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研究生:林玫彣
研究生(外文):Mei-Wen Lin
論文名稱:勞動的跨時替代效果與政策搭配:封閉總體模型的分析
論文名稱(外文):Intertemporal Substitution Effect of Labor and Policy Assignment: Analyze the Closed Macroeconomic Model
指導教授:張文雅張文雅引用關係
指導教授(外文):Wen-Ya Chang
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中山大學
系所名稱:經濟學研究所
學門:社會及行為科學學門
學類:經濟學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2004
畢業學年度:92
語文別:中文
論文頁數:49
中文關鍵詞:封閉總體模型勞動的跨時替代效果政策搭配政策目標政策工具
外文關鍵詞:closed macroeconomic modelpolicy targetpolicy instrumentintertemporal substitution effect of laborpolicy assignment
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本文有鑑於探討政策搭配的問題僅侷限於開放經濟的總體模型,鮮少文獻將焦點放在於封閉經濟的總體模型。就我們所知,Ramirez (1986)首先將政策搭配問題的討論應用到封閉經濟體系。但是Chang and Lai (1992)清楚的證明Ramirez (1986)無法做政策搭配,其挽救的方法是將政策工具引進總合供給函數,準此,本文所要探討的是,如果不將政策工具引入總合供給面,而是將體系內生性行為導入總合供給函數,這樣的修正是否也可以挽救Ramirez (1986)的缺失。因此,本文將實質景氣循環中勞動的跨時替代效果納入總合供給面,據以探討政策工具和政策目標之間的政策搭配關係,得到以下的結論:
當模型不含勞動的跨時替代效果時,即退化為Ramirez (1986)的模型,無法做政策搭配。當模型涵蓋勞動的跨時替代效果時,在政府支出和私人支出是互補的前提下,可以挽救Ramirez (1986)的缺失,並且可以做適當的政策搭配。
The presented thesis has closely examined the discussion on policy assignments that are restricted on an open macroeconomic model; very little reference has focused on a closed macroeconomic model. As we know, Ramirez (1986) is the first person who has applied policy assignment to a closed macroeconomic model. But Chang and Lai have clearly proved that Ramirez''''s model is not appropriate for policy assignment, and a way to redeem the problem is to introduce policy instrument to aggregate supply side. Also, this thesis is going to focus on, instead of introduced the policy instrument to aggregate supply side, use system endogenous on aggregate supply function. Could this kind of correction redeem the flaws made by Ramirez? Hence, this thesis would apply the reality intertemporal substitution effect of labor to subsume an aggregate supply side, then discuss the relationship on policy assignment that is between policy instrument and policy target that would derive the conclusion as below:
When a model does not include the intertemporal substitution effect of labor, it degrades to a Ramirez''''s model (1986) and cannot be used for policy assignment. On the other hand, a model including intertemporal substitution effect of labor remedies the flaws in Ramirez''''s model (1986) and can be used for appropriate policy assignment assuming that government spending is in complement with private spending.
第一章 緒論..................................1
1.1 研究動機與目的...........................1
1.2 本文架構.................................4
註 釋........................................6
第二章 模型建立..............................7
2.1 模型設定.................................7
2.2 推導總合供給函數.........................8
註 釋.......................................17
第三章 政策搭配.............................20
3.1 Ramirez (1986)模型的政策搭配............20
3.2 修正模型之政策搭配......................23
註 釋.......................................38
第四章 結論.................................39
附錄一......................................41
附錄二......................................44
參考文獻....................................47
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廖培賢(1998),『充分就業產出、國際收支平衡與政策搭配-Chen, Lai and Chang模型的一個應用』,《東海學報》,39卷(5),頁167-188。
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Ramirez, M. D. (1986), “ The Composition of Government Spending as an Additional Policy Instruments,” Journal of Economics and Business 38, pp. 215-225.
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