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研究生:孫育智
研究生(外文):Yu-chih Sun
論文名稱:青少年的依附品質、情緒智力與適應之關係
論文名稱(外文):The Relationships among Adolescents'' Quality of Attachment, Emotional Intelligence, and Adjustment
指導教授:葉玉珠葉玉珠引用關係
指導教授(外文):Yu-chu Yeh
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中山大學
系所名稱:教育研究所
學門:教育學門
學類:綜合教育學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2004
畢業學年度:92
語文別:中文
論文頁數:278
中文關鍵詞:國民中學青少年依附適應情緒智力學校適應家庭適應
外文關鍵詞:adolescentadjustmentjunior high schoolattachmentschool adjustmentfamily adjustmentemotional intelligence
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:289
  • 點閱點閱:4097
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:608
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:38
本研究旨在探討青少年的依附品質、情緒智力與適應之關係。有效樣本來自高雄市11所國民中學的二年級學生,共計997人。本研究採用問卷調查法進行資料的蒐集,所使用的研究工具包括編譯的「父母與同儕依附量表」(IPPA)、自編的「青少年情緒智力量表」及自編的「青少年適應量表」。調查所得的資料分別以描述統計、單因子多變量變異數分析、典型相關、區別分析等統計方法進行分析。本研究的主要發現如下:
1.青少年的性別與其適應情形沒有關聯。
2.青少年的出生序與其適應情形沒有關聯。
3.青少年的社經地位與其家庭適應沒有關聯,但與其學校適應有關,惟關聯不大;中社經地位者及高社經地位者在學校適應上均顯著優於低社經地位者。
4.青少年的依附品質與其適應情形有正相關;其中以「母親依附」與適應的關聯最大。
5.青少年的情緒智力與其適應情形有正相關;其中以「自我激勵」與適應的關聯最大。
6.青少年的依附品質及情緒智力能夠聯合預測其適應情形。在家庭適應方面,以「母親依附」的預測力最大;在學校適應方面,以情緒智力的預測力最大;在整體適應方面,以「母親依附」的預測力最大。
最後,本研究依據上述的研究結果進行討論,並提出相關建議,以供親職教育、諮商輔導、教學及後續研究之參考。
The main purpose of this study was to explore the relationships among adolescents'' quality of attachment, emotional intelligence, and adjustment. The participants were 997 eighth-grade students from 11 junior high schools in Kaohsiung, Taiwan. The data were collected by means of questionnaires, and the employed instruments comprised Inventory of Parent and Peer Attachment (Chinese version), Inventory of Adolescent Emotional Intelligence, and Inventory of Adolescent Adjustment. The applied analysis methods included descriptive statistics, one-way MANOVA, canonical correlation, and discriminant analysis. The main findings in this study were as follows:
1.The adolescents'' gender was not related to their adjustment.
2.The adolescents'' birth order was not related to their adjustment.
3.The adolescents'' socioeconomic status (SES) was not related to their family adjustment, but it was related to their school adjustment though the correlation was weak; moreover, both the mid-SES and the high-SES adolescents outperformed the low-SES ones in school adjustment.
4.The adolescents'' quality of attachment was positively related to their adjustment, and their attachment toward mother had the strongest relation to their adjustment.
5.The adolescents'' emotional intelligence was positively related to their adjustment; more specifically, "motivating oneself" and adjustment had the highest correlation.
6.The quality of attachment and emotional intelligence could jointly predict the adolescents'' adjustment. While "mother attachment" was the best predictor to the adolescents'' family adjustment, emotional intelligence was the best predictor to their school adjustment. "Mother attachment" was the best predictor to the adolescents'' adjustment as a whole.
Finally, after discussion, some suggestions were proposed for parents, teachers, educational authorities, and further studies.
第一章 緒論 1
第一節 研究動機 1
第二節 研究目的與待答問題 4
第三節 名詞及變項釋義 5
第二章 文獻探討 9
第一節 適應 9
第二節 依附 34
第三節 情緒智力 58
第四節 研究假設 79
第三章 研究方法 83
第一節 研究架構 83
第二節 研究對象與取樣方法 85
第三節 研究工具 86
第四節 實施程序 99
第五節 資料分析 101
第六節 研究限制 104
第四章 研究結果 107
第一節 施測樣本之概況 107
第二節 人口變項與適應之關係 115
第三節 依附品質與適應之關係 135
第四節 情緒智力與適應之關係 145
第五節 依附品質及情緒智力對適應之聯合預測力 157
第五章 討論、結論與建議 167
第一節 討論 167
第二節 結論 190
第三節 建議 194
參考書目 203
一、中文部份 203
二、英文部份 209
附錄 223
附錄一 編譯修訂IPPA之原編製者同意函 223
附錄二 預試問卷 225
附錄三 「父母與同儕依附量表」之發展 235
附錄四 「青少年情緒智力量表」之發展 249
附錄五 「青少年適應量表」之發展 255
附錄六 正式問卷 263
附錄七 正式問卷的施測程序與注意事項 273
附錄八 本研究所有變項之相關係數矩陣 275
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