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研究生:李國筠
研究生(外文):Gwo-yun Lee
論文名稱:適用於無線通訊雙頻帶或多頻帶操作之新型平面天線設計
論文名稱(外文):NOVEL PLANAR ANTENNA DESIGNS FOR DUAL-BAND OR MULTI-BAND WIRELWSS COMMUNICATIONS
指導教授:翁金輅翁金輅引用關係
指導教授(外文):Kin-lu Wong
學位類別:博士
校院名稱:國立中山大學
系所名稱:電機工程學系研究所
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2004
畢業學年度:92
語文別:中文
論文頁數:80
中文關鍵詞:行動電話多頻帶雙頻帶單極天線倒F形平板天線
外文關鍵詞:Monopole antennaMobile phoneMulti-bandPIFA (Planar Inverted-F Antenna)Dual-band
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:1
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本論文針對無線通訊雙頻帶及多頻帶之倒F形及單極平板天線提出創新的設計,特別是針對手機與CF卡的應用。在手機天線的雙頻設計中,主要是利用一個或多個金屬帶激發出兩個共振模態,藉由調整金屬帶可使天線前兩個模態之頻率比為2,使其適用於900/1800 MHz的應用。此外,亦提出了應用於手機之寬頻與四頻天線設計。此寬頻天線並不像上述之雙頻天線設計操作在兩個分離的模態,而是較適用於同時涵蓋數個相鄰的通訊頻帶 (DCS/PCS/UMTS/WLAN 2.45 GHz),而四頻天線的設計中主要是利用π形匹配橋的設計,使低頻 (AMPS/GSM) 與高頻 (DCS/PCS) 的頻寬增加。而在CF卡的應用上,此三角形晶片天線其較短與較長金屬帶分別產生低頻與高頻之共振模態以涵蓋無線區域網路2.4 GHz和5.2/5.8 GHz的應用。以上之天線設計均適用於內藏式設計。
This paper proposes novel PIFA and monopole designs for dual-band or multi-band wireless communications, especially for mobile phones and CF (compact flash) card. The dual-frequency designs for mobile phone mainly utilize one or more metal branch strips to excite two resonant modes. By tuning the dimensions of branch strips, the ratio of the antenna’s first two resonant frequencies can be achieved to be about 2.0, which makes it very promising for 900/1800 MHz operations. In addition, the broadband and quad-band (AMPS/GSM/DCS/PCS) designs for mobile phone application are also proposed. The broadband antenna design, unlike the above-mentioned dual-frequency designs for operating at two separate resonant modes, is more suitable to cover several nearby communication bands (DCS/PCS/UMTS/WLAN 2.45 GHz). The quad-band antenna design utilizes a π-shape matching bridge to achieve a wider bandwidth both in lower and higher bands. For CF Card application, the triangular chip antenna having one longer and one shorter strip lines can generate the lower and higher modes covering the WLAN 2.4 and WLAN 5.2/5.8 GHz bands. All the antenna designs proposed are very promising to be concealed within the housing of the mobile phones or CF card.
文 字 目 錄
頁次
文字目錄 i
圖形目錄 iv
表格目錄 ix

第一章 序論 (Introduction) 1
1.1 概述 1
1.2 文獻探討 3
1.3 論文提要 5

第二章 適用於手機之雙頻倒F形平板天線 (A Dual-Band Planar Inverted F Patch Antenna for Mobile Phones) 8
2.1 概述 8
2.2 天線設計原理 8
2.3 模擬分析與實驗結果 10
2.4 心得與討論 18

第三章 適用於GSM/DCS頻帶之低姿勢彎摺單極手機天線 (A Very-Low-Profile Bent Planar Monopole Antenna for GSM/DCS Dual-Band Mobile phones) 21
3.1 概述 19
3.2 天線設計原理 20
3.3 模擬分析與實驗結果 21
3.4 心得與討論 29

第四章 應用在手機之寬頻摺疊式單極平面天線設計 (A Broadband Folded Planar Monopole Antenna for Mobile Phones) 30
4.1 概述 31
4.2 天線設計原理 31
4.3 模擬分析與實驗結果 32
4.4 心得與討論 40

第五章 應用在GSM/DCS雙頻操作之低成本表面黏著單極天線設計 (A Low-Cost Surface-Mount Monopole Antenna for GSM/DCS Operation) 41
5.1 概述 41
5.2 天線設計原理 42
5.3 模擬分析與實驗結果 44
5.4 心得與討論 50

第六章 適用於手機之四頻內藏式單極天線 (Quad-Band Internal Monopole Mobile Phone Antenna) 51
6.1 概述 51
6.2 天線設計原理 51
6.3 模擬分析與實驗結果 52
6.4 心得與討論 61

第七章 應用在無線區域網路CF卡之雙頻三角形晶片天線(Dual-Frequency Triangular Chip Antenna for WLAN Operation) 62
7.1 概述 62
7.2 天線設計原理 63
7.3 模擬分析與實驗結果 65
7.4 心得與討論 68

第八章 結論 (Conclusions) 72

參考文獻 (References) 74
論文著作表 (Publication List) 7
參 考 文 獻
(References)
1.Z. D. Liu, P. S. Hall, and D. Wake, “Dual-frequency planar inverted-F antenna,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propagat., vol. 45, pp. 1451-1458, 1997.
2.S. Tarvas and A. Isohatala, “An internal dual-band mobile phone antenna,” in 2000 IEEE Antennas Propagat. Soc. Int. Symp. Dig., pp. 266-269.
3.C. R. Rowell and R. D. Murch, “A compact PIFA suitable for dual-frequency 900/1800-MHz operation,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propagat., vol. 46, pp. 596-598, 1998.
4.C. T. P. Song, P. S. Hall, H. Ghafouri-Shiraz, and D. Wake, “Triple band planar inverted F antennas for handheld devices,” Electron. Lett., vol. 36, pp. 112-114, 2000.
5.P. Salonen, M. Keskilammi, and M. Kivikoski, “New slot configurations for dual-band planar inverted-F antenna,” Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett., vol. 28, pp. 293-298, 2001.
6.W. P. Dou and Y. W. M. Chia, “Novel meandered planar inverted-F antenna for triple-frequency operation,” Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett., vol. 27, pp. 58-60, 2000.
7.K. L. Wong, S. W. Su, T. W. Chiou, and Y. C. Lin, “Dual-band plastic chip antenna for GSM/DCS mobile phones,” Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett., vol. 33, pp. 330-332, 2002.
8.G. Y. Lee and K. L. Wong, “Very-Low-Profile Bent Planar Monopole Antenna for GSM/DCS Dual-Bend Mobile Phone,” Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett., vol. 35, pp. 406-409, 2002.
9.F. S. Chang, S. H. Yeh, and K. L. Wong, “Planar monopole in wrapped structure for low-profile GSM/DCS mobile phone antenna,” Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett., vol. 38, pp. 499-500, 2002.
10.F. S. Chang and K. L. Wong, “Folded meandered patch monopole antenna for low-profile GSM/DCS dual-band mobile phone,” Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett., vol. 34, pp. 84-86, 2002.
11.K. L. Wong, G. Y. Lee, and T. W. Chou, “A Low-Profile Planar Monopole Antenna for Multiband Operation of Mobile Handsets,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propagat., vol. 51, pp. 121-125, 2003.
12.Z. Ying, “Multiple band, multiple branch antenna for mobile phone,” World Intellectual Property Organization, International Publication No. WO 99/22420, 1999.
13.P. L. Teng and K. L. Wong, “Planar monopole folded into a compact structure for very-low-profile multi-band mobile phone antenna,” Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett., vol. 33, pp. 22-25, 2002.
14.E. Lee, P. S. Hall, and P. Gardner, “Compact wideband planar monopole antenna,” Electron. Lett., vol. 35, pp. 2157-2158, 1999.
15.K. F. Tong, K. M. Luk, C. H. Chan, and E. K. N. Yung, “A miniature monopole antenna for mobile communications,” Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett., vol. 27, pp. 262-263, 2000.
16.W. Dou and W. Y. M. Chia, “Small broadband stacked planar monopole,” Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett., vol. 27, pp. 288-289, 2000.
17.G. Y. Lee, S. H. Yeh, and K. L. Wong, “A Broadband Folded Planar Monopole Antenna for Mobile Phones,” Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett., vol. 33, pp. 165-167, 2002.
18.H. Tanidokoro, N. Konishi, E. Hirose, Y. Shimphara, H. Arai, and N. Goto, “1-wavelength loop type dielectric chip antennas,” in 1998 IEEE Antennas Propagat. Soc. Int. Symp. Dig., pp. 1950-1953.
19.H. Matsushima, E. Hirose, Y. Shinohara, H. Arai and N. Goto, “Electromagnetically coupled dielectric chip antenna,” in 1998 IEEE Antennas Propagat. Soc. Int. Symp. Dig., pp. 1954-1957.
20.Y. Dakeya, T. Suesada, K. Asakura, N. Nakajima, and H. Mandai, “Chip multiplayer antenna for 2.45 GHz-band application using LTCC technology,” in 2000 IEEE MTT-S Int. Microwave Symp. Dig., pp. 1693-1696.
21.W. Choi, S. Kwon, and B. Lee, “Ceramic chip antenna using meander conductor line,” Electron. Lett., vol. 37, pp. 933-934, 2001.
22.F. R. Hsiao, H. T. Chen, T. W. Chiou, G. Y. Lee, and K. L. Wong, “A Dual-Band Planar Inverted-F Patch Antenna with a Branch-Line Slit,” Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett., vol. 32, pp. 310-312, 2002.
23.N. P. Agrawall, G. Kumar, and K. P. Ray, “Wide-band planar monopole antennas,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propagat., vol. 46, pp. 294-295, 1998.
24.K. L. Wong, Planar Antennas for Wireless Communications, Wiley, New York, 2003, Chap. 3.
25.P. L. Teng, H. T. Chen, and K. L. Wong, “Multi-frequency planar monopole antenna for GSM/DCS/PCS/WLAN operation,” Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett., vol. 36, pp. 350-352, 2003.
26.P. L. Teng, C. Y. Chiu, and K. L. Wong, “Internal planar monopole antenna for GSM/DCS/PCS folder-type mobile phone,” Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett., vol. 39, pp. 106-108, 2003.
27.W. Choi, S. Kwon, and B. Lee, “Ceramic chip antenna using meander conductor line,” Electron. Lett., vol. 37, pp. 933-934, 2001.
28.J. Lee, C. Jeon and B. Lee, “Design of ceramic chip antenna for bluetooth applications using meander lines,” in 2002 IEEE Antennas Propagat. Soc. Int. Symp. Dig., pp. 68-71.
29.C. M. Su and K. L. Wong, “Surface-mountable dual side-feed circularly polarized ceramic chip antenna for GPS operation,” Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett., vol. 35, pp. 137-138, 2002.
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