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研究生:蔡凱元
研究生(外文):Kai-yuan Tsai
論文名稱:以人工濕地處理垃圾滲出水可行性之研究
論文名稱(外文):The Study of Treating Leachate in Landfill by Constructed Wetlands
指導教授:楊磊楊磊引用關係
指導教授(外文):Lei Yang
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中山大學
系所名稱:海洋環境及工程學系研究所
學門:工程學門
學類:環境工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2004
畢業學年度:92
語文別:中文
論文頁數:176
中文關鍵詞:人工濕地垃圾滲出水總氮總磷碳源溫度校正係數
外文關鍵詞:temperature correction coefficientcarbon sourceConstructed wetlandslandfill leachatetotal phosphorustotal nitrogen
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本研究係以實驗室規模之人工濕地處理系統,直接處理垃圾滲出水之原污水及經傳統污水廠二級處理過之放流水。主要的研究目的,在原垃圾滲出水方面,即在於比較經不同型態人工濕地處理系統處理過後,是否可以達到放流水標準;至於在二級放流水方面,則在探討人工濕地系統是否能再淨化廢水中之污染物,以評估再淨化過後之垃圾滲出水其回收再利用之可行性。此人工濕地系統設置於本校海科院大樓頂樓之溫室中,並於2003年7月操作至2004年5月。人工濕地系統型態,主要包括自由表面流(FWS)及表面下流系統(SSF)串聯而成之二段式人工濕地系統。在研究試驗操作期間,進行不同之廢水來源、植物種類的配置及是否添加碳源之實驗,試程大致可分為二個階段:(一)2003年7月至2003年12月;(二)2004年2月至2004年5月。第一階段試成三個實驗組P1、P2及P3之總氮除率分別為37±20%、50±11%及-6.1±37.8%;而氨氮之去除率則分別為84±11%、94±4%及60±24%;至於在總磷及磷酸鹽方面,P1、P2及P3系統則分別為37±14%、68±16%及77±16%與44±16%、75±8%及80±17%。研究期間所求得氨氮溫度校正係數(θ值)於P1、P2、P3、U1及U2系統中分別為0.921、0.949、0.926、1.043及0.785;磷酸鹽溫度校正係數(θ值)於P1、P2、P3、U1及U2系統中分別為1.006、0.981、1.070、1.235及0.843。在第二階段試程中,主要是以在添加碳源下是否會增加總氮及總氧化氮之去除率。實驗結果顯示,有添加碳源至SSF系統等,其總氮之放流水污染負荷約剩2 g/m2/day,而未添加碳源之放流水污染負荷則約剩6 g/m2/day;而TON之放流水污染負荷約剩1 g/m2/day以下,而未添加碳源之放流水污染負荷約剩2~ 3 g/m2/day。此一結果顯示出總氮及總氧化氮在添加碳源於系統中可增加有其去除的效果。
In this research, we dealt with the original landfill leachate, and put the flowing water by a traditional second one that has dealt with of sewage factory directly with the constructed wetland systems in lab-scale. The purpose the study is to compare the experimental results after dealing the leachate by different constructed wetland process systems which was judge at if the, can reach the water quality standard. The constructed wetland systems in the study were set up in a greenhouse on campus, which were operated between May 2004 and July 2003. Constructed wetland systematic attitude, include Free Water Surface System (FWS) and Subsurface Flow System (SSF) contact but two type constructed wetland system that become mainly. In the test use different waste water sources to feet the systems, and we planted different species of plants, and add extra carbon source. Thus, we can divide the experiment into two stages: (1) From July of 2003 to December of 2003. (2) From February of 2004 to May of 2004. In each stage, we tested three experiment group P1, P2 and total nitrogen of P3 except that the rate is 37±20%, 50±11% respectively and -6.1±37.8%. The removal efficiencies of ammonia nitrogen were estimated equal to 84±11%, 94±4% and 60±24% respectively. For total phosphorus and phosphate, P1 , P2 and P3 system were measured equal to 37±14%, 68±16% and 77±16%and 44±16%, 75±8% and 80±17% respectively . The ammonia nitrogen temperature correction coefficient (θ value) were calculated to be 0.921, 0.949, 0.926, 1.043 and 0.785 for P1, P2, P3, U1 and U2 system, respectively. The phosphate temperature correction coefficients (θ values ) were measured to be 1.006, 0.981, 1.070, 1.235 and 0.843 respectively for P1, P2, P3, U1 and U2 system. In order to increase the removal efficiencies of total nitrogen, it was always by adding carbon source. The experimental result showed, that it is add carbon source wait by system to SSF , its President nitrogen is it flow water pollution load leave 2g/m2/day nearly to put to have, and has not added water pollution load has flowed in the putting of the carbon source nearly has 6g/m2/day left, And nearly remain under 1g/m2/day in the putting and flowing water pollution load of TON, and not added the putting of the carbon source water pollution load has flowed nearly has 2-3g/m2/day left. This result showed that high total nitrogen removal efficiencies were by adding carbon source.
中文摘要 I
Abstract II
第一章 前言 1-1
1-1 研究動機 1-1
1-2 研究目的及方向 1-2
第二章 文獻回顧 2-1
2-1 濕地定義與功能 2-1
2-1.1濕地的起源 2-1
2-1.2濕地的定義 2-1
2-1.3濕地的功能 2-5
2-2 濕地的種類與組成 2-10
2-2.1 濕地的種類 2-10
2-2.2濕地的組成 2-10
2-3濕地水生植物的功能 2-18
2-3.1 產生氧分子 2-18
2-3.2 植物根莖葉之組織提供大量之表面積微生物 2-19
2-3.3 氮、磷及重金屬的攝取 2-20
2-3.4 產生有機碳 2-21
2-3.5 遮光作用 2-21
2-3.6 增進過濾及沉降作用 2-22
2-4 人工濕地去除污染物之傳輸轉換機制 2-22
2-4.1 有機物與懸浮固體物 2-26
2-4.2 氮的循環 2-28
2-4.3 磷的循環 2-35
2-5人工濕地處理系統 2-36
2-5.1 人工濕地的種類 2-36
2-5.2 人工濕地的優缺點 2-41
第三章 研究設備與方法 3-1
3-1 概述 3-1
3-2 人工濕地處理系統之建立 3-1
3-2.1 進流水貯存槽 3-2
3-2.2 進出流管線 3-2
3-2.3 控制水位之水箱 3-2
3-2.4 自由表面流動式人工濕地系統(Free Water Surface System, FWS) 3-6
3-2.5 表面下流動式人工濕地系統(Subsurface Flow, SSF) 3-6
3-2.6 不種植物之控制濕地系統(Control Experiment, CE) 3-7
3-2.7 各系統之配置 3-7
3-3 廢水種類 3-13
3-3.1 垃圾滲出水原水 3-13
3-3.2 經垃圾掩埋場二級處理之二級放流水 3-13
3-4 植物種類 3-14
3-4.1 蘆葦 3-14
3-4.2 香蒲 3-14
3-4.3 萬年青 3-15
3-5 系統之操作方式 3-16
3-6 系統之操作條件 3-17
3-7 採樣與分析 3-19
3-7.1 採樣與監測 3-19
3-7.2 分析儀器及設備 3-20
3-7.3 水樣保存 3-21
3-7.4 分析方法 3-22
第四章 結果與討論 4-1
4-1 現場監測 4-1
4-1.1 原垃圾滲出水(原廢水) 4-1
4-1.2 第一階段之二級放流水(二級水) 4-13
4-2 第一階段不同曝氣時期之營養鹽之差異 4-17
4-2.1 原垃圾滲出水氮化物之差異性 4-17
4-2.2 二級放流水氮化物之差異性 4-18
4-3 水質變化及去除效率 4-19
4-3.1 第一階段之原垃圾滲出水(原廢水) 4-20
4-3.2 第一階段之二級放流水(二級水) 4-35
4-4去除速率 4-43
4-4.1 第一階段之去除速率 4-44
4-4.2 第二階段去除速率 4-52
4-5 第一階段溫度校正係數及去除反應速率 4-55
4-5.1總氮之溫度校正係數 4-56
4-5.2 氨氮之溫度校正係數 4-61
4-5.3 總磷之溫度校正係數 4-64
4-5.4磷酸鹽之溫度校正係數 4-67
4-6 第二階段加蓋與未加蓋空白之差異性 4-71
4-7 土壤及廢水中重金屬之差異性 4-71
第五章 結論與建議 5-1
5-1 結論 5-1
5-2 建議 5-3
參考文獻 6-1
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