表3-3-1 年代模式一之年代控制點列表 40
表 3-3-2 年代模式二之年代控制點列表 40
表 3-3-3 年代模式三之年代控制點列表 40
表 3-3-4 年代模式四之年代控制點列表 40
表4-1-1 高雄壽山半屏山及大小崗山之地層層序及地質時代 51
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