跳到主要內容

臺灣博碩士論文加值系統

(3.229.142.104) 您好!臺灣時間:2021/07/28 11:50
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果 :::

詳目顯示

: 
twitterline
研究生:陳韻竹
研究生(外文):Yun-chu Chen
論文名稱:美國學區接管機制之分析研究
論文名稱(外文):A Study of School-District Takeover in the United States
指導教授:蔡清華蔡清華引用關係
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中山大學
系所名稱:教育研究所
學門:教育學門
學類:綜合教育學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2004
畢業學年度:92
語文別:中文
論文頁數:224
中文關鍵詞:接管機制績效責任教育權限
外文關鍵詞:educational authoritiestakeoveraccountability
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:10
  • 點閱點閱:260
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:52
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:1
本研究之主要目的有三:一在探討影響美國各級教育行政權限的法案內容;二在瞭解美國各州實施接管機制的原因、法源依據、內涵以及成效;三在比較美國各州實施接管機制之異同。
在研究對象上,由於實施接管機制的地方學區眾多,研究者僅選取帕特森學區、福洛德郡學區、芝加哥學區以及波士頓學區等四個學區為研究對象;各地方學區皆以改革原因、法源依據、實施內涵與實施成效為探討內容。
在研究方法上,主要採用貝瑞岱之比較研究模式,首先針對研究對象進行描述與解釋,再找出「實施接管機制的原因」、「接管單位」、「學區教育委員會之運作」、「實施接管之教育改革重點」、「學區績效評估項目」、「學區接管後之績效」等六個比較點,加以並列,進而提出四項研究假設:
一、地方學區實施接管機制後,其學生學習情形有所改善。
二、接管機制的發生係採「由上而下」的變革策略。
三、各地方學區的教育改革重點大同小異,係受到美國整體教育發展趨勢的影響。
四、外在環境的轉變導致市長接管機制日漸盛行。
根據上述四項研究假設以進行比較分析,得到以下五項主要結論:
一、影響教育權限之法案內容大多著重於績效責任。
二、接管機制係為因應時代變遷的產物。
三、接管機制之實施遵循一套嚴謹的程序。
四、接管機制為地方學區全面性改革的措施。
五、接管機制之實施對學生學業成績與高中畢業率有其成效。
最後,研究者根據上述五項研究結論,分別向教育行政機關、學校經營與後續研究提出多項建議。
The study was designed to achieve three goals: the first was to discuss the contents of acts relating to the legal powers of local education authorities in the United States. Second goal was to explore the background, contents, and the effects of the takeover acts. Finally, to compare the takeover strategies adopted by four school districts.
In order to achieve the above aims, the researcher adopted Bereday’s comparative studies as the major research method. Firstly, to describe and explain the development of takeover practices happened in Paterson School District, Floyd County School District, Chicago Public Schools and Boston Public Schools. Secondly, the researcher proposed four tentative conclusions:
1.After takeover was practiced, the school district’s student’s grade, graduating rate and dropout rate have been improved.
2.Takeover is a top-down strategy for change.
3.The focus of change in each school district was almost the same, which might be deemed as the effect of main trend of educational development in the United States.
4.Because the atmosphere changes, mayoral takeover is getting popular.
To support the four hypotheses above, the researcher concluded the following five findings:
1.The contents of educational reform act are highly related to the idea of accountability.
2.The idea of takeover is the product of changing time.
3.There is a thoughtful process of takeover strategies.
4.Takeover is a comprehensive scale of reform at the level of school districts.
5.After being took over, the district’s student’s grade and graduating rate have been on the rise.
Finally, suggestions were proposed to the education authorities, schools and for future research.
目 錄
第一章 緒論….………………………………………….………1
第一節 研究動機與研究問題……………………….…………….………..1
第二節 研究範圍與名詞釋義………………………….………….………..4
第三節 研究方法與步驟…………………………….………….……….….7
第四節 研究限制……………………………………….………………….10
第二章 影響美國教育行政權限的重要法案…....……………11
第一節 美國聯邦憲法………………………………….…………….……11
第二節 初等及中等教育法案……………………….…………………….14
第三節 目標兩千年教育法案……………………….………………… …22
第三章 美國公立中小學教育接管機制的基本概念與相關研
究…………………………………….….……………..27
第一節 接管機制的改革背景………………………….…………………27
第二節 接管機制的原因與內涵……………………….…………………30
第三節 接管機制的相關研究…………………………..…...……………37
第四章 美國各州實施接管機制的內容(一)……………..45
第一節 帕特森學區……………………………………………………….45
第二節 福洛德郡學區…………………………………………………….67
第五章 美國各州實施接管機制的內容(二)……………..85
第一節 芝加哥學區………………………………………………………85
第二節 波士頓學區……………………………………………………..111
第六章 美國學區接管機制之比較研究……………………133
第一節 美國各州實施接管機制內涵之並列………………………….133
第二節 研究假設……………………………………………………….142
第三節 比較分析……………………………………………………….142
第七章 結論與建議…………………………………………169
第一節 結論…………………………………………………………….169
第二節 建議…………………………………………………………….175
參考文獻………………………………………….………...…..180
一、 中文部分…………………………………………….….…..……….180
二、 英文部分…………………………………………….….…..……….183
附錄………………………………………………….…..……...199
附錄一 致美國地方教育行政機關與學者信函……….….….……….199
附錄二 回函………………………..………………………….……….201
參考文獻
一、中文部份
丁志權(2003)。我國教育制度。在王家通主編,各國教育制度(頁01-70)。台北市:師大書苑。
日美教育協同研究之日方研究團(1987)。美國教育改革:日方研究報告(徐南號譯)。台北市:教育部教育研究委員會。
史慶璞(2001)。美國憲法與政府權力。台北市:三民。
行政院教育改革審議委員會(1996)。教育改革總諮議報告書。未出版。
吳清山(1996)。教育改革與教育發展。台北市:心理。
吳清山(1997)。有效能學校之特徵、發展和研究方法。有效能的學校(頁1-16)。台北市:國立教育資料館。
吳清山、林天佑(2001)。教育名詞:學校效能。教育研究月刊,83,138-139。
吳清山、黃美芳、徐緯平(2002)。教育績效責任研究。台北市:高等教育。
沈姍姍(2000)。國際比較教育學(黃政傑主編)。台北市:正中。
邱兆偉(1997a)。美國教育改革研究。台北市:師大書苑。
邱兆偉(1997b)。美國「國家教育目標」經緯與國內教育改革目標檢討。比較教育通訊,43,01-25。
施吟詹(1999)。州績效責任面面觀。美國教育新知選輯,4,13-22。
洪郵生、宋文偉(1996)。美國簡史。台北市:書林。
美國資訊網(2002a)。The Bill of Rights權利法案。上網日期:2003年10月30日。網址:http://usinfo.org/chinese_cd/living_doc/BIG5/billrights.htm
美國資訊網(2002b)。憲法的基本原則。上網日期:2003年10月30日。網址: http://usinfo.org/chinese_cd/AmGovIntro/BIG5/ch03.htm#Ch03_02
秦夢群(2001)。全球化的教育改革-美國1990年代後之教育改革及對我國之啓示?教育資料與研究,43,1-8。
荊知仁(1984)。美國憲法與憲政。台北市:三民。
高新建(1997)。美國的「國家教育目標」及學科標準的訂定與解讀及其啓示。教育資料與研究,17,43-50。
張煌熙(1999)。九十年代美國聯邦的教育改革。在黃政傑主編,各國教育改革動向(頁01-20)。台北市:師大書苑。
張德銳(1999)。美國教育改革中的重建學校運動。在黃政傑主編,各國教育改革動向(頁47-76)。台北市:師大書苑。
教育基本法(1999)。
陳明印(2002)。美國2001年初等及中等教育修正法案之分析。教育研究資訊,10(1),205-228。
陳俊生、林新發(2003)。學校本位管理及其實施成效評析。國立台北師範學院學報,16(1),379-412。
陳淑美(2001)。布希總統的教育績效政策能解決美國的中小學之教育問題嗎?文教新潮,6(1),14-17。
陳照明(1999)。實用目標管理。台北縣:世茂。
陳麗珠(2000)。美國教育財政改革。台北市:五南。
陸潤康(1984)。美國聯邦憲法論。台北市:文笙書局。
傅崑成、黃寶松、方旗、簡博誼、李森益、謝其偉等(1991)。美國憲法逐條釋義。台北市:三民。
單文經(1999)。美國教育改革中州的作法與地方學區的因應。在黃政傑主編,各國教育改革動向(頁21-45)。台北市:師大書苑。
單文經、黃嘉莉、林威志、張民杰(1999)。都會地區學校管理改革的經驗-以香港、芝加哥、台北、新竹為例。教育行政論壇第四次研討會會議手冊,91-117。
曾進(2003)。既窮且老!美國嬰兒潮一代遭遇尷尬。華盛頓觀察週刊,22。上網日期:2004,04,15。網址:http://www.washingtonobserver.org/big5/SocCul-babyboomer-061103CN38.cfm
黃嘉雄(1998)。析評芝加哥學校再造政策。國民教育,39(2),19-26。
黃嘉雄(1998)。析評芝加哥學校再造政策。國民教育,39(2),19-26。
黃嘉雄(1999)。芝加哥與肯塔基學校本位管理模式之比較研究。國立臺北師範學院學報,12,197-224。
黃嘉雄(2001)。學校本位管理制度比較研究。台北市:五南。
黃藿(2002)。英國工黨政府的教改回顧與前瞻。在中華民國比較教育學會主編,新世紀的教育遠景(頁347-378)。台北市:學富文化。
廖仁智(2001)。美國芝加哥教育改革模式發展的現況與問題-學校本位管理成功案例的分析與啓示。教育研究資訊雙月刊,9(5),17-38。
廖天美(1992)。美國憲法釋義。台北市:結構群文化。(翻譯自Corwin, E. S. & Peltason, J. W., 1979, Understanding the Constitution.)。
劉慶仁(1999)。中小學教育改革的趨勢-從學童教育卓越法談起。美國教育新知選輯,3,51-58。
劉慶仁(2000)。美國教育部施政藍圖(2001-2005)。美國教育新知選輯,7,1-8。
劉慶仁(2002)。美國學校本位管理的研究與措施。教育部國際文教處。上網日期:2003,10,16。教育論文全文索引資料庫。
蔡清華(2003)。美國教育制度。在王家通主編,各國教育制度(頁263-302)。台北市:師大書苑。
謝文全(2001)。比較教育行政(第二版)。台北市:五南。
謝瑞智(1996)。教育法學(增訂版)。台北市:文笙書局。
韓啓賢(2003,8月4日)。教育部預定九月敲定十二年國教實施時間表。中廣新聞網。上網日期:2003年09月02日。網址:http://content.sina.com/news/78/90/4789018_1_b5.html
二、英文部分
Anderson, A. B. & Lewis, A. C. (1997). Academic bankruptcy. Policy brief. (ERIC Document Reproduction Service No. ED421764).
Archer, J. (1996). Boston plan targets principals and curriculum. Retrieved February 17, from http://www.edweek.org/ew/ew_printstory.cfm?slug=26bost.h15
Baker, B. D. (2002). Policy options brief: Paterson, New Jersey public schools. Retreived March 03, 2004, from http://www.ukans.edu/~bdbaker/gifted/POB.PDF
Bianchetti, A (n.d.). Academy of performing arts middle school Paterson NJ. Retrieved December 18, 2003, from http://www.middleweb.com/mw/msdiaries/02-03wklydiaries/Abbckgrd.html
Blum, J. (2004). Mayor’s plan for schools in doubt: Council majority opposes takeovr despite lobbying. Retrieved April 12, 2004, from http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/articles/A2378-2004Apr10.html?referrer=email
Boston Public Schools. (1998). Bylaws. Retrieved March 16, 2004, from http://www.boston.k12.ma.us/schcom/bylaws.asp
Boston Public Schools. (1999). The Boston story: Making a difference for children and youth. Retrieved February 18, 2004, from http://boston.k12.ma.us/bps/bstory.asp
Boston Public Schools. (n.d.a). Major education initiatives and achievements: 2000-2001. Retrieved February 18, 2004, from http://boston.k12.ma.us/bps/highlights.asp
Boston Public Schools. (n.d.b). School committee members nomination and appointment procedure. Retrieved February 18, 2004, from http://boston.k12.ma.us/schcom/apptproc.asp
Boston Public Schools. (n.d.c). Citywide learning standards: Executive summary. Retrieved March 18, 2004, from http://www.boston.k12.ma.us/teach/standards.asp
Boston School Committee. (2001). Focus on children II: Boston’s education reform plan 2001-2006. Retrieved February 18, 2004, from http://boston.k12.ma.us/teach/FocusOnChildrenII.doc
Bowers, B. C. (1989). State-enforced accountability of local school districts. ERIC Digest Series Number EA 36. Retrieved March 12, 2003, from http://web6.epnet.com/citation.asp?tb=1&_ug=dbs+7+1n+en%2Dus+sid+B3EDBA2E%2E%2D22
Bradley, A. (1995a). Inspector’s report blasts Chicago district’s ‘lack of accountability’. Retrieved February 12, 2004, from http://www.edweek.org/ew/ew_printstory.cfm?slug=16chic.h14
Bradley, A. (1995b). Daley names team in takeover of Chicago schools. Retrieved January 01, 2004, from http://www.edweek.org/ew/ewstory.cfm?slug=40
Bushweller, K. (1998). Counterpoint:A different view of paterson. The American School Board Journal,185(8), 21.
Caldwell, P. (1982). Inequities seen persisting five years after reform in N.J.. Retrieved February 04, 2004, from http://www.edweek.org/ew/ewstory.cfm?slug=02190039.h01
Catalyst. (1995, November). In Chicago board asserts new power over schools. Retrieved December 28, 2002, from http://www.catalyst-chicago.org/11-95/115acct.htm
Catalyst. (1997, September). Law, policy changes dilute LSC power. Retrieved January 07, 2003, from http://www.catalyst-chicago.org/09-97/097law.htm
Catalyst. (2001, July). Comings and goings. Retrieved March 12, 2004, from http://www.catalyst-chicago.org/07-01/0701c&g.htm
Chi, K. S. (1995). Kentucky Education Reform Act(KERA). Retrieved July 15, 2003, from http://stars.csg.org/innovations_awards/1993_kentucky.pdf
Chicago Public Schools policy manual: Policy on school intervention. (2002, October 23). Retrieved February 13, 2004, from http://policy.cps.k12.il.us/documents/302.5pdf
Chicago Public Schools. (2002a). Over a decade of education reform: What Chicago schools have accomplished so far. Retrieved February 12, 2004, from http://www.edplan.cps.k12.il.us/pdfs/education_reform.pdf
Chicago Public Schools. (2002b). Every child, every school: An education plan for the Chicago Public Schools. Retrieved March 12, 2004, from http://edplan.cps.k12.il.us/pdfs/cps_education_plan.pdf
Chicago Public Schools. (2003a). Applauding our accomplishments while recognizing new challenges. Retrieved February 13, 2004, from http://edplan.cps.k12.il.us/challenges.html
Chicago Public Schools. (2003b). Iowa tests of basic skills citywide results over time-1997 to 2003. Retrieved April 30, 2004, from http://research.cps.k12.il.us/resweb/SiteServlet?page=citywide
Chicago Public Schools. (2004). High school one year dropout data by year and school (1995-2003). Retrieved May 13, 2004, from http://research.cps.k12.il.us/resweb/SiteServlet?page=download
Cibulka, J. G., Reed, R. J., & Wong, K. K. (1992). The politics of urban education in the United States: Introduction and overview. In J. G. Cibulka, R. J. Reed, & K. K. Wong (Eds.), The politics of urban education in the United States (pp 1-2). Washington D. C. : The Falmer Press.
Clinton, W. J. (1999). Extract from President Clinton’s state of the union address made on January 19, 1999 on accountability in education. Retrieved November 03, 2003, from http://www.ugc.edu.hk/english/documents/speeches/clintonx.html
Committee meeting of Joint Committee on the public schools. (1997, February 20). Retreived March 03, 2004, from http://www.njleg.state.nj.us/legislativepub/pubhear/022097td.htm
Commonwealth of Massachusetts Board of Education: Regular meeting. (2002, March 26). Retrieved January 13, 2004, from http://www.doe.mass.edu/boe/minutes/02/0326reg.doc
Consortium for Policy Research in Education. (1992). Ten lessons about regulation and schooling. (ERIC Document Reproduction Service No. ED348729).
Consortium on Chicago School Research. (n.d.). Brief history of Chicago school reform. Retrieved February 12, 2004, from http://www.consortium-chicago.org/aboutus/ui002.html
Cooperman, S. (1989). Intervention in deficient school districts: Re-establishing effective local control. (ERIC Document Reproduction Service No. ED306661).
Diegmueller, K. (1994). Progress, problems outlined in state-run N.J. district. Retrieved February 04, 2004, from http://www.edweek.org/ew/ew_printstory.cfm?slug=11nj.h14
Dolan, M. (1992). State takeover of a local district in New Jersey: A case study. (ERIC Document Reproduction Service No. ED345370).
Duffy, M. C., (2001). America’s reform inferno: The nine layers of accountability. (ERIC Document Reproduction Service No. ED453245).
Eason-Watkins, B. J. (2001). New and old faces on Duncan’s team. Retrieved March 12, 2004, from http://www.catalyst-chicago.org/09-01/0901duncan_teamPrint.htm
Education Week. (1991, April 24). Excerpt from Bush administration’s plan to revamp schools. Retrieved November 18, 2003, from http://www.edweek.org/ew/ewstory.cfm?slug=10250018.h10&keywords=america%202000%3A%20an%20education%20strategy
Education Week. (1997, October 15). New in brief: A national roundup. Retrieved February 22, 2004, from http://www.edweek.org/ew/ewstory.cfm?slug=07briefs.h17
Education Week. (1997, October 29). New in brief: A national roundup. Retrieved February 21, 2004, from http://www.edweek.org/ew/ewstory.cfm?slug=09briefs.h17
Education Week. (2001, February 21). New in brief: A state capitals roundup. Retrieved February 24, 2004, from http://www.edweek.org/ew/ewstory.cfm?slug=23cpas.h20
Education Week. (2003, August 06a). No Child Left Behind. Retrieved August 17, 2003, from http://www.edweek.org/context/topics/issuespage.cfm?id=59
Education Week. (2003, August 06b). Low-performing schools. Retrieved August 07, 2003, from http://www.edweek.org/context/topics/issuespage.cfm?id=116
Elmore, R. F., Abelmann, C. H., Fuhrman, S. H. (1996). The new accountability in state education reform: From process to performance. Retrieved December 09, 2003, from http://www.wested.org/pub/docs/261
Floyd County Board of Education. (2000). Floyd County online manual. Retrieved April 16, 2004, from http://policy.ksba.org/f04/
Floyd County Schools. (2002). District consolidated plan and funding application 2002-2003. Retrieved March 18, 2004, from http://www.floyd.k12.ky.us/cp.html
Forster, E. M. (1996). State intervention in local school districts: Educational solution or political process. (ERIC Document Reproduction Service No. ED410677).
Forte, L. (1995). School ‘crisis’ policy sparks debate. Retrieved February 13, 2004, from http://www.catalyst-chicago.org/11-95/115crisis.htm
Forte, L. (1996). Inspector general cites $19 million ‘loss’. Retrieved February 13, 2004, from http://www.catalyst-chicago.org/02-96/026upd83.htm
Foster, S. G. (1984). New Jersey appeals court orders new trial in school-finance case. Retrieved February 04, 2004, from http://www.edweek.org/ew/ew_printstory.cfm?slug=05470024.h03
Founding Legislation: Chapter 108. (1991). Retrieved February 18, 2004, from http://boston.k12.ma.us/schcom/ch108.asp
Fry, P., Fuhrman, S. H., & Elmore, R. F. (1992). Kentucky’s program for educationally deficient school districts: A case study. (ERIC Document Reproduction Service No. ED345367).
Fuhrman, S. H. & Elmore, R. F. (1992). Takeover and deregulation: Working models of new state and local regulatory relationships. (ERIC Document Reproduction Service No. ED345368)
Fuller, J. R. (2003). Chicago public schools aiming to send more kids to college. Retrieved March 12, 2004, from http://www.suntimes.com/output.education/cst-nws-advise18.html
Gewertzl, C. (2003). Valla’s big plans raise new hope for philadelphia. Retrieved January 01, 2004, from http://www.edweek.org/ew/ewstory.cfm?slug=36Philly.h22
Greiner, L. E. (1970). Patterns of organization change. In G. W. Dalton, P. R. Lawrence, & L. E. Greiner (Eds.), Organizational change and development(pp. 213-229). Homewood, ILL: Richard D. Irwin.
Guskey, T. R. (1990). Policy issues and options when states take over local school districts. (ERIC Document Reproduction Service No. ED320288).
Hassel, B. C. (2003). Chartering: A new approach for mayors seeking to improve public schools. Retrieved January 01, 2004, from http://www.ecs.org/clearinghouse/45/17/4517.htm
Hill, C. W. L., & Jones, G. R. (1995). Strategic management theory: An intergrated approach (3nd ed.). Boston, MA: Houghton Mifflin Co.
Hoyt, W. H. (n.d.). An evaluation of the Kentucky education reform Act. Retrieved February 21, 2004, from http://www.gatton.uky.edu/cber/pdf/edreform.pdf
Illinois State Board of Education. (2003). Response to the peer review visit of March 27, 2003. Retrieved April 28, 2004, from http://www.isbe.net/nclb/pdfs/account_workbook.pdf
Jacob, B. (2003). High stakes in Chicago. Retrieved February 11, 2004, from http://www.educationnext .org/20031/66.html
Joan, M. (1998). Can state intervention spur academic turnaround? Retrieved December 02, 2003, from http://www.wested.org/pub/docs/policy/intervention.htm
Kentucky Board of Education regular meeting: Summary minutes. (2003, August 06). Retrieved March 23, 2004, from http://www.education.ky.gov/NR
Kentucky Department of Education. (2001).Kentucky core content test, accountability cycle 2002 (1998-1999 to 2000-2001): School and district accountability results. Retrieved March 23, 2004, from http://www.education.ky.gov/NR/rdonlyres/
Kentucky Department of Education. (2002). Testing in Kentucky. Retrieved March 23, 2004, from http://www.education.ky.gov/NR/rdonlyres/
Kentucky Department of Education. (2003). 2003 CATS interpretive guide detailed information about how to use your score reports. Retrieved March 23, 2004, from http://www.education.ky.gov/NR/rdonlyres/
Kentucky Department of Education. (n.d.). District profile. Retrieved March 23, 2004, from http://www.dpmr.kde.state.ky.us/district%20profile/mainpage.cfm
Kirst, M. W. (2002). Mayoral influence, new regimes, and public school governance. Retrieved August 13, 2003, from http://www.ecs.org/
Kirst, M. W., & Bulkley, K. E. (2001). Mayoral takeover: The different directions taken in different cities. (ERIC Document Reproduction Service No. ED454340).
Kirst, M., & Bulkley, K. (2000). ‘New, improved’ mayors take over city schools. Retrieved March 21, 2003, from http://web13.epnet.com/citation.asp?tb=0&_ug=1n+en%2Dus+sid+24EE807A%2DD000%
Klonsky, M. (1995). GOP clears field, Daley runs with the ball. Retrieved January 01, 2004, from http://www.catalyst-chicago.org/09-95/095main.htm
Lashway, L. (2001). Incentives for accountability. Retrieved November 28, 2003, from http://eric.uoregon.edu/pdf/digests/digest152.pdf
Lenz, L. (1995). The new law. Retrieved February 12, 2004, from http://www.catalyst-chicago.org/09-95/095upd82.htm
Lenz, L. (1997). Punching up reform. Retrieved February 12, 2004, from http://www.catalyst-chicago.org/11-97/117punch.htm
Librera, W. (2002). State takeover report. Retrieved January 13, 2004, from http://www.state.nj.us/njded/schools/sosd/action.htm
Management improvement programs. (1996).
Massachusetts Department of Education. (1997). Education reform progress report 1993 – 1997. Retrieved February 18, 2004, from http://www.doe.mass.edu/edreform/edreformreport/erprogrpt597-1.html
Massachusetts Department of Education. (2002). Introducing the Massachusetts school and district accountability system “proficiency index”. Retrieved January 12, 2004, from http://www.doe.mass.edu/sda/pi/pi_info.pdf
Massachusetts Department of Education. (n.d.a). School and district accountability: accountability and targeted assistance. Retrieved January 12, 2004, from http://www.doe.mass.edu/sda/ata.html
Massachusetts Department of Education. (n.d.b). Proficiency index cycle II baseline 1998-2001. Retrieved February 18, 2004, from http://www.doe.mass.edu/sda/pi/bpi_boston.pdf
Massachusetts Education Reform Act. (1993). Retrieved February 18, 2004, from http://www.state.ma.us/legis/laws/mgl/gl%2D71%2Dtoc.htm
Mathis, N. (1988). New Jersey aid system is flawed, judge finds. Retrieved February 04, 2004, from http://www.edweek.org/ew/ew_printstory.cfm?slug=08370053.h08
Murphy, J. & Beck, L. G. (1995). School-based management as school reform. Thousand Oaks, California: A Sage Publications Company.
Natale, J. A. (1994).In 20 states, a takeover is “the ultimate audit”. The American School Board Journal, 181(12), 26.
New Jersey Department of Edcuation. (2004). NJ quality single accountability continuum. Retrieved March 29, 2004, from http://www.state.nj.us/njded/genfo/qsac/njqsac.pdf
New Jersey Department of Education. (2001). Paterson & Newark school construction plans approved-four other abbott districts receive approvals. Retrieved March 03, 2004, from http://www.state.nj.us/njded/news/2001/0206con.htm
New Jersey Department of Education. (n.d.a). Historical context: Overview of New Jersey’s statewide testing program. Retrieved March 04, 2004, from http://www.state.nj.us/njded/assessment/history.shtml
New Jersey Department of Education. (n.d.b). Organization overview. Retrieved March 03, 2004, from http://www.state.nj.us/njded/genfo/overview/org_ai.htm
New Jersey State Board of Education. (2003). Strategic plan for improvement in public education in the state of New Jersey. Retrieved March 03, 2004, from http://www.state.nj.us/njded/strategic/plan.pdf
New Jersey State Constitution. (1947). Retrieved February 06, 2004, from http://www.njleg.state.nj.us/lawsconstitution/constitution.asp
Newmann, F. M., King, M. B., & Rigdon, M. (1997). Accountability and school performance: Implications from restructuring schools. Retrieved December 09, 2003, from http://www.wested.org/pub/docs/261
Office of Washington Superintendent of Public Instruction (2003, May 01). The elementary and secondary education act in Washington. Retrieved October 31, 2003, from http://www.k12.wa.us/esea/template.aspx#title
Olason, L. (1993). From risk to reform: Kentucky moves to enact reform plan. Retrieved February 22, 2004, from http://www.edweek.com/ew/ew_printstory.cfm?slug=30ky.h12
Olson, K. W., Gray, W., & Hofstadter, R. (1981). An outline of American history. Washington D. C. : United States Information Service.
Ortiz, M. G. (2001). Intervention retooled for 2nd year. Retrieved March 12, 2004, from http://www.catalyst-chicago.org/09-01/0901intervention.htm
Pancrazio, S. B. (1992). State takeovers and other last resorts. In P. F. First, & H. J. Walberg (Eds.), School boards: Changing local control (chap. 5, pp. 71-87). Berkeley: McCutchan.
Paterson Public Schools 1997-98 annual report. (1998). Retreived March 05, 2004, from http://www.state.nj.us/njded/schools/sosd/arpaterson.pdf
Paterson Public Schools 1998-99 annual report. (1999). Retreived March 05, 2004, from http://www.state.nj.us/njded/schools/sosd/arpaterson9899.pdf
Paterson Public Schools 1999-00 annual report. (2000). Retreived March 05, 2004, from http://www.state.nj.us/njded/schools/sosd/arpaterson9900.pdf
Paterson Public Schools 2000-01 annual report. (2001). Retreived March 05, 2004, from http://www.state.nj.us/njded/schools/sosd/arpaterson0001.pdf
Paterson Public Schools 2001-02 annual report. (2002). Retreived March 05, 2004, from http://www.state.nj.us/njded/schools/sosd/arpaterson0102.pdf
Paterson Public Schools’ strides strengths: A report of progress for the 95-96 school year. (1997). Retrieved March 04, 2004, from http://inet.paterson.k12.nj.us/~jserico/Annual/annual.html
Pflepsen, A. (1999). LSCs lose 182 members who didn’t complete training. Retrieved March 12, 2004, from http://catalyst-chicago.org/05-99/059upd85.htm
Reecer, M. (1988). Jersey city stands firm against charges of ‘academic bankruptcy’. The American School Board Journal, 175(11), 21-23.
Rettig, M. D. (1992). Policy adaptation and change: The case of the state takeover of the Jersey city public schools. (ERIC Document Reproduction Service No. ED347641).
Richardson, J. (1995). Payzant leaves U.S. Ed. Dept. to head Boston schools. Retrieved February 20, 2004, from http://www.edweek.org/ew/ewstory.cfm?slug=01boston.h15
Rothman, R. (1987a). Boston officials urge school overhaul. Retrieved March 18, 2004, from http://www.edweek.org/ew/ew_printstory.cfm?slug=3030bos.h06
Rothman, R. (1987b). Wilson unveils proposals to reform Boston schools. Retrieved March 18, 2004, from http://www.edweek.org/ew/ew_printstory.cfm?slug=3-34bos.h06
Rudo, Z. H. (2001). Corrective action in low-performing schools and school districts. (ERIC Document Reproduction Service No. ED459532).
Ryan, P. J. (n. d.). Lessons from a paradox: The call for ‘community’ and the resurrection of bureaucracy in Cleveland’s public schools during the late 1990s. Retrieved December 25, 2003, from http://www.educationnext.org/unabridged/20014/ryan.pdf
Schmidt, P. (1995). Payzant, alvarado candidates for top Boston job. Retrieved February 20, 2004, from http://www.edweek.org/ew/ewstory.cfm?slug=41boston.h14
Seder, R. C. (n. d.). Balancing accountability and local control: State intervention for financial and academic stability. Retrieved August 13, 2003, from http://www.ecs.org/html/offsite.asp?document
Sewall, A. M. (1996). New school governance: The school board and its future. (ERIC Document Reproduction Service No. ED403645).
Shipps, D. (2003). The businessman’s educator: Mayoral takeover and nontraditional leadership in Chicago. In L Cuban, & M. Usban (Eds.), Powerful reforms with shallow roots: Improving America’s urban schools (chap. 1, pp 16-37). New York: Teachers College.
Southwest Educational Development Laboratory (2000a). Public reporting. Retrieved December 01, 2003, from http://www.sedl.org/policy/insights/n11/4.html
Southwest Educational Development Laboratory (2000b). Tough love: state accountability policies push student achievement. Retrieved December 01, 2003, from http://www.sedl.org/policy/insights/n11/welcome.html
Southwest Educational Development Laboratory (2000c). Elements of state accountability systems. Retrieved December 01, 2003, from http://www.sedl.org/policy/insights/n11/1.html
Spring 2003 Kentucky Performance Report. (2004). Retreieved March 23, 2004, from http://app2.kde.state.ky.us/secure_cats_reports_03/index.cfm?action=display_cards
State of Wisconsin Department of Public Instruction (2003). NCLB title summaries. Retrieved November 10, 2003, from http://www.dpi.state.wi.us/dpi/esea/summaries.html
State Takeover Act. (1987). Retrieved February 20, 2004, from http://lis.njleg.state.nj.us
Suarez, T. M., Clark, D. L., Blount, J. M., Harris, T. P., Hausdorff, W. J., & Morton, S. M. (1991). The use of sanctions with low performing school districts. (ERIC Document Reproduction Service No. ED373411).
The Education Trust (2003). Elementary and secondary education act (ESEA). Retrieved October 30, 2003, from http://www2.edtrust.org/edtrust/ESEA
The National Association of State Boards of Education (1998, October). Public accountability for student success: Standards for education accountability systems. Retrieved January 15, 2004, from http://www.nasbe.org/Educational_Issues/Reports/PASS_Rpt.pdf
The New Jersey School Boards Association. (2002). Commissioner librera announces plan to return state-run districts to local control(2002, June 19). Retrieved January 15, 2004, from http://www.njsba.org/govrel/trenton_news/SB_highlights/June_19-2002.htm
The White House (2002, January). Fact sheet: No Child Left Behind Act. Retrieved October 31, 2003, from http://www.whitehouse.gov/news/releases/2002/01/print/20020108.html
U.S Department of Education (1999a). The Educational Excellence for All Children Act of 1999. Retrieved November 03, 2003, from http://www.ed.gov/MailingLists/EDInfo/Archive/msg00458.html
U.S Department of Education (1999b). Regarding the Educational Excellence for All Children Act of 1999. Retrieved November 03, 2003, from http://www.ed.gov/Speeches/05-1999/esea-stmt.html
U.S Department of Education (n.d.a). Goals 2000: Education America Act. Retrieved July 18, 2003, from http://www.ed.gov/legislation/GOALS2000/TheAct/
U.S Department of Education (n.d.b). Improving America’s Schools Act of 1994. Retrieved July 14, 2003, from http://www.ed.gov/legislation/ESEA/toc.html
Usban, M. & Cuban, L. (2003). Boston: The stars finally in alignment. In L Cuban, & M. Usban (Eds.), Powerful reforms with shallow roots: Improving America’s urban schools (chap. 2, pp 38-53). New York: Teachers College.
Viadero, D. (2002). Big-city mayor’s control of schools yields mixed results. Retrieved January 01, 2004, from http://www.edweek.org/ew/ewstory.cfm?slug=02research.h22
Walker, R. (1989b). 2 Kentucky districts deemed ‘deficient’, face state takeover. Retrieved February 22, 2004, from http://www.edweek.com/ew/ewstory.cfm?slug=08130030.h08
Weisman, J. (1991a). New Jersey officials seize control of ‘bankrupt’ paterson schools. Retrieved February 04, 2004, from http://www.edweek.org/ew/ew_ printstory.cfm?slug=01paters.h11
Weisman, J. (1991b). Citing ‘inept’ management, N.J. chief targets Paterson schools for takeover. Retrieved February 04, 2004, from http://www.edweek.org/ew/ew_ printstory.cfm?slug=10250038.h10
Weiss, S. & Ziebarth, T. (2001). School-based management: Rhetoric vs. reality. Education Commission of States, 2(5).
Wilson, L. S. (1994). Takeover:The Paterson story. The American School Board Journal, 181(12), 22-26.
Wong, K. K. & Shen, F. X. (2002a). Do school district takeovers work?. Retrieved November 27, 2003, from http://www.nasbe.org/Standard/9_Spring2002/Takeover.pdf
Wong, K. K. & Shen, F. X. (2002b). City and state takeover as a school reform strategy. Retrieved November 28, 2003, from http://www.ericfacility.net/databases/ERIC_Digests/ed467111.html
Wong, K. K. & Shen, F. X. (2003a). When mayors lead urban Schools: Toward developing a framework to assess the effects of mayoral takeover of urban districts. Retrieved February 09, 2004, from http://peabody.vanderbilt.edu/pcep/papers/wong2.pdf
Wong, K. K. (1992). The politics of urban education as a field of studey: an interpretive analysis. In J. G. Cibulka, R. J. Reed, & K. K. Wong (Eds.), The politics of urban education in the United States (pp 3-26). Washington D. C. : The Falmer Press.
Wong, K. K. (2003). The big stick. Retrieved February 09, 2004, from http://www.educationnext.org/20031/44.html
Wong, K. K., & Shen, F. X. (2003b). Big city mayors and school governance reform: The case of school district takeover. Retreieved March 05, 2004, from http://www.leaonline.com/doi/pdf/10.1207/s15327930PJE7801.2
Wong, K. K., Shen, F. X., Jain, P., & Novacek, G. (2000). City and state takeover as a school reform strategy. Retreieved November 28, 2003, from http://www.ericfacility.net/databases/ERIC_Digests/ed467111.html
Ziebarth, T. (1999). The changing landscape of education governance. Retrieved March 22, 2004, from http://www.ecs.org/clearinghouse/13/53/1353.htm
Ziebarth, T. (2002). State takeovers and reconstitutions. Retrieved August 03, 2003, from http://www.ecs.org/clearinghouse/13/59/1359.htm
QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top