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研究生:蘇益慶
研究生(外文):Yih-ching Su
論文名稱:流量精細之影像壓縮技術及其於無線網際網路之強健式影像傳輸應用
論文名稱(外文):Fine Granularity Video Compression Technique and Its Application to Robust Video Transmission over Wireless Internet
指導教授:楊竹星楊竹星引用關係
指導教授(外文):Chu-Sing Yang
學位類別:博士
校院名稱:國立中山大學
系所名稱:資訊工程學系研究所
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2003
畢業學年度:92
語文別:英文
論文頁數:139
中文關鍵詞:強健式影像傳輸應用子波流量精細之影像壓縮運動預估嵌入式編碼器
外文關鍵詞:motion estimationGilbert ChannelMPEG-4FPGAFine Granularity ScalabilityForward Error Correctionembeded coderwavelet
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:1
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  • 下載下載:23
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本論文主要研究目標為(a)具備精細流量控制能力(Fine Granularity Scalability,FGS)之影像壓縮技術(b)前者於Burst-Error Channel(如無線網際網路)中作為強健式影像傳輸之應用。
首先,兩項於子波領域中進行運動預估之演算法,HMRME (Half-pixel Multi-Resolution Motion Estimation)及HSDD (Hierarchical Sum of Double Difference Metric)將被提出。整合HMRME或HSDD技術所構成具FGS能力之子波影像編碼器,分別額外具備低複雜度或高壓縮效能等特性。
其次,一種特別易於以VLSI技術實現之高效能嵌入式編碼器,ABEC (Array-Based Embedded Coder),會在本論文中被提及。ABEC嵌入式編碼器可將影像運動補償剩餘之殘量編碼成具備FGS特性之串流。
Gilbert Channel當其存在或不存在漏失率迴授路徑時,其各別之封包漏失預測機率會在接下來的章節中被仔細分析。同時FGS影像串流在Gilbert Channel中傳遞時之期望影像畫質評估公式也會被深入探討。針對FSG影像串流之若干最佳化之FEC累贅分配機制最終將被提出。
在前述相關理論研究成果之外,一個作為未來MPEG-4 FGS影像壓縮嵌入式系統發展基礎之FPGA雛形系統,亦將在本論文中被發表。
This dissertation deals with (a) fine granularity video compression technique and (b) its application to robust video transmission over wireless Internet. First, two wavelet-domain motion estimation algorithms, HMRME (Half-pixel Multi-Resolution Motion Estimation) and HSDD (Hierarchical Sum of Double Difference Metric), have been proposed to give wavelet-based FGS (Fine Granularity Scalability) video encoder with either low-complexity or high-performance features. Second, a VLSI-friendly high-performance embedded coder ABEC (Array-Based Embedded Coder) has been built to encode motion compensation residue as bitstream with fine granularity scalability. Third, the analysis of loss-rate prediction over Gilbert channel with loss-rate feedback, and several optimal FEC (Forward Error Correction) assignment schemes applicable for any real-time FGS video transmission system will be presented in this dissertation.
In addition to those theoretical works mentioned above, for future study on embedded systems for wireless FGS video transmission, an initiative FPGA-based MPEG-4 video encoder has also been implemented in this work.
LIST OF FIGURES III
LIST OF TABLES V
CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION 1
1.1 THE MERITS OF FGS VIDEO STREAMING 1
1.2 THE CONTRIBUTIONS OF THIS DISSERTATION 3
CHAPTER 2 BACKGROUND 7
2.1 WAVELET TRANSFORM AND ALIASING EFFECTS 7
2.2 MULTIRESOLUTION MOTION ESTIMATION AND ZEROTREE CODING 8
2.3 VLSI-FRIENDLY ARCHITECTURE FOR ZEROTREE CODING 9
2.4 GILBERT CHANNEL WITH LOSS-RATE FEEDBACK 10
2.5 OPTIMAL FEC ASSIGNMENT FOR SCALABLE VIDEO TRANSMISSION 12
2.6 HARDWARE IMPLEMENTATION OF MPEG-4 VIDEO ENCODER 13
CHAPTER 3 HALF-PIXEL MULTI-RESOLUTION MOTION ESTIMATION 14
3.1 INTRODUCTION 14
3.2 THE H-TRANSFORM 16
3.3 ALIASING 18
3.4 WAVELET DOMAIN MOTION ESTIMATION 21
3.5 HALF PIXEL INTERPOLATION ALGORITHM 22
3.6 EXPERIMENTAL RESULTS 26
CHAPTER 4 HIERARCHICAL SUM OF DOUBLE DIFFERENCE METRIC 28
4.1 INTRODUCTION 28
4.2 SAD METRIC 30
4.3 HSDD METRIC 31
4.4 EXPERIMENTAL RESULTS 36
CHAPTER 5 ARRAY-BASED EMBEDDED CODER 39
5.1 INTRODUCTION 39
5.2 PROGRESSIVE TRANSMISSION 41
5.3 HIERARCHICAL TREES 42
5.4 ABEC ALGORITHM 43
5.5 BIT BUDGET CONTROL 48
5.6 EXPERIMENTAL RESULTS 50
CHAPTER 6 GILBERT CHANNEL MODEL 52
6.1 INTRODUCTION 52
6.2 RENEWAL ERROR PROCESS 54
6.3 GILBERT-MODEL WITH LOSS RATE FEEDBACK 58
6.4 PERFORMANCE EVALUATION 62
CHAPTER 7 OPTIMAL FEC ASSIGNMENT FOR SCALABLE VIDEO TRANSMISSION 66
7.1 INTRODUCTION 66
7.2 PACKETIZATION SCHEME 68
7.3 OPTIMAL FEC ASSIGNMENT 71
7.4 EXPERIMENTAL RESULTS 78
CHAPTER 8 HARDWARE IMPLEMENTATION OF MPEG-4 VIDEO ENCODER 84
8.1 INTRODUCTION 84
8.2 DEVELOPMENT ENVIRONMENT 86
8.3 THE ARCHITECTURE 87
8.4 MOTION ESTIMATION 94
8.5 PREDICTION 100
8.6 DCT TRANSFORM 104
8.7 ENTROPY CODING 107
8.8 FGS ENHANCEMENT LAYER CODING 111
8.9 EXPERIMENTAL RESULTS 113
CHAPTER 9 SUMMARY AND RECOMMENDATIONS FOR FUTURE WORK 115
BIBLIOGRAPHY 118
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