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研究生:夏則智
研究生(外文):Tse-Chih Hsia
論文名稱:線上分析處理之彈性報表設計方法論
論文名稱(外文):A Methodology for Designing Flexible Report for On-Line Analytical Processing
指導教授:吳仁和吳仁和引用關係
指導教授(外文):Jen-Her Wu
學位類別:博士
校院名稱:國立中山大學
系所名稱:資訊管理學系研究所
學門:電算機學門
學類:電算機一般學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2004
畢業學年度:92
語文別:中文
論文頁數:120
中文關鍵詞:需求分析彈性報表線上分析處理
外文關鍵詞:Flexible ReportOn-Line Analytical ProcessingRequirement Analysis
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:6
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面對全球化與競爭日益激烈的經營環境,傳統的交易處理系統與管理資訊系統已無法滿足企業的需求,現代的管理者需要以各種不同的角度與分析方法剖析資料,以協助其瞭解目前企業營運狀況與制訂決策等相關管理活動。上述原因使得決策支援系統、高階主管資訊系統、資料倉儲與線上分析處理等資訊系統蓬勃發展。建構資料倉儲與線上分析處理是昂貴且高風險的,企業建置資料倉儲與線上分析處理失敗的主要原因之一發生在需求分析階段,亦即分析線上分析處理所需的維度與階層關係。當需求擷取不完整亦或是使用者需求改變時,系統開發者必須修改或重新建構維度與階層關係以滿足使用者需求,這對系統開發人員而言是極大的負擔。雖然許多線上分析處理軟體工具均具備彈性,讓使用者可以選擇預先定義之維度與階層關係以產生分析報表。然而,對於建立線上分析處理之彈性報表設計方法論仍是缺乏的。
有鑑於此,本論文提出線上分析處理之彈性報表設計方法論,此方法論將線上分析處理所需的維度與階層關係,以視覺化的報表樣版類型與報表樣版方式呈現,以幫助使用者建立分析報表。以此方法論建構之報表樣版類型與報表樣版除了包含線上分析處理所需的維度與階層關係之外亦具備彈性報表能力,使用者可以選擇適當的報表樣版類型與報表樣版彈性產出報表,以滿足其突發性之資訊需求。
Due to the increasing global competition in today’s business environment, current Transaction Processing Systems and Management Information Systems can no longer satisfy the enterprise’s needs. Mangers need to analyze data from different views to recognizing business status, making decisions, and setting up the policies. To support such works, many information systems and technologies are developed including Decision Support Systems, Executive Information Systems, data warehouses, and On-Line Analytical Processing (OLAP). The implementation of OLAP and data warehousing project are expensive and risky. The results of implementing OLAP and data warehousing in most of the organizations do not, however, always prove a success. The common problem occurs in the requirement analysis phase when analyzing the dimensions and hierarchical relationships for OLAP. The user requirement can not be defined completely and the developers often need to modify or reconstruct the dimensions and hierarchical relationships to meet the user’s changing needs. This is an enormous burden to the system developers. Although many tools with OLAP provide the flexibility for user creating analytical reports by using predefined dimensions and hierarchical relationships. However, a methodology for designing flexible report for OLAP to support ad hoc analysis is still lacking.
This study proposes a methodology that is developed for designing flexible report for OLAP, which presents the dimensions and hierarchical relationships by visualized meta-templates and templates to help users create analysis reports. The methodology provides the flexibility not only in representing dimensions and hierarchical relationships for OLAP, but also in producing flexible reports. With such flexibility, the users can create analytical reports to support ad hoc analysis by choosing appropriated meta-template and template easily.
第一章 緒論 1
第一節 研究背景與動機 1
第二節 研究目的 3
第三節 研究方法與流程 4
第四節 研究範圍與限制 5
第五節 論文架構 6
第六節 結語 7
第二章 文獻探討 8
第一節 資料倉儲 8
第二節 作業資料儲存庫 10
第三節 線上分析處理 11
第四節 報表特性 13
第五節 正規化及語意圖形 21
第六節 資訊系統架構 25
第七節 結語 26
第三章 彈性報表設計方法論:以報表為基礎的方法 27
第一節 報表的分解與合成程序 28
第二節 報表樣版設計 31
第三節 個案應用 37
第四節 結語 43
第四章 彈性報表設計方法論:以資料庫綱目為基礎的方法 44
第一節 關聯式資料庫語意圖形建構 45
第二節 報表樣版類型與維度設計 49
第三節 表頭項目結構與階層設計 52
第四節 結語 64
第五章 線上分析處理架構與個案應用 65
第一節 線上分析處理系統架構 65
第二節 進銷存管理系統個案應用 70
第三節 實例展示 85
第四節 結語 95
第六章 結論與討論 96
第一節 研究成果 96
第二節 研究貢獻 97
第三節 報表樣版與線上分析處理維度階層關係 98
第四節 後續研究方向 100
參考文獻 101
附錄:進銷存管理系統資料庫綱目 108
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